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The Sochi agreement (also known as the Dagomys Agreements ( ), official name in Russian: «Cоглашение о принципах мирного урегулирования грузино-осетинского конфликта») was a ceasefire agreement ostensibly marking the end of the both the Georgian–Ossetian and Georgian–Abkhazian conflicts, signed in Sochimarker on June 24, 1992 between Georgiamarker and South Ossetiamarker, the ceasefire with Abkhaziamarker on July 27, 1993.

South Ossetia agreement

Russia brokered a ceasefire and negotiated the Agreement in 1992. The agreement primarily established a cease-fire between the both Georgian and South Ossetian forces, but it also defined a zone of conflict around the South Ossetian capital of Tskhinvali and established a security corridor along the border of the as yet unrecognized South Ossetian territories. The Agreement also created a Joint Control Commission and a peacekeeping body, the Joint Peacekeeping Forces group (JPKF). The JPKF was put under Russian command and was composed of peacekeepers from Georgiamarker, Russiamarker, and North Ossetiamarker (as the South Ossetian independence was still unrecognized; South Ossetian peacekeepers, however, served in the North Ossetian contingent). In addition, the OSCE did agree to monitor the ceasefire and to facilitate negotiations. The OSCE sought to eliminate sources of tension, support the existing ceasefire, and facilitate a broader political framework to alleviate long term disharmony.

Abkhazia agreement

Once again, a Russian brokered agreement in 1993, the Agreement on a ceasefire in Abkhazia and On a Mechanism To Ensure Its Observance, allowed for a moratorium on the use of force, the withdrawal of conflicting parties from the warzone within fifteen days, establishing a Russian-Georgian-Abkhaz control group to monitor the ceasefire, the return of the Abkhazian parliament to Sukhumimarker, the placement of UN observers in the territory, and the resumption of talks to settle the dispute. In August of the same year UNOMIG was put in place as the UN monitoring force. The truce was violated on September 27 as Abkhaz forced ceased Sukhumi and declared victory. The pro-Georgian forces then withdrew to Tbilisimarker, as Georgia joined the CIS and changed Russia's stance towards Georgia's on the matter.

Once again, on March 6-7, 2003, Georgian President Eduard Sheverdnadze and Russian President Putin signed another agreement that sought to include economic rehabilitation, resumption of rail networks, and the attraction of international investment. This would happen to turn into a disappointment, especially for the Georgians.

Other Sochi summits

In 2003, Russian President Vladimir Putin met Georgian President Shevardnadze and Abkhazian PM Gennady Gagulia and set in motion a Sochi process that sought to create a Georgian-Russian-Abkhaz working groups on confidence building measures's (CBM). The parties sought to make it easier for the return of refugees and economic reconstruction.<-- dead--="">However, there had been no progress on the return of refugees.</-->

In 2008, U.S. President George W. Bush and Putin made a last ditch attempt as incumbent presidents to resolve a protracted dispute over European missile defenses at anotjer Sochi summit. This followed Russian officials objecting to U.S. plans to deploy ballistic missile defenses (BMD) in Poland and the Czech Republic. They had claim that the stated American justification for the BMD deployments -- that the systems are needed to defend the United States and European countries against an emerging Iranian missile threat -- lacked credibility. Instead, they insisted the true objective of such moves along Russia's periphery was to weaken Russia's nuclear deterrent.

References

External links

  Text of the agreement



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