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The South Atlantic League, or "Sally League," is a minor league baseball league which operates mostly in the southeastern United States, although it has a team in New Jerseymarker, and also had a team in the Cleveland area from 2003 through 2009. It is a Class A league that plays a full season; its players are typically a mixture of newly-signed draftees (especially late in the season) and players promoted from rookie leagues.


There have been different South Atlantic Leagues in the history of minor league baseball, spanning from 1904 to the present with a few breaks. The Sally ran from 1904-1917 as a class C league, then started up again in 1919, also class C. This time it ran from 1919-1930, moving up to class B beginning in 1921. William G. Bramham became league president in mid-1924, and served until 1930. The Sally league was re-started again as a class B from 1936-1942, shut down for the war and returned in 1946 as a class A league. The AA Southern Association (which never integrated) died after the 1961 season and so the SAL was promoted to AA in 1963 to take its place; a year later the name was changed to the Southern League. Out of the 51 seasons of operation, Augusta, GAmarker competed in 46, Macon, GAmarker was around for 46, and Columbia, SCmarker was in 45. Charleston, SCmarker, Jacksonville, FLmarker, Savannah, GAmarker, and Columbus, GAmarker each competed for at least 29 years also, making for a relatively stable line-up.

The South Atlantic League name went unused for 16 years—in 1980 the Western Carolinas League brought back the name when it sought to change its identity. For nearly 60 years, 1948 through 2007, the dominant figure in the WCL/SAL was league founder and president John Henry Moss, who started the WCL as a young man in 1948, refounded it in 1960 and then led it into the new century. Moss retired at the close of the 2007 Sally League season. He died at age 90 on July 1, 2009, at Kings Mountain, North Carolinamarker — a town where he had also been mayor for 23 years.

In 2005, the SAL had the highest attendance in 101 years with over 3,541,992 fans (while minor league baseball set a second straight record with 41,333,279 attendees). Currently, the league has 14 teams, divided into two divisions of seven clubs.

Current teams

The league is divided into a Northern Division and a Southern Division.

Division Team MLB Affiliation City Stadium Capacity
Northern Delmarva Shorebirds Baltimore Orioles Salisburymarker, Marylandmarker Arthur W.marker Perdue Stadiummarker 5,200
Greensboro Grasshoppers Florida Marlins Greensboromarker, North Carolinamarker NewBridge Bank Parkmarker 7,499
Hagerstown Suns Washington Nationals Hagerstownmarker, Marylandmarker Municipal Stadiummarker 4,600
Hickory Crawdads Texas Rangers Hickorymarker, North Carolinamarker L.marker P.marker Frans Stadiummarker 5,092
Kannapolis Intimidators Chicago White Sox Kannapolismarker, North Carolinamarker Fieldcrest Cannon Stadiummarker 4,700
Lakewood BlueClaws Philadelphia Phillies Lakewoodmarker, New Jerseymarker FirstEnergy Parkmarker 6,588
West Virginia Power Pittsburgh Pirates Charlestonmarker, West Virginiamarker Appalachian Power Parkmarker 6,200
Southern Asheville Tourists Colorado Rockies Ashevillemarker, North Carolinamarker McCormick Fieldmarker 4,000
Augusta GreenJackets San Francisco Giants Augustamarker, Georgiamarker Lake Olmstead Stadiummarker 4,400
Charleston RiverDogs New York Yankees Charlestonmarker, South Carolinamarker Joseph P.marker Riley, Jr. Parkmarker 6,000
Greenville Drive Boston Red Sox Greenvillemarker, South Carolinamarker Fluor Field at the West Endmarker 6,000
Lexington Legends Houston Astros Lexingtonmarker, Kentuckymarker Applebee's Parkmarker 6,994
Rome Braves Atlanta Braves Romemarker, Georgiamarker State Mutual Stadiummarker 5,105
Savannah Sand Gnats New York Mets Savannahmarker, Georgiamarker Grayson Stadiummarker 5,000

Heritage: The former 'Sally League'

The current Class A South Atlantic League came into being in 1980 as the successor to the former Western Carolinas League.

