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Soccer-specific stadium (or football-specific stadium) is a term used mainly in the United Statesmarker and Canadamarker, coined by Lamar Hunt, to refer to a sports stadium whose primary purpose is to host association football (soccer) matches. A SSS may host other events such as other sporting events (mostly lacrosse, gridiron football and rugby football), and concerts, but the design and purpose of an SSS is centered on soccer. These venues tend to be located in the suburbs outside the city limits instead of in the city itself, with a few current exceptions. Some facilities (namely Toyota Parkmarker, Pizza Hut Parkmarker, and Columbus Crew Stadiummarker) have a permanent stage at one end of the stadium used for the express purpose of staging concerts.

A SSS typically has amenities, dimensions and scale suitable for soccer in North America, including a scoreboard, video screen, luxury suites and possibly even a roof. The field dimensions are within the range found optimal by FIFAmarker — 110-120 yards (100-110m) long by 70-80 yards (64-75m) wide, wider than the regulation American football field width of 53⅓ yards. Lastly, the seating capacity is generally small enough to provide an intimate setting, between 18,000 - 30,000 for a Major League Soccer (MLS) franchise, or between 5,000 - 15,000 for a franchise in the United Soccer Leagues (whose attendance is subject to more variation), as opposed to the much larger American football stadiums in which most MLS teams were compelled to play at the league's inception (generally 60,000 - 80,000). The seating capacity for USL Premier Development League fields ranges from 1,000-5,000. The first major SSS in Canada is BMO Fieldmarker in Torontomarker, Ontariomarker.

The term "football-specific stadium" is sometimes used in countries where the sport is known as football, although it is not as common in countries where football is the dominant sport and thus football-specific stadia are quite common, or in countries where baseball is dominant (Far East, Central America and the Caribbeanmarker). The term tends to have a slightly different meaning in these countries, usually referring to a stadium without an athletics track surrounding the pitch.

List of soccer-specific stadiums

Major League Soccer (MLS)

Current MLS stadiums

Stadium Club(s) City Capacity Opened Cost (Millions USD)
Columbus Crew Stadiummarker Columbus Crew Columbusmarker, OHmarker 22,685 1999 28.5
Home Depot Centermarker Los Angeles Galaxy,
CD Chivas USA
Carsonmarker, CAmarker 27,000 2003 150
Pizza Hut Parkmarker FC Dallas Friscomarker, TXmarker 21,193 2005 80
Toyota Parkmarker Chicago Fire Bridgeviewmarker, ILmarker 20,000 2006 98
Dick's Sporting Goods Parkmarker Colorado Rapids Commerce Citymarker, COmarker 19,680 2007 130
BMO Fieldmarker Toronto FC Torontomarker, ONmarker 20,522 2007 62.5
Rio Tinto Stadiummarker Real Salt Lake Sandymarker, UTmarker 20,008 2008 115
Red Bull Arenamarker New York Red Bulls Harrisonmarker, NJmarker 25,189 2010 220*
Union Field at Chestermarker Philadelphia Union Chestermarker, PAmarker ~18,500 2010 115*
Renovated PGE Parkmarker Portland Timbers Portlandmarker, ORmarker ~22,000-23,000 2011* 31*
New Houston Dynamo stadiummarker Houston Dynamo Houstonmarker, TXmarker ~22,000 2011* 85*
New Earthquakes Stadiummarker San Jose Earthquakes San Josemarker, CAmarker ~15,000 2012* 60*
* = projected

Proposed soccer-specific stadiums

Club(s) Proposed stadium Proposed stadium capacity City of proposed stadium Current Stadium(s) Capacity of current stadium Stadium in current city
Proposed MLS Ottawa Expansion Team Ottawa Soccer Stadium 20,000-30,000 Kanatamarker, Ottawamarker, ONmarker, Canadamarker Proposed Expansion Team, no stadium yet N/A N/A
Proposed MLS St. Louis Expansion Team Collinsville Soccer Complex 18,500 Collinsvillemarker, ILmarker Proposed Expansion Team, no stadium yet N/A N/A
Vancouver MLS Expansion Team Whitecaps Waterfront Stadiummarker and renovated BC Place Stadiummarker 15,000-30,000; 22,000-59,000 Gastownmarker, Downtown Vancouvermarker, BCmarker, Canadamarker Swangard Stadiummarker - Vancouver Whitecaps 6,868 Burnabymarker, BCmarker, Canadamarker


United Soccer Leagues (USL)

