The Full Wiki

More info on Sokollu Mehmet Paşa

Sokollu Mehmet Paşa: Map

Advertisements
  
  

Wikipedia article:

Map showing all locations mentioned on Wikipedia article:



Sokollu Mehmed Pasha (Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian: Mehmed-paša Sokolović, Cyrillic: Мехмед-паша Соколовић) (born 1506, Sokolovići, Bosnia - died 1579, Constantinoplemarker, Ottoman Empire) was a 16th-century Ottoman statesman of Serbian descent. Mehmed was taken away at an early age as part of the devshirmeh system of Ottoman collection of young boys to be raised to serve as a janissary.

He rose through the ranks of the Ottoman imperial system, eventually holding positions as commander of the imperial guard (1543-1546), High Admiral of the Fleet (1546-1551), Governor-General of Rumelia (1551-1555), Third Vizier (1555-1561), Second Vizier (1561-1565) and as Grand Vizier (1565-1579) (for a total of 14 years, 3 months, 17 days) under three Sultans: Suleiman the Magnificent, Selim II, and Murad III. He was assassinated in 1579, ending a near 15-year rule as de facto ruler of the Ottoman Empire. Another unusual fact about him is that at a height of above 2 metres, he was the tallest amongst all of the Grand-Viziers that have served the Ottoman Empire.

Biography

Early years

Little is known for certain about Mehmed's birth and early life. Turkishmarker chroniclers and historians only took notice of him after he had attained great standing in the Ottoman hierarchy. The facts regarding his youth may further be obscured by popular myths from later ages, making it difficult for historians to separate them.

Mehmed was born into a Orthodox Serbs family in or near Sokolovići (which under Ottoman rule in Turkish was called Sokol), near modern-day Rudomarker. Said to have come from a modest shepherd family, Sokollu Mehmed Pasha's name derives from his place of birth (-lu indicates in Turkish from a place, in this case Sokollu or from Sokol). While some other sources suggest that the Sokolović family was descended from feudal Bosnian nobility, this was a common myth regarding various eminent families of the time. Research into the roots of Ottoman Bosnia's aristocratic families seems to discredit this thesis.

Mehmed's birth name was probably Bajica,, while his father was named Dimitrije. He had two brothers and a sister, as well as at least one uncle. However, details about his family and relations are disputed on two major counts. One is his relationship to Makarije Sokolović the Serbian. Traditionally identified as his brother, today some historians consider him to have been either a nephew or distant relative. The second is the matter of Mehmed's uncle. By some accounts, his uncle was at the Mileševa who had his two nephews, Bajica and Makarije (taken to be brothers according to this view), educated there. Other sources suggest that his uncle converted to Islam early.

In 1516, an Ottoman expedition gathering up boys as part of the devshirmeh system reached Sokolovići. According to folklore, Bajica was either simply taken from his father's home or, due to a reputation as a gifted child, specifically chosen by the commanding Yeshilche Mehmed Bey. The story further holds that his uncle unsuccessfully appealed to the authorities, even offering gold for the child's return.

Janissary education

He accepted the name of Mehmed and first in Edirnemarker and then in Istanbulmarker got a thorough Ottoman education as a recruit, first as an apprentice Janissary (in Turkish Acemi Oglan); then in Imperial Squires school (in Turkish Enderun) in Topkapi Palacemarker.

As proclaimed in Baghdadmarker on 13 March 1535, Mehmed was sent to be one of the seven retainers of the Imperial Treasurer Iskender Celebi. On Iskender's death, Mehmed returned to Istanbulmarker. In addition to Turkish, he spoke Serbian, Persian, Arabic, Venetian-Italian and Neo-Latin.

Early career

Mehmed in 1541 first became an Imperial Chamberlain and then the head of the Sultan's squires. In these positions he became very close to Sultan Suleyman and learnt from him.

As a soldier, Mehmed excelled at the Battle of Mohácsmarker and the first Siege of Vienna. In 1546 the Admiral Kapudan Pasha Heiradin Barbarossa died and Mehmed was appointed his successor. In this capacity he was present at the naval expedition against Trablus (present day Libya). During his five years in this position, Mehmed Pasha greatly strengthened the arsenal of the Naval fleet.

Mehmed became Beylerbey (Governor-General) of Rumelia in 1551, headquartered in Sofiamarker. While he was visiting the area of his birth, his mother recognized him by the birthmark on his face and embraced her child for the first time in more than thirty years.

