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Sociedade Esportiva Palmeiras, usually called Palmeiras, is a Brazilian football team from São Paulomarker. The team was founded on August 26, 1914, as Società Sportiva Palestra Italia but changed to the current name on September 14, 1942. It is one of the most popular, traditional and successful Brazilian clubs with almost 17 million supporters. Palmeiras won 10 national competitions, record in Brazil.

The most important titles have been 6 national league titles (4 Campeonato Brasileiros and 2 Torneios Roberto Gomes Pedrosa), 4 national cups (1 Brazil Cup, 2 Taças Brasil and 1 Brazilian Champion's Cup). Their international trophy hall includes one Libertadores Cup. The team won de competition in 1999, after beating Deportivo Cali from Colombiamarker.

History

Foundation and name

Photo of Palestra Italia in 1916
Photo of Palestra Italia State Champion in 1920
Photo of Palestra Italia State Champion in 1933
Palmeiras was founded by Luigi Cervo, Vicenzo Ragognetti, Luigi Emanuele Marzo and Ezequiel Simone, fourItalian men who were members of the Italian community of São Paulomarker and was initially named Palestra Italia. Its original colors were red, white and green (those of Italy). The name change occurred during World War II. Brazil entered the war supporting the allies and its dictatorship forced Palestra Italia to change its name because of the reference to Italymarker. The original badge (a white ornamental "P" in a shield) is still present in the current one and the club has used red as a third colour (mostly in friendly games during the club's 75th anniversary).

Several other clubs whose names alluded to enemy foreign countries either disappeared (like Germania) or were renamed during the same period. Another Brazilian club that was once also called Palestra Italia is Cruzeiro Esporte Clubemarker, from Belo Horizontemarker, Minas Geraismarker. However Palmeiras was the original Palestra Italia, since it was founded about a decade before Cruzeiro.

Ups and downs

The club has had a rather irregular history alternating between periods of intense success and failure. In the 1960s and early 1970s for instance, the club collected trophies, having played several times the Libertadores Cup and won the Brazilian Championship (Campeonato Brasileiro) twice (1972/73). Then the club found itself in a fifteen-year hiatus without any significant trophies until 1992 when the club signed a sponsorship deal with Italian dairy giant Parmalat; the deal lasted for eight years and quickly turned Palmeiras into Brazil's richest club, allowing the club to purchase many valuable assets for their squad such as Edmundo, Rivaldo, Roberto Carlos, Zinho, and Antonio Carlos Zago. During the Parmalat era (which started in 1992) Palmeiras won the Brazilian Championship twice (1993/94), the Brazilian Cup (1998), the Mercosur Cup (1998) and the Libertadores Cup (1999). Palmeiras went to Division 2 in 2003 but came back to Division 1 the following year as the Division 2 champions.

1999 - Libertadores Cup Winners

Famous coach Luiz Felipe Scolari led the team to one of the club's most important titles: The 1999 Libertadores Cup. The final match was against Deportivo Cali from Colombia. Important players from that team were World Cup winners Marcos, Zinho and Roque Júnior, as well as Alex de Souza, Evair, Paulo Nunes and César Sampaio. In the first leg, in Calimarker, Deportivo beat Palmeiras 1-0. In the second leg, at Estádio Palestra Itáliamarker, Palmeiras beat Deportivo 2-1 and won the competition in the penalty shootout.

In the same year, in Tokyomarker, Palmeiras disputed Intercontinental Cup, but being defeated in the final by Manchester United.

2000 - 4 Final Championship Matches

In 2000, Palmeiras disputed 4 Final Championship Matches. At first, the team won the Rio-São Paulo Tournament after beating Vasco da Gama in the final. In the first leg, in Rio de Janeiro, Palmeiras beat Vasco 2-1. In the second leg, at Estádio do Morumbi, the club from São Paulo beat Vasco 4-0.

The club again reached the Libertadores Cup final, this time against Boca Juniors from Argentinamarker. In the first leg, in Buenos Airesmarker, the game ended 2-2. In the second leg, at Morumbi stadium, in São Paulo, the game ended 0-0 and Boca won the competition in the penalty shootout.

In the same year, Palmeiras won Brazilian Champions' Cup after beating Sport Recife in the final. By the end of this year, the club again reached the Mercosur Cup final, but being defeated by Vasco da Gama.


Current Years

Parmalat sponsorship ended in 2000 and left the club in dire straits. After a mildly irregular season in 2001 — the biggest achievement was a Libertadores Cup semifinal against Boca Juniors— the club faced its worst year ever in 2002 and was relegated to the Second Division, which it won in the following year, returning to the First Division in 2004. Ever since its comeback, the club has been on the rise. The 2004 and 2005 seasons were rather successful when the team qualified for the Libertadores Cup but unfortunately was sent home before the end of the championship.The 2006 season was not good since the team finished the Campeonato Brasileiro in the 16th position, followed by a 7th position in 2007 season.

In 2008 Palmeiras made a partnership contract with Traffic, a Sports Marketing Agency. Besides that, the club made some big investments on some big name players and also on coach Wanderley Luxemburgo. This new strategy paid up, since the club won for the 22nd time the Paulista Championship.

