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The Sixth United States Army is soon to be reactivated as a field army of the United States Army. It was first activated in January 1943, commanded by Lieutenant General Walter Krueger. Under the code name Alamo Force, it assumed control of the majority of US Army units involved in Operation Cartwheel, the campaign to isolate and neutralize the Japanese base at Rabaulmarker in New Britainmarker. Following the completion of Cartwheel, Sixth Army joined Australian Army and other US forces on the north coast of New Guineamarker. Similar in conception to the island hopping operations of the central Pacificmarker, the object of the attacks was to land, establish a garrison and airfield which could support the next strike, and then move on.

In September 1944, Sixth Army was released from operations in New Guinea by the US Eighth Army. On 20 October 1944, X Corps and XXIV Corps, under Sixth Army, invaded Leytemarker in the Philippinesmarker. By December, Leyte was almost secure, and Sixth Army was relieved again by Eighth Army to prepare for the invasion of Luzonmarker. As a prelude to that invasion, the island of Mindoromarker was invaded by the Western Visayan Task Force comprising the 19th and 503rd Regimental Combat Teams. Luzon itself was invaded on 9 January 1945 by I and XIV Corps. Sixth Army units fought south until they met up those of Eighth Army advancing from around Manilamarker. Sixth Army then continued to clear the north of Luzon continues by assets from the Philippine Commonwealth Army and recognized guerrilla units until the end of the war.

Sixth Army was to have provided the ground forces for the first phase of the invasion of Japan, but the surrender changed that. Occupation duty then followed for a short while until Sixth Army returned to the United States, headquartered at the Presidio of San Franciscomarker. Sixth Army then took responsibility for training of Army forces from part of the continental United States until it was inactivated as part of force reductions in June 1995.


In 2007 it was decided that US Army South will be redesignated as US Army South (Sixth Army) under the Army modularization program.

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