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Solosmasthana are 16 sacred places in Sri Lankamarker, believed by Buddhists to have been hallowed by visits of Gautama Buddha. These places of worship are among the most important religious locations in Sri Lanka, and are located throughout the country. Ancient Buddhist and historical sources of Sri Lanka assert that the Buddha visited the country on three occasions. These three visits are given in some detail in the ancient chronicle Mahavamsa, which describes his journeys to eleven of the Solosmasthana. Other sources such as the Pujavaliya, Samantapasadika and Butsarana also mention these visits.

The first visit was made to Mahiyangana in the ninth month after the Buddha attained enlightenment. The Mahavamsa says that he conquered the yakshas there and sent them to an island named Giri, thereby setting the background for the establishment of Buddhism in the country later on, where the Buddha knew that the dharma would prevail "in all its glory". The Buddha's second visit to Sri Lanka was made to Nagadipa in the fifth year after attaining enlightenment, where he settled a dispute between Naga kings Chulodara and Mahodara regarding a jeweled chair. In the eighth year after enlightenment, the Buddha made his third and final visit to the country accompanied by 500 bhikkhus. This visit was to Kelaniya and was due to an invitation by a Naga king named Maniakkika, who had asked the Buddha to come to his kingdom during the previous visit. After a discourse on Dharma at Maniakkika's abode, the Mahavamsa records that the Buddha visited Samantakutamarker, Diva Guhava, Dighavapi, and the places where the Jaya Sri Maha Bodhimarker, Ruwanwelisayamarker, Thuparamayamarker and Sela Cetiya now stand. The Samantapasadika mentions that the Buddha also visited Muthiyangana during this visit. It is possible that the other sites may have been included in Solosmasthana because of the monumental stupas built by Buddhist kings at these locations.

With the decline of the ancient kingdoms of Anuradhapuramarker and Polonnaruwa, most of the Solosmasthana were abandoned. It was not until the 20th century that all of them received the attention of the Sangha and Buddhists in the country and were renovated. A Pali gatha, praising the Solosmasthana, is in use among Buddhists. This gatha, which lists all of the Solosmasthana, is recited especially when making offerings to the Buddha.

Place Pali name Built by Reference
Mahiyangana Mahiyanganam Saman, a local chieftain and later a Buddhist deity
Nagadipa Nagadipam Naga kings Chulodara and Mahodara
Kelaniya Kalyanam Naga king Maniakkika
Sri Padamarker Padalancanam
Diva Guhava Divaguham
Dighavapi Dighavapi Saddha Tissa
Muthiyangana Cetiyanca Mutiyanganam Indika, a local chieftain and later a Buddhist deity
Tissamaharama Tissa Mahaviharanca Kavan Tissa
Jaya Sri Maha Bodhimarker Bodhinn Planted during the reign of Devanampiya Tissa
Mirisavetiya Maricavattiyam Dutthagamani
Ruwanwelisayamarker Suvarnamali Maha Ceti Dutthagamani
Thuparamayamarker Tuparama Devanampiya Tissa
Abhayagiriya Bhayagirim Valagamba
Jetavanaramayamarker Jetavanam Mahasena
Sela Cetiya Sela Caitiyam Lanja Tissa
Kiri Vehera Thathakacaragamakam Parakramabahu I/ Mahasena


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