Also in 2008 Palmeiras won the São Paulo State Cup with a 5 X 0 victory over Ponte Preta. Palmeiras also finished 4th in the Campeanato Brasileiro, which qualified them to the 2009 edition of the Copa Libertadores.

Champion of The Century

In its history, the club has won 22 championships of the State of São Paulo and 5 Rio-São Paulo Tournament, but the most important titles have been 6 national league titles ( 4 Campeonato Brasileiros and 2 Torneios Roberto Gomes Pedrosa), 4 national cups (1 Brazil Cup, 2 Taças Brasil and 1 Brazilian Champion's Cup), 1 Libertadores Cup, 1 Mercosur Cup and the 1951 Copa Rio . Palmeiras is recognised as one of Brazil's most victorious clubs. In 1999, the Club was claimed by Federação Paulista de Futebol 'Champion of The 20th Century' in Brazil.

Honours (70)

Honours of professional football (67)

Official honours (40)

Palmeiras's Hall of Trophies
Palmeiras's Hall of Trophies (other vision)


Continental Competitions (CONMEBOL) (2)


National Competitions (CBD/CBF) (10)


Other National Competitions (CBF) (1)


Inter-state competitions (FPF and FFERJ) (5)


State of São Paulo Competitions (FPF) (22)
  • Campeonato Paulista: 1920, 1926-27, 1932-34, 1936, 1940, 1942, 1944, 1947, 1950, 1959, 1963, 1966, 1972, 1974, 1976, 1993-94, 1996, 2008


Friendly Tournaments (27)

International Tournaments (16)
  • Copa Rio: 1951
  • Firenze Cup (Italy): 1963
  • Ramon de Carranza (Spainmarker): 1969, 1974, 1975
  • Euro-America Cup: 1991, 1996
  • Nagoya Cup: 1994
  • Brazil-Italy Cup: 1994
  • Brazil-Japan Cup: 1967
  • Naranja Cup (Spainmarker): 1995
  • Lev Yashin Tournament: 1994
  • Kirin Cup: *1978
  • Italian Imigration Cup: 1975
  • Mar del Plata Cup: 1972
  • João Havelange Cup: 1966


'*Kirin Cup was shared with Borussia Mönchengladbach

National Tournaments (11)


Amateur football (3)

Youth competitions (2)

Women competitions (1)



Stadium



Palmeiras plays home games at the Palestra Italia Stadium. In the past its capacity was listed as 35,000 spectators. However, even though its grandstands have been extended in the late 1990s, currently it seats 27,640 people due to regulations enforcing improved safety and comfort. The venue is also known as Parque Antártica because the area was a park built by Antarctica Paulista Company in the beginning of the last century, being acquired by Palmeiras in 1920.

Local derbies against São Paulo are still played at home while derbies against Corinthians are usually played in larger stadium.

There is a rebuild in course to reformulate all installation until Dec 2010. The project offers the first FIFA ready stadium in South America, announcing as Multi Purpose Events Arena (shows, seminars, meetings, parties, etc.). Capacitiy will be increased upt to 43,000 seats and 2,000 press staff, on soccer games. Many other facilities will be in place as: enhanced parking area, VIP area, 03 Restaurant and Bar, Helicopter Point, etc.

Club colours

Evolution of Palmeiras crest
Palmeiras first kit is of green jerseys, white shorts and green socks. Palmeiras first jersey was green with a horizontal white band across, with a red and white Savoy cross as crest . Palmeiras have played in blue shirts twice as a tribute to the Italian National Team. Their supporters are also well known for the mancha verde (green spot), when Palmeiras is entering the pitch,supportters use a deep green fog.

From 2007 to 2009 Palmeiras also used a third jersey, which is a light yellow shirt with a dark green shorts and socks.

In 2010 Palmeiras retired the light yellow jersey and started using a BLue and white shirt, with white shorts, for their third jersey.

Supporters

  • The club's official mascot is a green parakeet. However, during the late 1960s, fans of Palmeiras' bigger rival Corinthians, would refer to the team as "Pig", due to Prankster/Killjoy behaviour (Espírito de Porco in Portuguese) and soon after, other teams would follow. In 1986, at the Campeonato Paulista playoffs, supporters have adopted the pig like their mascot., Although the parakeet is the official mascot, fans will refer to and yell: "PORCO!" (Pig) enthusiastically during matches, as the pig became their better known mascot.
  • Traditionally, Palmeiras is a club supported by the Italian descendants. Nowadays, however, the club is supported by every kind of people.
  • Palmeiras biggest ultras are Mancha Alvi-Verde (in English: White and Green Stain - based on the Mickey Mouse Enemy "Phantom Blot", in a green version), TUP (which is the oldest ultra), Acadêmicos da Savóia, Porks and others.


Rivals

Palmeiras' biggest rival is Corinthians. The rivalry between the two clubs is considered one of the most intense in the world, and their matches are known as The Paulista Derby. São Paulo FC is another direct rival; the games between the two clubs are called Choque Rei (King Clash).