After the death of Jovan Zapolja Duke of Erdelj the King of Hungary and the Habsburg Emperor wanted to annex his lands, and civil war erupted between duchess Isabella (wife of Jovan Zapolja, and daughter of King of Poland) and her supporters under command of Petar Petrovic (predominantly Serbs), and the Djordje Utješenović (later will become a Cardinal as reward for his accomplishments in this conflict). The Habsburg Emperor sent a Condotier Officer (Bartolomeo Castoldo) and more than 7,000 soldiers (mercenaries) who beat the Serbs under Petar Petrović and killed more than 2,500 of them near Chanad (Csanad). The Sultan ordered Sokollu Mehmed Pasha to move immediately to Hungarymarker. Mehmed assembled an army of 90,000 soldiers and 54 cannons and marched into Hungary. He also summoned the Pashas of Smederevomarker, Vidinmarker and Nicopolismarker. When his forces reached Slankamen in Sremmarker, Monk Đorđe Utješenović, a Transylvanian viceroy, begged Mehmed not to attack Transylvania, arguing that it had remained in the possession of the Sultan. Mehmed rejected negotiation proposals, led Ottoman forces into Transylvania and soon captured 16 cities, including Bečejmarker, Bečkerekmarker, Cenadmarker and Linova. Đorđe Utješenović responded by raising a rebellion in Transylvania, mustering one soldier from every household. Mehmed had to fall back and once again laid siege to Temišvarmarker on 14 October with the main part of his army and 50 cannons. Mehmed demanded surrender, but the city's commander (Stevan Loshonci) replied with a recommendation for Mehmed's return to Rumelia. According to folklore, Mehmed then said:

Prije će, dakle, laki jelen u vazduhu pasti
I more gole ribe na obali ostaviti.


Mehmed besieged the city until 28 October but could not seize it. Retreating to Belgrademarker, he initiated peace negotiations with the Monk-Viceroy. Đorđe Utješenović was assassinated on 17 December 1551, and peace talks ended. Sokollu Mehmed Pasha renewed his military campaign in 1552, seizing Temišvarmarker, Hollakö, Bujak, Ságh, Gürmath, the whole of Banat and Szolnak. Mehmed Pasha's forces then joined with those of Ahmet Pasha advancing towards Egermarker. Mehmed's army assembled on the Hill of Egid but could not take the city itself.

In 1553, Sultan Suleyman declared war on Persiamarker, when the Persian Shah Tahmasp wanted to take advantage of the Sultan's preoccupation with Hungary and started making armed incursions against Ottoman areas. Sokollu Mehmed Pasha was dispatched to spend the winter of 1553/1554 in Tokatmarker to take charge of the war against Persia. In June 1554, Sokollu Mehmed Pasha with the Rumeli (European) levies joined the army of the Sultan in the field near Susehrimarker. He and the Rumeli contingent showed great successes in this campaign of Sultan Suleyman (called the Nakhchevan Campaign by the Turkish historians).

Vizier

Third Vizier

Impressed by Sokollu Mehmed Pasha, the Sultan made him the Third Vizier in 1555 and he was given a place in the Imperial Council. His position as Governor-General of Rumelia was given to a Herzegovinian Janissary aga, Pertev Pasha, Mehmed's companion while they had served under Iskender Chelebi.

Almost immediately Sokollu Mehmed Pasha had to quell a rebellion around Balkans and Salonicamarker. The rebellion was raised by Mustafa Bey, who pretended to be the Sultan's late son Mustafa. Sokollu Mehmed Pasha took 4,000 horsemen and 3,000 janissaries and quelled the rebellion. Mustafa Bey was hanged.

Mehmed's brother, Topuzli-Makarije, was an of the Serb Chilandarmarker on Athos. Makarije Sokolović paid a visit to his brother's palace in Istanbulmarker in 1557. Mehmed discussed with his brother the possibilities of renewing the Serbian Orthodox Church. Later that same year, Mehmed Pasha issued an edict (Ferman) declaring the restoration of the Pećmarker Patriarchate, with Makarije Sokolović as Patriarch Makarije I. The edict also guaranteed the rights and religious freedom of all inhabitants of the Ottoman Empire.

