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Skara is a locality and the seat of Skara Municipalitymarker, Västra Götaland Countymarker, Swedenmarker with 10,963 inhabitants in 2005. Despite its small size, it has a long educational and ecclesiastical history. One of Sweden's oldest high schools, Katedralskolan (cathedral school), is situated in Skara. When the new gymnasium was built in 1988, it kept the old name and the old school was named Djäkneskolan. (The word djäkne comes from diakon, meaning servant of the church.)

Geography

Skara is located by the E20 motorway, about 130 kilometers northeast of Gothenburgmarker, in the centre of Västergötland.

The name Skara comes from Skåra or Skarv, which means score. It is believed to refer to the terrain.

History

According to local legend, Skara was founded in AD 988, making it one of the oldest cities of Sweden. It was one of only two cities in what was to become Västergötlandmarker, the other being Lödösemarker. Skara was the location for the regional assembly, the Thing of all Geats.

With the Christianization of Sweden, around 1000 AD, Skara became the seat for the bishop and a religious centre for the ensuing centuries. There have been bishops of Skara in an unbroken succession to this day.

Many important assemblies were held in Skara in medieval times. Examples include the important Swedish chancellor meeting in 1326. A meeting of Swedish, Danish and Norwegians in 1458, decided upon the later Kalmar Union.

In the ensuing medieval centuries, monasteries and other churches were completed in the town. The first monastery was for the Dominican order, called the monastery of Saint Olaf, opened in 1234; the other was of the Franciscan order, known as Saint Catherine (or Katarina in Swedish), recorded in 1259.

The foundations of the Skara Cathedralmarker are believed to stem from around 1050. The current cathedral was inaugurated in 1150, but findings during the last 50 years show it must be at least a century older. Its current appearance, however, stems from renovations in the 1880s by Helgo Zettervall, who also renovated the Cathedral of Uppsalamarker.

Notability

Old age

Medieval artifacts have been found in or near the Skara cathedral. A chalice from bishop Adalvard the Elder, dead in 1064, was found in his grave in the 18th century. For a while the Adalvardskalken was used in the Holy Communion.

Some 44 pages of a book containing texts and hymns of 11th-century Catholic rituals is held and exhibited by the Västergötland museum in Skara. The oldest book in Sweden, it was written between 1100-1150 by Skara monks.

Other ancient objects have been found during excavations of the monasteries and churches. Most are on public display in some museum.

New

There is a branch of the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet) in Skara.

There are several music and entertainment artists in Skara, giving it a notable spot among the cities. Among them are Natalia J, a singer and Sidewalk Pigeons. The Skara Sommarlandmarker is a popular amusement park with a reputation well known throughout the nation. Most notable is its water park with water chutes, artificial rafts, etc.

The official museum of Västergötlandmarker is in Skara.



See also



References

  • "Skara" , tourism brochure in Swedish, English, German (1997 / 2002).
  • Nordisk Familjebok, see link below.


External links




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