The original SAL - often called the "Sally League" - was a higher-classification circuit that played from 1904-17, 1919-30, 1936-42 and 1946-63. The old Sally League grew from Class C status to class B (through 1942), then Class A (until 1962). In its final season, it was elevated to AA. The Sally League then morphed into the current AA Southern League in 1964 and the South Atlantic League name disappeared from the minor league baseball rolls through the end of the 1979 season.

South Atlantic League teams (1980–present)

Notes: Bold font indicates that team is an active South Atlantic League team • An "^" indicates that team's article redirects to an article of an active South Atlantic League team

League champions

Season SAL champion SAL runner-up Other postseason participants
1980 Greensboro Hornets Charleston Royals Gastonia Cardinals; Spartanburg Phillies
1981 Greensboro Hornets Greenwood Pirates
1982 Greensboro Hornets Florence Blue Jays Charleston Royals
1983 Gastonia Expos Columbia Mets
1984 Asheville Tourists Charleston Royals Greensboro Hornets; Savannah Cardinals
1985 Florence Blue Jays Greensboro Hornets Columbia Mets; Sumter Braves
1986 Columbia Mets Asheville Tourists
1987 Myrtle Beach Blue Jays Asheville Tourists
1988 Spartanburg Phillies Charleston Rainbows Greensboro Hornets; Myrtle Beach Blue Jays
1989 Augusta Pirates Gastonia Rangers Charleston Rainbows
1990 Charleston Wheelers Savannah Cardinals
1991 Columbia Mets Charleston Wheelers Macon Braves
1992 Myrtle Beach Hurricanes Charleston Wheelers Columbus RedStixx; Spartanburg Phillies
1993 Savannah Cardinals Greensboro Hornets Fayetteville Generals
1994 Savannah Cardinals Hagerstown Suns Columbus RedStixx; Hickory Crawdads
1995 Augusta GreenJackets Piedmont Phillies Asheville Tourists; Columbus RedStixx
1996 Savannah Sand Gnats Delmarva Shorebirds Asheville Tourists; Columbus RedStixx
1997 Delmarva Shorebirds Greensboro Bats Augusta GreenJackets; Cape Fear Crocs; Charleston Alley Cats;
Columbia Bombers; Hickory Crawdads; Macon Braves
1998 Columbia Bombers Greensboro Bats Augusta GreenJackets; Cape Fear Crocs; Delmarva Shorebirds;
Hagerstown Suns; Macon Braves; Piedmont Boll Weevils
1999 Augusta GreenJackets Cape Fear Crocs Columbia Bombers; Columbus RedStixx; Greensboro Bats;
Hagerstown Suns; Hickory Crawdads; Macon Braves
2000 Delmarva Shorebirds Columbus RedStixx Augusta GreenJackets; Piedmont Boll Weevils
2001 Asheville Tourists;
Lexington Legends
Note: SAL Championship Series cancelled;
Asheville and Lexington declared Co-Champions
Augusta GreenJackets; Hagerstown Suns
2002 Hickory Crawdads Columbus RedStixx Columbia Bombers; Delmarva Shorebirds
2003 Rome Braves Lake County Captains Hickory Crawdads; Lexington Legends
2004 Hickory Crawdads Capital City Bombers Charleston Alley Cats
2005 Kannapolis Intimidators Hagerstown Suns Charleston RiverDogs; Delmarva Shorebirds
2006 Lakewood BlueClaws Augusta GreenJackets Lexington Legends; Rome Braves
2007 Columbus Catfish West Virginia Power Augusta GreenJackets; Hickory Crawdads
2008 Augusta GreenJackets West Virginia Power Asheville Tourists; Lake County Captains
2009 Lakewood BlueClaws Greenville Drive Asheville Tourists; Kannapolis Intimidators

Notable alumni


  1. Baseball America, December 15, 2007

External links

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