When the former Grand Vizier Ahmet Pasha was deposed and hanged, he was replaced by Rüstem Pasha, who had numerous enemies. One of them was Lala Mustafa who instigated the Sultan's third son, Bayezid, then Beylerbey of Karamanmarker, to raise a rebellion against his brother Selim, who was to inherit the Imperial throne. Sokollu Mehmed mustered an army and went to Konyamarker, where he defeated Bayezid's forces decisively in May 1559. Bayezid fled to Persiamarker. Mehmed Pasha remained in Asia and spent the winter negotiating with the Persian Shah regarding Bayezid's extradition. After long negotiations, the Shah extradited Bayezid and his four sons, who were subsequently executed.

Second Vizier

Grand Vizier Rustem Pasha died in 1561. He was succeeded by the Second Vizier, Semiz Ali Pasha. Sokollu Mehmed Pasha in turn became Second Vizier, while Pertev Pasha became Third Vizier.

Sokollu Mehmed Pasha married Sultan Suleyman's granddaughter – Prince Selim II's daughter, Ismihan Sultan (some sources read her name as Esma Han Sultan) on 17 August 1562. Mehmed spent the following years in peace, governing and administrating the realm.

In 1564, Mehmed's nephew, Sokollu Mustafa Bey, became Viceroy of Bosnia.

Grand Vizier

In June 1565, Grand Vizier Semiz Ali Pasha died. Sultan Suleyman had much confidence in Sokollu Mehmed Pasha and promoted him to this position.

War with the Habsburgs

At the end of 1565 and the beginning of 1566, tensions between the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II and Sultan Suleyman grew. Maximilian wanted the cities previously taken by Gazi Hasan Pasha Predojević restored to him. When negotiations failed, Maximilian declared war. Grand Vizier Sokollu Mehmed Pasha ordered his nephew, Sokollu Mustafa Beg of Bosnia, to advance against Maximilian. Mustafa managed to capture the cities of Krupa and Dvor na Unimarker. The Sultan immediately declared war against the Holy Roman Empire, and Grand Vizier Mehmed began the preparations for the army's advance. Mehmed went ahead, preparing for the arrival of the Sultan, who was leading the main part of the Ottoman forces. After 50 days, they arrived in Belgrademarker.

Passing through Zemunmarker, one part of the army crossed Varaždinmarker and struck Egar before proceeding towards Viennamarker. The Croatian nobleman and general in service of Habsburg Monarchy Nikola Šubić Zrinski (Miklós Zrínyi), a member of the Zrinski noble family, had defeated Sanjak Bey Tirhal Mohammed, executing him and his son, and capturing 17,000 ducats. This incurred the Sultan's wrath, and he dispatched Mehmet's forces to besiege Szigetvármarker. The Sultan remained in Harsang. Budin's commander Arslan Pasha lost the cities of Palotamarker, Veszprémmarker and Tata. The Sultan sent a platoon of 15 troopers to bring him Arslan Pasha's head, but Arslan had already left his forces three days earlier and was on his way to the Sultan. The Sultan showed Mehmed a letter in which Arslan had insulted Mehmed. On 3 August, Arslan reported to Mehmed's tent with 15 heavily armed horsemen. Sokollu Mehmed criticized Arslan for his conduct, accused him of treason and stripped him of his post, giving it instead to the Bosnian Governor-General, Sokollu Mustafa Bey. The Sultan finally arrived with Mehmed's sons, Kurt Bey and Hasan Bey, at Pécsmarker. Finally, the large Ottoman force laid siege to Battle of Szigetvármarker. It numbered 90,000 soldiers and 300 cannons. Szigetvár fell after a long siege. Sultan Suleiman died before this and Nikola Zrinyi was executed after the takeover of the city.

Sokollu Mehmed Pasha had all witnesses to the Sultan's death executed. He announced that Suleyman was too sick to perform his duties and that he would be healing in Szigetvár, while Mehmed would be acting on his behalf. Mehmed rewarded those involved in the capture of Szigetvár and increased the soldiers' wages. He sent a part of the army to capture Bobovac. The Tartars, however, spread the news of the Sultan's death, and Sokullu Mustafa Bey wrote to Prince Selim about his father's death. Selim marched immediately towards Sremmarker. Upon his arrival in Vukovarmarker, Mehmed Pasha wrote him that it would be best if he went to Belgrade to greet his army for a more formal and effective take-over of the Empire. Selim returned to Belgrade, and Mehmed ordered the army to march towards Belgrade. 40 days after the Sultan's death, in October 1566, the army set out for Belgrade. At the fourth stop on the way to Belgrade, 48 days after Suleyman's death, Mehmed announced the Sultan's death ceremonially, during the traditional reading of the Koran. Mehmed had Suleyman's body embalmed and ordered the army to proceed to meet the new Sultan in Belgrade. After three marches, the Army arrived to Sremska Mitrovicamarker. Mehmed reminded Selim II to send gifts to the Viziers, Pashas and the army, but Selim's advisors convinced the new Sultan not to do so. Sokollu Mehmed Pasha went to Belgrade and swore allegiance to Selim II as his Sultan, and Selim confirmed him as his Grand Vizier.

