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This article is about the province. For the city, see Sorsogon Citymarker and for the bay, see Sorsogon Bay.


Sorsogon is a province of the Philippinesmarker located in the Bicolmarker Region; it is the southernmost province in Luzonmarker and is subdivided into fourteen municipalities (towns) and one city. Its capital is Sorsogon Citymarker (formerly the towns of Sorsogon and Bacon) and borders the province of Albaymarker to the north. Sorsogon is at the tip of the Bicol Peninsula and faces the island of Samarmarker to the southeast across the San Bernardino Straitmarker and Ticao Islandmarker to the southwest.

Geography

Sorsogon, at the southeastern part of the Bicol Peninsula, is bounded on the north by the province of Albaymarker, on the east by the Philippine Seamarker, on the south by the San Bernardino Straitmarker, and on the west and northwest by the Ticaomarker and Buriasmarker Passes. It has a total land area of 2,119 km2.

It is characterized by an irregular topography, and, except for landlocked Irosinmarker, all the towns lie along the coast. They are all connected by concrete and asphalt roads. Mountains sprawl over the northeast, southeast and west portions. Mt.marker Bulusanmarker, the tallest peak, rises 1,560 meters above sea level.

Except for its overland link with the province of Albaymarker to the north, it is completely surrounded by water. Sorsogon is the gateway of Luzonmarker to the Visayasmarker and Mindanaomarker through its roll-on, roll-off ferry terminal facilities located in the municipalities of Matnog,Pilar and Bulan.

Economy

The province's economic activity is highly concentrated in its capital city, Sorsogon Citymarker, and the towns of Bulanmarker, Irosin, Gubat, and Matnogmarker as well. Sorsogon Provincemarker is classified as 2nd class with an average annual income of Php 339.4M (C.Ys. 2000-2003). This is about Php11M short for the province to attain 1st class reclassification which requires at least Php 350M average annual income.

The Province of Sorsogon indeed had a great contribution on the 97-percent growth in investments for the first quarter of 2008 and increasing tourism arrivals that buoyed the Bicol Regionmarker economy, despite the damage brought about by incessant rains and a rice shortage. This is according to the Quarterly Regional Economic Situationer (QRES) released by the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) Regional Office in Bicol (NRO 5).

Among the provinces, Sorsogon posted the highest growth (293% respectively) in investments from the previous year. Next to Sorsogon is Catanduanesmarker that posted a growth of 280%. Albaymarker contributed 39 percent to the region's investments and posted a growth of 221% from the preceding quarter.

“For the third time, Bicol Regionmarker hosted the kick-off of Asia's premier extreme sailing event, the Philippine Hobie Challenge last February 16 at Gubat, Sorsogonmarker. This 260-mile journey from Gubat-Sambuyan-Bacsal-Marambut-Suluan to Siargao enticed both local and foreign water sports enthusiasts. It opened the opportunity for the municipality of Gubat to showcase the town's best,” the QRES stated.

People and culture

Festivals

Most of the inhabitants of the province belong to the ethnolinguistic Bicolano and Bisakol groups. Sorsogon was once a part of Albay and once also included Masbate. Sorsogueños are very religious and funloving. Being mostly Roman Catholics, they are active in every festivity celebrated throughout the year. For instance, like any other Filipino ethnolinguistic groups, they celebrate the fiesta of the Patron Saints Peter and Paul in Sorsogon city every June. Also, by the last week of October, the Kasangayahan festival is celebrated in the whole province. In the midst of the latter festivity are featured also painting sessions and myriads of botanical shows. Most of the people will hang out in carnivals and concerts. Another occasion is the pili festival, which includes street dancing by locals donning pili nut costumes, cooking competitions, fireworks displays, and even a nutcracking session along the road by the locals. Every barang

Minorities

Minorities include Muslim immigrants from Mindanaomarker, who engage in street vending and small shop businesses. A mosque is situated inside Sitio Bolangan on the outskirts of the city. A significant small Chinese population are owners of hardware stores and commodity shops and dwell in the business center. Indian communities are also present and are Hindus. They are typically known to engage in money lending businesses—colloquially called "five-six".

Education and language

Education is highly valued as an investment for the future, as illustrated by the many state and private schools and colleges which dot the province. Almost all people understand Tagalog and Bicolano. The local language spoken by Sorsogueños varies from district to municipalities. To illusrate, the form of Bisakol (called Waray Sorsogon) spoken in Barcelona, Gubat, Irosin, Sta. Magdalena, Matnog and Bulusan slightly differs from the form (called Masbate Sorsogon) spoken in the city of Sorsogon and the municipalities of Magallanes, Juban and Casiguran. North of Sorsogon City, in Castilla, Pilar and Bacon (merged with Sorsogon city; see History), a form of Bikol is spoken. Also a different form of Bikol called Miraya similar to that of Daraga, Albay, is spoken in Donsol and some parts of Pilar. The former municipalities mentioned use words and intonations from Visayan languages such as Waray-Waray, Cebuano and Ilonggo, and Bisakol is considered a Warayan language like Waray-Waray of Samar and Leyte. English is also understood by most educated people. It is used in all government documents, schools, and in business. This language has also become increasingly important as businesses such as call centers and medical transcription require prospective applicants to be proficient in it.

Political

Sorsogon is subdivided into 14 municipalities and 1 city. Albay Gulf lies to the north, Ticao Pass between Sorsogon and Ticao Islandmarker, and San Bernardino Straitmarker in the south.



City/Municipality No. of
Barangays
Area
(km²)
Population
(2000)
Mayor

Barcelonamarker
25
12,304
Ronnie Salvador N.
Estuye
Bulanmarker
63
82,688
Helen C.
De Castro
Bulusanmarker
24
20,469
Juan Guysayko
Casiguranmarker
25
28,057
Ma.
Ester A.
Hamor
Castillamarker
34
45,072
Olivia M.
Bermillo
Donsolmarker
51
39,995
Jerome F.
Alcantara
Gubatmarker
42
52,707
Deogracias B.
Ramos, Jr.
Irosinmarker
28
45,507
Ma.
Lilia B.
Gonzales
Jubanmarker
25
26,848
Ma.
Theresa G.
Fragata
Magallanesmarker
34
31,315
Abelardo L.
Arambulo, Sr.
Matnogmarker
40
32,712
Guillermo G.
So
Pilarmarker
49
57,898
Dennis A.
Sy-Reyes
Prieto Diazmarker
23
18,925
Benito L.
Doma
Santa Magdalenamarker
14
14,623
Amadeo F.
Gallanosa
Sorsogon Citymarker
64
151,454
Leovic R.
Dioneda


Post 1986 people power uprising

In 2000, the municipalities of Bacon and Sorsogon was merged to create Sorsogon Citymarker.

References

  1. Philippine Hobie Challenge Wiki.Alumni.NET, Accessed August 2008.
  2. NSCB - 2001 Factsheet - 12 New Cities Created, July-December 2000.


External links




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