Current USL stadiums

Stadium Club(s) Division City Capacity Opened
Lusitano Stadiummarker Western Mass Pioneers Second Ludlowmarker, MAmarker 3,000 1918
Legion Stadiummarker Wilmington Hammerheads Second Wilmingtonmarker, NCmarker 5,300 1930s?
Ezell Parkmarker Nashville Metros PDL Nashvillemarker, TNmarker 1,317 1950s?
City Park Stadiummarker Westchester Flames PDL New Rochellemarker, NYmarker 1,845 1970s?
Juan Ramón Loubriel Stadiummarker Puerto Rico Islanders First Bayamonmarker, PR 15,000 1974
Busch Fieldmarker Virginia Legacy
William & Mary Tribe
PDL
NCAA
Williamsburgmarker, VAmarker 2,271 1984
David Maus Soccer Complexmarker Central Florida Kraze PDL Lake Marymarker, FLmarker 3,666(?) 1995
Virginia Beach Sportsplexmarker Hampton Roads Piranhas PDL Virginia Beachmarker, VAmarker 10,000 1999
Blackbaud Stadiummarker Charleston Battery First Charlestonmarker, SCmarker 5,113 1999
WakeMed Soccer Parkmarker Carolina RailHawks
Cary RailHawks U23's
NC State Wolfpack

First
PDL
NCAA

Carymarker, NCmarker 7,000 2002
Macpherson Stadiummarker Carolina Dynamo PDL Greensboromarker, NCmarker 1,600 2002
Invaders Soccer Complexmarker Indiana Invaders PDL Mishawakamarker, INmarker 4,985 2004
Patriot Stadiummarker El Paso Patriots PDL El Pasomarker, TXmarker 3,000 2005
RE/MAX Greater Atlanta Stadiummarker Atlanta Silverbacks
Atlanta Beat (from 2010)
First
WPS
Atlantamarker, GAmarker 5,000 2006
Marina Auto Stadiummarker Rochester Rhinos First Rochestermarker, NYmarker 13,500 2006
Saputo Stadiummarker Montréal Impact First Montrealmarker, QCmarker 13,000 2008
National Sports Center Minnesota Thunder First Blainemarker, MNmarker 12,000 1990


Proposed soccer-specific stadiums

Club(s) Division City Current/Former Stadium Capacity
Des Moines Menace - Liberty Bank Stadium PDL West Des Moinesmarker, IAmarker Valley High School Football-Soccer Stadium 8,300
Tampa Bay Rowdies - Unnamed/Rowdies Stadium First Tampamarker, FLmarker Expansion Team, no stadium yet N/A
Sevilla FC Puerto Rico - Sevilla FC Stadium PRSL Juncosmarker, Puerto Rico Alfredo "Papo" Alejandro Stadium N/A


Other soccer-specific stadiums

Stadium Club(s) Division City Capacity Opened
King George V Parkmarker National Stadium
Memorial Sea-Hawksmarker
CONCACAF
CIS
St. John'smarker, NLmarker 10,000 1925
WRAL Soccer Centermarker CASL teams CASL Raleighmarker, NCmarker 3,200 1990s
Waipio Peninsula Soccer Stadiummarker Hawai i Rainbow Wahine
Various
NCAA
Local
Waipi omarker, HImarker 4,500 2000
Mike Rose Soccer Complex Memphis Tigersmarker
Various
NCAA
Local
Memphismarker, TNmarker 2,500 2001
Starfire Sports Complexmarker Seattle Sounders (alt.)
Various
USL-1
PCSL
Tukwilamarker, WAmarker 2,000 2002
Morrison Stadiummarker Creighton Bluejays

Various
NCAA

Local
Omahamarker, NEmarker 6,000 2003
Uihlein Soccer Parkmarker MSOE Raiders
Various
NCAA
Local
Milwaukeemarker, WImarker 7,000 1994
Yurcak Fieldmarker Rutgers Scarlet Knights
Sky Blue FC
NCAA
WPS
Piscatawaymarker, NJmarker 5,000 1994
Anheuser-Busch Centermarker Saint Louis Athletica WPS Fentonmarker, MOmarker 6,000 1982
Maryland SoccerPlexmarker Washington Freedom WPS Germantownmarker, MDmarker 5,128 2000
Orange Beach Sportsplexmarker Local teams Local Orange Beachmarker, ALmarker 1,500 2001


Past soccer-specific stadiums

Stadium Club(s) City Capacity Opened Years Used Status
Bethlehem Steel Athletic Field Bethlehem Steel S.C. Bethlehem, Pennsylvaniamarker 1913
Mark's Stadium Fall River Marksmen
Fall River F.C.
North Tiverton, Rhode Island 15,000 1922


See also



Notes and references

  1. Although the official Laws of the Game allow for pitches in adult matches to be 100-130 yards (90-120m) long by 50-100 yards (45-90m) wide, the more restrictive range is specified for international matches.
  2. Also used by the Los Angeles Sol of Women's Professional Soccer.
  3. Also to be used by the Dallas Sting when they enter WPS, originally scheduled for 2010 but now pushed back to an indeterminate future date.
  4. Also used by the Chicago Red Stars of WPS.
  5. Also to be used by Philadelphia Independence, slated to enter WPS in 2010.
  6. http://www.oregonlive.com/portland/index.ssf/2009/08/renovated_pge_park_will_showca.html
  7. The stadium will also be used by Saint Louis Athletica of WPS.
  8. The stadium is located in Germantown, but has a Boyds postal address.


External links




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