Expecting a mutiny among the military, Mehmed Pasha had Suleyman's body sent to Istanbul to restore order amongst the janissaries and other officials, who now demanded more compensation for their past efforts. In Belgrade, Sultan Selim II called a council, as even some of his closest officials were openly mocking him. Mehmed Pasha assured him that he would manage everything effectively, and dispatched gifts to the military ranks, rewarding them handsomely to regain their loyalty.

On the 5th day of their stay in Belgrade, the Sultan, Sokollu Mehmed Pasha and the army departed for Istanbul. Before they managed to return to the Empire's capital, a mutiny broke out and the road to the city was blocked. Sokollu Mehmed Pasha and Ahmed Pasha had to bribe their way into the city. Order was restored after Mehmed convinced the Sultan to promise to send handsome gifts and higher wages to the janissaries. The next morning, each janissary was given standard pay of 40 ducats and an additional 20 ducats as an accession bonus. Soon, other branches of the military, spahies and mercenaries, demanded higher wages as well. Mehmed arrested and replaced their aga at once, finally stopping all dissent.

Two years after Selim's accession, on 17 February 1568, Sokollu Mehmed Pasha succeeded in concluding at Istanbulmarker a peace treaty with Emperor Maximilian II, whereby the Emperor agreed to pay an annual "tribute" of 30,000 ducats.

Wars with Russia, Venice and the Holy League

Mehmed Pasha had little success against Russiamarker, and the first encounter between the Ottoman Empire and her future northern rival presaged the disaster to come. A plan had been devised at Istanbul for connecting the Volga and Don by a canal, and in the summer of 1569 a large force of janissaries and cavalry was sent to lay siege to Astrakhanmarker and begin the canal works, while an Ottoman fleet besieged Azovmarker. However, a sortie of the garrison of Astrakhan drove back the besiegers. A Russianmarker army of 15,000 men attacked and scattered the workmen and the Tatar force sent for their protection, and the Ottoman fleet was destroyed by a storm . Early in 1570 the ambassadors of Ivan the Terrible concluded at Istanbul a treaty which restored friendly relations between the Sultan and the Tsar.

Selim II was a very weak ruler, and Grand Vizier Sokollu Mehmed Pasha held the real power in the administration, thanks to the reforms of Selim's predecessor, Suleyman the Magnificent. Although the government was weakening, Sokollu Mehmed Pasha managed to expand the borders of the Ottoman Empire greatly. In 1570 he dispatched Sinan Pasha to conquer Arabia. Sinan Pasha solemnly declared the reign of Sultan Selim II in Meccamarker upon finishing his military campaign in Hejaz and Yemenmarker.

In 1571-1572, on the order Mehmed's wife Ismihan Sultan (or Esma Han Sultan), the famous architect Sinan built the Sokollu Mehmed Pasha Mosque, which an authoritative guide to Istanbul states to be "The most beautiful of the smaller mosques in Istanbul, a minor masterpiece by Sinan".

During the rule of Sokollu Mehmed Pasha as Grand Vizier, the Ottoman navy and army took Cyprusmarker in 1571 from Venicemarker. The administration of Cyprus was given to Mehmed's old friend, the Arab Ahmed Pasha. The invasion of Cyprus led to the formation of a so-called Holy League, comprising the Pope, Spain with Naples and Sicily, the Republic of Venicemarker, Genoa, Tuscany, and the Maltese Knights. On 7 October 1571, the coalition's fleet under the command of Don Juan of Austria decisively defeated the Ottoman fleet under Müezzinzade Ali Pasha in the Battle of Lepantomarker.

