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Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo (Croatian, Serbian, Serbo-Croatian: Socijalistička Autonomna Pokrajina Kosovo, Cyrillic script: Социјалистичка Аутономна Покрајина Косово; Albanian: Krahina Socialiste Autonome e Kosovës) was one of the two socialist autonomous areas of the Socialist Republic of Serbia incorporated into the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslaviamarker from 1974 until 1990. It was a predecessor of the modern day Kosovomarker.

History

The Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija received more and more autonomy and self-government within Serbia and Yugoslavia during the 1970s, and its name was officially changed in 1974 to Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo ("and Metohija" was removed because it was not used by the Kosovo Albanians and "Socialist" added to further show the Socialist ideal of then's SFRY) as per the Constitutions of SFRY and SR Serbia, when SAP Kosovo also gained its own Constitution. The Province of Kosovo gained the highest officials, most notably Presidency and Government, and gained a seat in the Federal Yugoslavian Presidency (including veto power on the federal level) which equated it to the states of SR Serbia.

The local Albanian-dominated ruling class had been asking for recognition of Kosovo as a parallel republic to Serbia within the Federation, and after Tito’s death in 1980, the demands were renewed. In March 1981 Albanian students protested demanding independence of Kosovo. Subsequently the situation rapidly escalated into extremely violent mass-riots across the province that spread across 6 major Kosovo cities and included over 20,000 Albanian dissidents. The Yugoslav authorities harshly prosecuted and contained the civil unrest. Emigration of non-Albanians increased and ethnic tensions between Albanians and non-Albanians greatly increased, with violent inner-attacks, especially aimed at the Yugoslavian officials and representatives of authority.

Slobodan Milošević became the leader of the Serbian communists in 1986, and then seized control over Kosovo and Vojvodinamarker. This can especially be seen in the 1987 rift in Kosovo, which became the final turnout of possibilities of peace between Albanians and Yugoslavia. On 28 June 1989, Milošević led a mass celebration with hundreds of thousands (almost one million) Serbs in Gazimestanmarker on the 600th anniversary of a 1389 Battle of Kosovo. Milošević's Gazimestan speech, which marked the beginning of his political prominence, was an important part of the events that contributed to the ongoing crisis in Kosovo. The ensuing Serbian nationalist movement was also a contributing factor to the Yugoslav Wars.

In 1989, Milošević revoked the autonomy of Kosovo, returning it to the pre-1971 Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija status, which was passed by the Kosovo Parliament on 28 September of 1990.

In 2008 Kosovo declared independence from Serbia. As of July 11, 2009, 62 out of 192 sovereign United Nations member states have formally recognized the Republic of Kosovo. Serbia still considers Kosovo as part of its sovereign territory.

Demographics

According to the 1981 census (the only census taken during the existence of the Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo), the population of the province numbered 1,584,441 people, including:

Politics

The only political party in the province was League of Communists of Kosovo, which was part of the League of Communists of Serbia and part of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia.

The Constitution of the Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo was the highest juridical act of the province.

Heads of Institutions

Prime Ministers

Chairman of the Executive Council of the People's Committee of the Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo:

Chairmen of the Executive Council of the Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo:

Presidents

Chairman of the People's Liberation Committee of the Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo:

Presidents of the Assembly of the Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo:

Presidents of Presidency of the Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo:

See also



External links




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