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Official symbol of Socialist International.
Countries governed by an SI member or consultative parties (as of August 2008).


The Socialist International is a worldwide organisation of democratic socialist, social democratic, socialist, and labour political parties. It was formed in 1951.

History

The Second International, which was formed in 1889 and dissolved on the eve of World War I in 1914, consitituted some of the same parties that would later form the Socialist International. Among the Second International's most famous actions were its 1889 declaration of 1 May as International Labour Day and its 1910 declaration of 8 March as International Women's Day. While the Second International was split by the outbreak of World War I, a skeleton form survived through the International Socialist Commission. The International re-formed in 1923 (as the Labour and Socialist International), and was reconstituted again, in its present form, after World War II (during which many social democratic and socialist parties had been suppressed in Nazi-occupied Europe).

During the post-World War II period, the SI aided social democratic parties in re-establishing themselves when dictatorship gave way to democracy in Portugalmarker (1974) and Spainmarker (1975). Until its 1976 Genevamarker Congress, the Socialist International had few members outside Europe and no formal involvement with Latin America. In the 1980s, most SI parties gave their backing to the Nicaraguanmarker Sandinistas (FSLN), whose left-wing government had incited enmity from the United Statesmarker. Since then, the SI has admitted as member-parties not only the FSLN but also the centre-left Puerto Rican Independence Party, as well as the ex-Communist parties such as the Italianmarker Democrats of the Left (Democratici di Sinistra (DS)) and the Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO).

The Party of European Socialists, a European political party active in the European Parliamentmarker, is an associated organisation of the Socialist International.

The current Secretary General of the Socialist International is Luis Ayala (Chile), who has held the post since 1989.

Presidents



Honorary Presidents

Summits

  1. Frankfurtmarker 1951
  2. Milanmarker 1952
  3. Stockholmmarker 1953
  4. Londonmarker 1955
  5. Viennamarker 1957
  6. Hamburgmarker 1959
  7. Romemarker 1961
  8. Amsterdammarker 1963
  9. Brusselsmarker 1964
  10. Stockholmmarker 1966
  11. Eastbournemarker 1969
  12. Viennamarker 1972
  13. Genevamarker 1976
  14. Vancouvermarker 1978
  15. Madridmarker 1980
  16. Albufeiramarker 1983
  17. Limamarker 1986
  18. Stockholmmarker 1989
  19. Berlinmarker 1992
  20. New Yorkmarker 1996
  21. Parismarker 1999
  22. São Paulomarker 2003
  23. Athensmarker 2008