Sokollu Mehmed Pasha immediately ensured that Piyale Pasha and Kilic Ali Pasha, the new Grand Admiral, were provided with all the necessary means and resources to rebuild the Empire's shattered fleet. By July 1572 the Ottoman fleet already numbered 250 fully-equipped warships "including eight of the largest capital ships ever seen in the Mediterranean" . It is reported in Turkish chronicles that Sokollu Mehmed Pasha had said to the Venetian Ambassador "By conquering Cyprus we have cut off one of your arms; at Inebahti by defeating our navy you have only shaved off our beard. However, you know that a cut-off arm cannot be replaced but shaved-off beard grows thicker." Indeed, the Holy League ships had to retire to ports and Ottoman naval supremacy in the Mediterranean was restored. The new Ottoman Navy that started a naval expedition in summer of 1573 under Kılıç Ali Pasha found no rivals in the Mediterranean and ravaged the coasts of Sicily and southern Italy and in 1574 it captured Tunismarker from the Hafsids, who for some time had been supported by Spanish troops, thus restoring Ottoman domination of Western Mediterranean.

In March 3, 1573, Venetian Republic signed a new peace treaty with Ottomans under Mehmed Pasha, thereby bringing the Holy League to an end, accepting the loss of Cyprus and increasing the tribute payments. He also extended for eight more years the peace treaty with the Holy Roman Empire and maintained good relations with Francemarker, Polandmarker and Russiamarker. He was preparing for a fresh attack on Venice when the Sultan's death on 12 December 1574 cut short his plans.

Last years

Sokollu Mehmed Pasha's wealth reached its peak around 1573. The worth of his personal property (cash, goods, accounts, objects) amounted to 18 million ducats. Mehmed received the standard Grand Vizier's wage of 20 ducats every day. His wealth increased greatly through gifts and taxes of Ottoman officials: anyone who became a Vizier had to pay Mehmed Pasha 50,000-60,000 ducats, and every Governor-General had to pay 15,000-20,000 or even sometimes 30,000-40,000 ducats upon ascending to office. The provincial governor of Egypt at Cairo alone dispatched 100,000 ducats to the Grand Vizier every year.

On 30 August 1574, Grand Vizier Sokollu Mehmed Pasha installed his nephew Antonije Sokolović, then the Metropolitan of Hum, as the new Orthodox Christian Archbishop of Ochrydmarker. On 23 October the same year, upon Peć Patriarch Makarije's death, Antonije became the new Serbian Orthodox Christian Patriarch of Pećmarker. Antonije died soon, in 1575, and was replaced by yet another one of Mehmed's nephews, Gerasim Sokolović.

When Sultan Selim II died, Sokollu Mehmed Pasha again kept this secret until the Selim's oldest son Murad arrived from Manisa. Mehmed Pasha bowed to the new Sultan, Murad III, and remained Grand Vizier. He now had to cope with the ascendancy of the political influences of Palace women, first with Sultan's mother Nurbanu Sultan and then his wife of Venetian origin, Safiye Sultan. Murad III gradually soured on Mehmed's overwhelming power within the Empire, and Mehmed's influence declined.

Sokollu Mehmed Pasha was involved in the Polishmarker Crown's succession disputes in 1576 and 1577, but this did not reach greater measures.

Sokollu Mehmed Pasha signed numerous treaties of friendship with Venice, Florencemarker, Spainmarker, Englandmarker and Switzerlandmarker. He also managed to force a number of European states to pay tribute. Austria paid 9,000 ducats; Transylvania 3,000; Wallachia 7,000; Moldavia 3,000. Eventually, even Venice had to pay him 4,000 ducats annually. This altogether gave him an annual income of 31,000 ducats in gold.

Sultan Murad III began to limit Sokollu Mehmed Pasha's powers by slowly removing his allies from high offices. Mehmed was known to be opposed to the war with Persia which started in 1578. The state secretary Feridun, Mehmed Pasha's veteran from the siege of Szigetvár, was sent to Belgrade, away from Istanbul. Mehmed's faithful Arab friend, the Governor-General of Cyprus, was lynched by mutinous soldiers. Mehmed's greatest rivals, Hamid Efendi and Piyale Pasha, arranged the execution of the Grand Vizier's protector, Michael Cantakuzines. On 10 October 1578, Sokollu Mustafa Bey, Mehmed Pasha's nephew and Governor-General of Budin, was assassinated. On the anniversary of this day, on 10 October 1579, Sokollu Mehmed Pasha had his servant Hasan Bey read to him about the Battle of Kosovo.