Palmeiras B team

Palmeiras has a "second" team that plays the third division of the Paulista Championship (Série A3).

Cultural references

Palmeiras was featured heavily in the film O Casamento de Romeu e Julieta where the rivalry between Palmeiras and Corinthians plays a major role in the plot.

Players

Current squad

(vice-captain)


 (captain)


2009 Transfers

In:



Out:

Reserve team

Notable players

Notable managers

Current staff

As of 6 August 2009.


Position Name
Head Coach Muricy Ramalho
Assistant Coach Valdir Joaquim de Moraes, Tata, Jorginho
Goalkeeping Coach Cantarele, Fernando Miranda
Fitness Coaches Anselmo Pereira Sbragia and José Omar Alves Feitosa
Club Doctors Rubens Sampaio, Vinícius Martins and Otávio Vilhena
Physiotherapists José Rosan Júnior, Mário Galdi Peixoto and Joao Carlos Ferreira de Sousa
Masseurs Sérgio Luís, Miguel de Oliveira and Luiz Carlos


Famous matches



Presidents

The club associates congregate in a general assembly every four years to elect the seventy-six members of the Conselho Deliberativo (Deliberating Council) who in their turn chose amongst them a president for a two-year mandate . As of 2006 the president can only be re-elected once .

These are all Palmeiras presidents since the club's foundation , :

 
Name Years
Ezequiel Simone 1914
Leonardo Pareto 1915
Augusto Vaccaro 1915
Ludovico Bacchiani 1916
Guido Farti 1917
Dulio Frugoli 1918
Valentino Sola 1918
Menotti Falchi 1919–1920
David Pichetti 1921–1922
Francisco De Vivo 1923–1924
Giuseppe Perrone 1925–1927
Eduardo Matarazzo 1928–1931
 
Name Years
Dante Delmanto 1932–1934
Raphael Parisi 1934–1938
Ítalo Adami 1939–1940
Enrico de Martino 1939–1940
João Minervino 1939–1940
Ítalo Adami 1941–1944
Francisco Patti 1945–1946
Higino Pellegrini 1947–1948
Ferrúcio Sandoli 1949–1950
Mário Frugiuelle 1951–1952
Pascoal Walter Byron Giuliano 1953–1954
Mário Beni 1955–1958
 
Name Years
Delfino Facchina 1959–1970
Paschoal Walter Byron Giuliano 1971–1976
Jordão Bruno Sacomani 1977–1978
Brício Pompeu Toledo 1977–1978
Delfino Facchina 1979–1980
Brício Pompeu Toledo 1981–1982
Paschoal Walter Byron Giuliano 1983–1984
Nélson Tadini Duque 1985–1988
Carlos Bernardo Facchina Nunes 1989–1992
Mustafá Contursi Goffar Majzoub 1993–2005
Afonso Della Monica Netto 2005–2009
Luiz Gonzaga Belluzzo 2009–today


Anthem

Palmeiras flag
Palmeiras anthem was composed in 1949 by conductor Antonio Sergi. Sergi also wrote the lyrics for the anthem, but did that under the pseudonym Gennaro Rodrigues.

Quando surge o alviverde imponente

(When the imposing white-green emerges)

No gramado em que a luta o aguarda

(On the pitch where battle awaits)

Sabe bem o que vem pela frente

(Aware of what lies ahead)

Que a dureza do prélio não tarda

(That the hardness of the game is approaching)


E o Palmeiras no ardor da partida

(And Palmeiras, in the heat of the match)

Transformando a lealdade em padrão

(Making a pattern out of loyalty)

Sabe sempre levar de vencida

(Always knows how to emerge as the winner)

E mostrar que de fato é campeão

(And show that it's indeed the champion)


Defesa que ninguém passa

(Impenetrable defense)

Linha atacante de raça

(Vigorous attacking line)

Torcida que canta e vibra

(Singing, cheering supporters)


Por nosso alviverde inteiro

(For our white-green whole)

Que sabe ser brasileiro

(Who know how to be Brazilian)

Ostentando a sua fibra

(Boasting its fiber)

Top Scorers

These are Palmeiras's top scorers since its foundation (data as of May 12 2006):

# Name Goals Years
1 Heitor 284 1916-1931
2 César Maluco 180 1967-1974
3 Ademir da Guia 153 1961-1977
4 Lima 149 1938-1954
5 Servílio 140 1963-1968
6 Evair 127 1991-1994 and 1999
7 Humberto 126 1953-1958 and 1960-1961
8 Rodrigues 125 1950-1955
9 Luizinho 123 1935-1941
10 Tupãzinho 122 1963-1968


Sponsors

Current Sponsors


Former Sponsors


Apparel Suppliers

Current Supplier
  • Adidas (1976-1993 and 2006-today)


Former Suppliers


Other sports

Palmeiras has a victorious tradition in various sports, such as rink hockey and basketball. Leandro Barbosa and Oscar Schmidt, two of the best Brazilian basketball players of all time, started their careers at Palmeiras (nevertheless they are Corinthians's supporters).

References

External links




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