Sorsogon is a province of the Philippines located in the Bicol Region; it is the southernmost
province in Luzon and is
subdivided into fourteen municipalities (towns) and one
city. Its capital is Sorsogon City (formerly the towns of Sorsogon and Bacon) and
borders the province of Albay to the
north. Sorsogon is at the tip of the Bicol Peninsula and faces the island of
Samar to the
southeast across the San Bernardino Strait and Ticao
Island to the southwest.
- This article is about the province. For the city, see
City and for the bay, see Sorsogon Bay.
at the southeastern part of the Bicol
Peninsula, is bounded on the north by the province of Albay, on the east
by the Philippine
Sea, on the south by the San Bernardino
Strait, and on the west and northwest by the Ticao and Burias
It has a total land area of
characterized by an irregular topography, and, except for
landlocked Irosin, all the
towns lie along the coast.
They are all connected by
concrete and asphalt roads. Mountains sprawl over the northeast,
southeast and west portions. Mt.
Bulusan, the tallest peak, rises 1,560 meters above sea
its overland link with the province of Albay to the
north, it is completely surrounded by water. Sorsogon is the
gateway of Luzon to the
Visayas and Mindanao through its roll-on, roll-off ferry terminal
facilities located in the municipalities of Matnog,Pilar and Bulan.
province's economic activity is highly concentrated in its capital
City, and the towns of Bulan, Irosin,
Gubat, and Matnog as
well. Sorsogon Province is classified as 2nd class with an average annual
income of Php 339.4M (C.Ys.
2000-2003). This is about Php11M
short for the province to attain 1st class reclassification which
requires at least Php 350M average annual income.
Province of Sorsogon indeed had a great
contribution on the 97-percent growth in investments for the first
quarter of 2008 and increasing tourism arrivals that buoyed the
Region economy, despite the damage brought about by
incessant rains and a rice shortage.
This is according to
the Quarterly Regional Economic Situationer
released by the National Economic
and Development Authority
(NEDA) Regional Office in Bicol (NRO 5)
Among the provinces, Sorsogon posted the highest growth (293%
respectively) in investments from the previous year. Next to Sorsogon is
Catanduanes that posted a growth of 280%. Albay contributed
39 percent to the region's investments and posted a growth of 221%
from the preceding quarter.
third time, Bicol
Region hosted the kick-off of Asia's premier extreme
sailing event, the Philippine Hobie Challenge last
February 16 at Gubat,
260-mile journey from
enticed both local and foreign water sports enthusiasts. It opened
the opportunity for the municipality of Gubat to showcase the
town's best,” the QRES stated.
People and culture
Most of the inhabitants of the province belong to the
groups. Sorsogon was once a part of Albay
and once also included Masbate. Sorsogueños are very religious and
funloving. Being mostly Roman
, they are active in every festivity celebrated
throughout the year. For instance, like any other Filipino
ethnolinguistic groups, they celebrate the fiesta of the Patron
in Sorsogon city every June. Also, by
the last week of October, the Kasangayahan festival is celebrated
in the whole province. In the midst of the latter festivity are
featured also painting sessions and myriads of botanical shows.
Most of the people will hang out in carnivals and concerts. Another
occasion is the pili festival, which includes street dancing by
locals donning pili nut costumes, cooking competitions, fireworks
displays, and even a nutcracking session along the road by the
locals. Every barang
Minorities include Muslim immigrants from Mindanao, who engage in street vending and small shop
inside Sitio Bolangan on the outskirts of the city. A significant
small Chinese population are owners of hardware stores and
commodity shops and dwell in the business center. Indian
communities are also present and are Hindus
They are typically known to engage in money lending
businesses—colloquially called "five-six".
Education and language
Education is highly valued as an investment for the future, as
illustrated by the many state and private schools and colleges
which dot the province. Almost all people understand Tagalog
. The local language spoken by
Sorsogueños varies from district to municipalities. To illusrate,
the form of Bisakol
(called Waray Sorsogon)
spoken in Barcelona, Gubat, Irosin, Sta. Magdalena, Matnog and
Bulusan slightly differs from the form (called Masbate Sorsogon)
spoken in the city of Sorsogon and the municipalities of
Magallanes, Juban and Casiguran. North of Sorsogon City, in
Castilla, Pilar and Bacon (merged with Sorsogon city; see History),
a form of Bikol
is spoken. Also a
different form of Bikol
similar to that of Daraga, Albay, is spoken in
Donsol and some parts of Pilar. The former municipalities mentioned
use words and intonations from Visayan
such as Waray-Waray
Bisakol is considered a Warayan language like Waray-Waray of Samar
and Leyte. English
understood by most educated people. It is used in all government
documents, schools, and in business. This language has also become
increasingly important as businesses such as call centers
and medical transcription
prospective applicants to be proficient in it.
Sorsogon is subdivided into 14 municipalities
and 1 city
. Albay Gulf lies to the north, Ticao Pass between Sorsogon and Ticao Island, and San Bernardino Strait in the south.
Ronnie Salvador N.
Post 1986 people power uprising
the municipalities of Bacon and Sorsogon was merged to create
- Philippine Hobie Challenge Wiki.Alumni.NET,
Accessed August 2008.
- NSCB - 2001 Factsheet - 12 New Cities Created,