The next day, on 11 October, a mentally unstable dervish demanded to see the Grand Vizier. Sokollu Mehmed Pasha allowed the dervish to enter his quarters, whereupon the dervish took out a knife and stabbed the Grand Vizier. After three hours, Sokollu Mehmed Pasha died. There are some who claim that the assassin was a janissary in disguise in employment of Safiye Sultan, the wife of Murad III.

He is buried at his complex, Sokollu Mehmed Pasha Külliyesi at the back of Eyüp Mosquemarker, in Istanbul, at the Sokollu Mehmed Pasha Türbe built by famous architect Sinan for him c.1572. His wife Ismihan (or Esma Han) is buried near him and in the little garden of the Türbe are buried the family and descendants of Sokollu Mehmed Pasha. After his death, the religious freedom which he gave to the inhabitants of the Ottoman Empire was re-guaranteed.

Heritage and legacy

Sokollu Mehmed Pasha has left numerous architecturally well known buildings in Istanbul and in Ottoman lands of his day. A few of the most noteworthy can be cited here.

Sokollu Mehmed Pasha Mosque and the complex built at Kadirga district of Istanbul by architect Sinan is considered to be the most beautiful of the smaller mosques in Istanbul. It is well known for unusually fine ordering of medrese (cells and lecture hall) over the entry stairs; for its lofty elegant interior; the first (but then well-copied) hooded fountain; ogival arches of the arcades; but above all the fine and well deservedly famed Iznik tiles. In Istanbul at Azapkapi district he also has another mosque, also known as the Azapkapi Mosque, built by Sinan in 1577-1578, which is called most important Ottoman monument in Galata. In Eyub district of Istanbul, there is the Sokollu Mehmed Pasha Kulliyesi again built by Sinan c.1572, which is a complex including a medrese, a school and his tomb. On the main highway between the two Ottoman capitals of Istanbul and Edirne, at Luleburgaz there is well-known Sokollu Mehmed Pasha Complex of a caravanserai, bathhouse, mosque, medrese, a school, market streets and private apartments for Sultan's use (when it became a palace) built in 1549 and extended at 1569, both times by Sinan. He has further complexes built at Havsa, a city on the Istnabul-Edirne highway and in Payas, in southern Turkey near Antakya. Again, built by Sinan and known by the name of Sokollu Mehmed Pasha are the bridges at Alpullu, Luleburgaz and Corlu. There are in Havsa, Yesildirek (Istanbul), Edirne and Luleburgaz public bathhouses that were built by Sinan in the name Sokollu Mehmed Pasha.

Sokullu Mehmed Pasha is also remembered by South Slavic peoples for his architectural endowments in the area. He renewed the Serbian Orthodox Church in the Pećmarker Patriarchate during his tenure as third vizier and member of the imperial council in 1557 and instantiated his relative Makarije Sokolović, as a Patriarch of Serbia.

His most renowned endowment is an eleven-arched bridge in his home town Višegradmarker. Building and history of the Višegrad bridgemarker is the topic of the world wide novel book written by self-identified as Serbian in adutlhood / Croatian in childhood / Bosniamarker-born writer Ivo Andrić - The Bridge on the Drina (Serbian: Na Drini ćuprija - На Дрини ћуприја), for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize for literary achievements. His life also interested Meša Selimović. There were numerous Serbian, Croatian and Bosnian legends on the bridge's construction. According to one, Mehmed Pasha built the bridge in his son's name. Another is present through Ivo Andrić's "Bridge on the Drina". It tells the tale of Rade the Architect who built the bridge.

In his native village of Sokolovići he has built a mosque, meqteb, musafirhana and plumbing(? bathhouse); today, only the plumbing(?) remains. His foundations are spread over Edirnemarker, Halepmarker, Medinamarker, Bečkerekmarker, Belgrademarker and alongside Bosnia, where he is especially remembered for his bridges. Meccamarker and Istanbulmarker contained numerous mosques alone. Apart from the Višegrad bridge, Arslanagić bridge in Trebinjemarker, Vizier's bridge in Podgoricamarker, the bridge on Žepamarker and Kozja ćuprija in Sarajevomarker are attributed to his name. Between Višegradmarker and Sarajevomarker, on Glasinac, he built a Road of four paces and a castle. Of the castle, only a drinking-fountain remained – the Mehmed Sokolović's han.

Every summer in the palace in Istanbulmarker, Mehmed Pasha prepared the choire's performations .

Mehmed Pasha's life became the subject of numerous Serbian and Islamic legends, poems and tales.

References and notes



External links




Embed code:
Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message