Member parties

||  || Social Democratic Party ||   in opposition ||
||  || Socialist Party of Albania ||   in opposition ||
||  || Socialist Forces Front ||   in opposition ||
||  || Social Democratic Party ||   in government ||
||  || Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola ||   in government ||
||  || Armenian Revolutionary Federation ||   in opposition ||
||  || Socialist Party ||   in opposition ||
||  || Radical Civic Union ||   in opposition ||
||  || People's Electoral Movement ||   in government ||
||  || Australian Labor Party ||   in government ||
||  || Social Democratic Party of Austria ||   senior party in coalition cabinet ||
||  || Barbados Labour Party ||   in opposition ||
||  || Socialist Party Different ||   in opposition ||
||  || Socialist Party ||   junior party in coalition cabinet ||
||  || Social Democratic Party ||   in opposition || part of the Alliance for Dynamism and Democracy
||  || Alliance of Independent Social Democrats ||   in government ||
||  || Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina ||   in government ||
||  || Democratic Labour Party ||   junior party in coalition cabinet ||
||  || Party of Bulgarian Social Democrats ||   in opposition || part of Coalition for Bulgaria
||  || Bulgarian Socialist Party ||   in opposition || part of Coalition for Bulgaria
||  || Party for Democracy and Progress / Socialist Party ||   in opposition ||
||  || Social Democratic Front ||   in opposition ||
||  || New Democratic Party ||   in opposition||
||  || African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde ||   in government ||
||  || Socialist Party of Chile ||   in government || part of Concert of Parties for Democracy
||  || Social Democrat Radical Party ||   in government || part of Concert of Parties for Democracy
||  || Party for Democracy ||   in government  || part of Concert of Parties for Democracy
||  || Colombian Liberal Party ||   in opposition ||
||  || Ivorian Popular Front ||   in government ||
||  || National Liberation Party  ||   in government ||
||  || Social Democratic Party of Croatia ||   in opposition ||
||  || New Antilles Movement ||   in opposition ||
||  || Movement for Social Democracy ||    junior party in coalition cabinet ||
||  || Czech Social Democratic Party ||   in goverment||
||  || Social Democrats ||   in opposition ||
||  || Dominican Revolutionary Party ||   in opposition ||
||  || Party of the Democratic Left ||   in government || part of the PAIS Alliance
||  || National Democratic Party ||   in government ||
||  || Convergence for Social Democracy ||   in opposition ||
||  || Social Democratic Party ||   in government ||
||  || Social Democratic Party of Finland ||   in opposition ||
||  || Socialist Partymarker ||   in opposition ||
||  || Social Democratic Party of Germany ||   in opposition ||
||  || National Democratic Congress ||   in government||
||  || Panhellenic Socialist Movement ||   in government ||
||  || National Union of Hope ||   in government ||
||  || Rally of the Guinean People ||   in opposition || has no seats in parliament as it boycotted last elections
||  || Fusion of Haitian Social Democrats ||   in government (part of coalition) ||
||  || Hungarian Socialist Party ||   in government ||
||  || Hungarian Social Democratic Party ||   in government || part of an alliance with the Hungarian Socialist Party
||  || Social Democratic Alliance ||   senior party in coalition cabinetmarker ||
||  || Patriotic Union of Kurdistan ||   junior party in coalition cabinet || part of the Democratic Patriotic Alliance of Kurdistan
||  || Labour Party ||   in opposition ||
||  || Israeli Labor Party ||   junior party in coalition cabinet ||
||  || New Movement-Meretz ||   in opposition ||
||  || Democrats of the Left ||   in opposition || part of the Democratic Party
||  || Democratic Left ||   in opposition || has no seats in parliament
||  || Italian Socialist Party ||   in opposition || has no seats in parliament
||  || People's National Party ||   in opposition ||
||  || Social Democratic Party ||   in government || part of the DPJ-led coalition
||  || Progressive Socialist Party ||   junior party in coalition cabinet || part of the March 14 Alliance
||  || Latvian Social Democratic Workers' Party ||   in opposition || has no seats in parliament
||  || Social Democratic Party of Lithuania ||   in opposition ||
||  || Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party ||   junior party in coalition cabinet
|| || Social Democratic Union of Macedonia ||   in opposition ||
||  || Democratic Action Party ||   in opposition || part of the Pakatan Rakyat
||  || Alliance for Democracy in Mali ||   in government || part of the Alliance for Democracy and Progress
||  || Rally for Mali ||   in opposition || part of the Front for Democracy and the Republic
||  || Labour Party ||   in opposition ||
||  || Rally of Democratic Forces ||   in opposition ||
||  || Mauritian Militant Movement ||   in government|| part of the MMM-MSM alliance
||  || Mauritian Labour Party ||   in government || part of the Alliance Sociale
||  || Party of the Democratic Revolution ||   in opposition || part of the Coalition for the Good of All
||  || Institutional Revolutionary Party ||   in opposition || part of the Alliance for Mexico
||  || Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party ||   in government ||
||  || Social Democratic Party of Montenegro ||   junior party in coalition cabinet || part of Coalition for a European Montenegro
||  || Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro ||   senior party in coalition cabinet || part of Coalition for a European Montenegro
||  || Socialist Union of Popular Forces ||   junior party in coalition cabinet ||
||  || FRELIMO ||   in government
||  || South West Africa People's Organisation ||   in government ||
||  || Nepali Congress ||   senior party in coalition cabinet ||
||  || Labour Party  ||   junior party in coalition cabinet ||
||  || New Zealand Labour Party ||   in opposition ||
||  || Sandinista National Liberation Front ||   in government ||
||  || Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism ||   in opposition ||
||  Northern Irelandmarker || Social Democratic and Labour Party ||   junior party in coalition cabinet
||  || Norwegian Labour Party ||   senior party in coalition cabinet
||  || Pakistan Peoples Party ||   senior party in coalition cabinet ||
||  || Democratic Revolutionary Party ||   in opposition ||
||  || Revolutionary Febrerista Party ||   in government || part of Patriotic Alliance for Change
||  || Peruvian Aprista Party ||   senior party in coalition cabinet ||
||  || Democratic Left Alliance ||   in opposition ||
||  || Union of Labour ||   in opposition || has no seats in parliament
||  || Socialist Party ||   in government
||  || Puerto Rican Independence Party ||   in opposition ||
||  || Social Democratic Partymarker ||   in government
||  || Party of Socialists and Democrats ||   in opposition ||
||  || Socialist Party of Senegal ||   in opposition || has no seats in parliament as it boycotted last elections
||  || Democratic Party ||   senior party in coalition cabinet || part of For a European Serbia
||  || Social Democratic Party ||   || has no seats in parliament ||
||  || Direction – Social Democracy ||   senior party in coalition cabinet ||
||  || Social Democrats ||   senior party in coalition cabinet ||
||  || Spanish Socialist Workers' Party ||   in government ||
||  || African National Congress ||   in government ||
||  || Swedish Social Democratic Party ||   in opposition ||
||  || Social Democratic Party of Switzerland ||   in coalition cabinet ||
||  || Constitutional Democratic Rally ||   in government ||
||  || Republican People's Party ||   in opposition ||
||  || Labour Party ||   in government ||
||  || Democratic Socialists of America ||   no representation || not an electoral party ||
||  || Socialist Party of Uruguay ||   in government || part of the Broad Front
||  || New Space ||   in government || part of the Broad Front
||  || Democratic Action ||   in opposition ||
||  || Movement for Democratic Change – Tsvangirai ||   senior party in coalition cabinet ||
Country Name Government Notes
Movement for Socialism in opposition


Consultative parties



Observer parties



Fraternal organisations



Associated organisations



See also



References

  1. The Dictionary of Contemporary Politics of South America, Routledge, 1989


External links




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