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The Solon Fine Arts Center
Solon City Hall


Solon is a city in Cuyahoga Countymarker, Ohiomarker, and is an affluent suburb of Clevelandmarker in the Northeast Ohio Region, the 14th largest Combined Statistical Area in the United Statesmarker. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 21,802. In 2009, the city was listed by Money as 23rd in its list of "Best Places to Live.".

History

In 1820, the first settlers arrived from Connecticutmarker to live in part of the Connecticut Western Reserve. The township was named after Lorenzo Solon Bull, who was the son of Isaac Bull, one of the first settlers. Purportedly, the selection of young Lorenzo's middle name was due to its derivation from the father of democracy, Solon, the famous Athenianmarker lawmaker of Ancient Greece.

The early settlers faced challenges common to pioneers, but in Solon, drainage and wetlands issues complicated settlement and agriculture. Overcoming these obstacles, Solon Township became an arable farming area, producing corn and wheat crops and supporting dairy farms (including 5 cheese factories). By 1850, the population of Solon Township reached 1,034.

Due to nearby Cleveland's position as a national hub of the railroad industry, rail also contributed greatly to Solon's growth. In 1857, the Cleveland-Youngstownmarker section of the Cleveland and Mahoning Railroad established a line running through Solon.

Laid out in a traditional New Englandmarker plan, Solon, like many of the neighboring townships, established a public square in its town center. In conjunction with townships to the north, a north-south corridor was established through the town centers of Solon, Orangemarker, and Mayfieldmarker townships (from south to north, respectively) and, accordingly, was named SOM Center Road (now Ohio 91). Solon Township included the current municipalities of the City of Solon and the villages of Bentleyvillemarker and Glenwillowmarker. In 1917, Solon was incorporated as a village and later became a city in 1961, operated under the mayor-council form of government.

Solon was one of the first cities to use a comprehensive zoning plan and has been able to achieve a strong industrial base, while insulating its bedroom communities from industrial activities. Further, the city has primarily concentrated its commercial and retail districts in the town center, making them convenient to all residents. In addition to its planned use for corporate and residential areas, Solon has of city parks and recreational area, of Cleveland Metroparks (the South Chagrin Reservation) and 3 golf courses within its borders. In 1991, the extension of a divided highway, US 422, was completed as an east-west corridor just north of its town center. US 422 enables easy access to many points throughout Northeast Ohio, providing a corridor extending from Cleveland through Solon and beyond Warrenmarker into Pennsylvaniamarker.

From 1960 to 1970, the city's population almost doubled from 6,333 to 11,519. Reaching 14,341 in 1980, Solon experienced another significant growth spurt, increasing its population by 50% as of 2000.

Economy

In 1929, the Bready Cultimotor tractor company became the first industrial company to locate in Solon. Since then, Solon has served as home to many multi-national companies, including several global and North American headquarters. Accordingly, Solon is considered a satellite city, which is defined as a suburban community containing an employment base sufficient to support its residential population (even though the community is integrated through cross-commuting in a much larger metropolitan area).

Today, according to city government authorities, Solon has major clusters of businesses in five manufacturing industries: 1) electronic and electrical equipment, 2) industrial and commercial machinery, 3) measuring and controlling devices and instruments, 4) chemicals and allied products, and 5) fabricated metal products. Over 8,000, or 75%, of Solon’s 10,700 manufacturing jobs are concentrated in these five industry sectors.

Major employers include: Nestlé Prepared Foods (headquarters of Stouffer Foods), Swagelok, Erico Products, Signature of Solon, Keithley Instruments, Agilysys, Arrow Electronics, and L'Oréal Products (through acquisition of the headquarters of Matrix Essentials hair products). Other well-known businesses include: the Cleveland Clinicmarker, King Nut Company, the Davis Automotive Group (consisting of BMW, Jaguar, and Land Rover franchises), and a branch of Cleveland State Universitymarker.

Schools

As of 2005, the school district had an 11.9 student-teacher ratio. Solon achieved a rating of 108.6 on the Ohio state performance index in 2007, the second-highest in the state. In 2001, Newsweek named the Solon Schools as one of the top 75 school systems in the nation.

In 2007, the United States Department of Education named Parkside Elementary School in Solon as a No Child Left Behind Blue Ribbon School. Parkside is one of only 18 Ohio schools and 287 schools nationwide to receive this national recognition for the high levels of student achievement in the school. Arthur Road Elementary School also earned this designation in 2005.

Geography

Solon is located at (41.389871, -81.442330) .

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.6 square miles (53.3 km²), of which, 20.5 square miles (53.2 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.19%) is water.

Solon is located from Cleveland in the southeast corner of Cuyahoga County, adjacent to three other counties: Geaugamarker, Portagemarker and Summitmarker Counties (clockwise from east to south).

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 21,802 people, 7,554 households, and 6,171 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,060.8 people per square mile (409.6/km²). There were 7,801 housing units at an average density of 379.6/sq mi (146.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 87.79% White, 6.12% African American, 0.04% Native American, 4.91% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.17% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.70% of the population.

There were 7,554 households out of which 44.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.8% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.3% were non-families. 15.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.26.

In the city, the population was spread out with 30.5% under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 27.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.9 males.

According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $94,369, and the median income for a family was $110,125. Males had a median income of $66,484 versus $37,491 for females. The per capita income for the city was $35,394. About 2.0% of families and 2.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.9% of those under age 18 and 3.5% of those age 65 or over.

Recycling Program

Solon has a very active recycling program. During regular rubbish days, they pick up recyclables such as paper, plastics (from 1 through 7), tin, and glass. On every full day of the week, they pick up computers, auto batteries, heavy steel (license plates, bed frames etc.), carpet padding, propane cylinders, fire extinguishers, liquids and solids such as paints, oil, household hazardous waste, pool chemicals, fertilizers, etc. The city also has a composting program. They collect leaves, grass clippings, etc. and they turn it into compost that is then given back to the citizens at a nominal cost, currently $1.00 per bag.

Notable natives and residents



References

  1. [1]
  2. History of Solon, Ohio Home Page!, The Solon Advocate, 2007. Accessed 2007-07-30.
  3. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=Search&geo_id=16000US3983622&_geoContext=01000US%7C04000US39%7C16000US3983622&_street=&_county=solon&_cityTown=solon&_state=04000US39&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=160&_submenuId=factsheet_1&ds_name=ACS_2007_3YR_SAFF&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null®=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry=
Ordinance Prohibits Interference In Solon Deer Shootings - News Story - WEWS Cleveland

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