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A general view of the city's downtown, as photographed from the seat of the city government
A historical building in downtown Sobral
Sobral is a city and municipality in the state of Cearámarker, Brazilmarker.

Sobral is the second largest municipality of Ceará, after Fortalezamarker. Its economy is based on agriculture, services and some manufacturing industries. The city has two public universities (Universidade Federal do Ceará, with a medical school) and the Universidade Estadual do Vale do Acaraú, and also counts with two other private colleges, Faculdade Luciano Feijão and Inta - a theological institute. The city is also the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Sobral.

The city became internationally known when it was the place where the first astronomical observation of a solar eclipse on May 29, 1919 by a team of Britishmarker scientists led by Sir Arthur Eddington was offered as the first proof of Albert Einstein's theory of general relativity, which had been published in 1916. A "Museum of the Eclipse" celebrates this event in the town. There is a monument at the museum marking the location of this solar eclipse.

Population: 175,276


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