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South Fremantle, Western Australia: Map

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South Fremantle is a suburb of Perth, Western Australiamarker, located within the City of Fremantle.

History

The first development in the area may have been when Richard Goldsmith Meares who established a lime burning kiln in 1831. Meares had arrived at the Swan River Colony with Thomas Peel in the previous year.

As the area was adjacent to the relatively safe harbour of Owen's Anchorage in Cockburn Sound, the area began to be used as an alternative destination point for ship arrivals.

In the late 1890s, a railway was built from Fremantle to Robb Jetty. At that time, an abattoir was built for slaughter of livestock arriving from the north-west of the state including the Kimberley Regionmarker. Livestock were unloaded from from the ships onto a jetty. Extensive pasturing for the animals as well as small market gardens were established in the region around the abattoir.
Area of the old marshalling yards.
The Coogeemarker Hotel was built in 1901 and in 1903 the railway was extended to Woodman Point. Commercial lime kilns were established during this period to provide for the construction boom and population growth which had been brought about by gold discoveries.

The area steadily became the centre of much of Perth's heavy industry and comprised the coal fired power station, railway marshalling yards, abattoir as well as numerous skin drying sheds. From the 1980s however, pressures brought on by demands for residential housing began a process of removal of the various facilities.

Railway marshalling yards
A large WAGR marshalling yard with signal box tower built in the 1960s during the standard gauge railway line project from Kalgoorliemarker to Leightonmarker

The yard was decommissioned in the Westrail era in the 1990s.

South Fremantle is also referred to as the Dirty South by local gang members.
Robb Jetty Abattoir
Closed in 1994 with the jetty itself dismantled in the 1960s. The chimney is the only remaining part of the large complex of buildings which included offices, holding yards, freezer and chiller facilities. The chimney is listed in the State Register of Heritage Places.

Power station
In September 1985, the South Fremantle Power Station closed after 34 years service and its four chimney stacks were demolished.

Cattle being unloaded from a ship at Robb Jetty in the 1920s.
Livestock were shipped from the Kimberleys.


References




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