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The smock mill is a type of windmill that consists of a sloping, horizontally weatherboarded tower, usually with six or eight sides. It is topped with a roof or cap that rotates to bring the sails into the wind. This type of windmill got its name from its resemblance to smock worn by farmers in an earlier period.

Smock mills differ from tower mills, which are usually cylindrical rather than hexagonal or octagonal, and built from brick, stone or masonry instead of timber. The majority of smock mills are octagonal in plan, with a lesser number hexagonal in plan, such as Killick's Mill, Meopham. A very small number of smock mills were decagonal or dodecagonal in plan, an example of the latter being at Wicken, Cambridgeshire.

Smock mills exist in Western Europe and particularly in Englandmarker, where they were common, particularly in the county of Kentmarker, where the tallest surviving smock mill in the United Kingdom can be found. They reached their heyday in the earlier part of the 19th century, after which the advent of steam power started the decline of the windmill.

An example of a standing smock mill is Willesborough in Ashford, Kentmarker.

Designed by the civil engineer John Smeaton, Chimney Mill in Spital Tonguesmarker, Newcastle upon Tynemarker was the first five-sailed smock mill in Britain. It was built in 1782 and is the only surviving smock mill in the North East region. However, the sails and original cap are no longer in place.


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