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The Southeast Asian Games (also known as the SEA Games), is a biennial multi-sport event involving participants from the current 11 countries of Southeast Asia. The games is under regulation of the Southeast Asian Games Federation with supervision by the International Olympic Committeemarker (IOC) and the Olympic Council of Asia.

History

The Southeast Asian Games owes its origins to the Southeast Asian Peninsular Games or SEAP Games. On May 22, 1958, delegates from the countries in Southeast Asian peninsula attending the 3rd Asian Games in Tokyomarker, Japanmarker had a meeting and agreed to establish a sport organization. The SEAP Games was conceptualized by Laung Sukhumnaipradit, then Vice-President of the Thailand Olympic Committee. The proposed rationale was that a regional sports event will help promote cooperation, understanding and relations among countries in the Southeast Asian region.

Thailandmarker, Burmamarker (now Myanmarmarker), Malayamarker (now Malaysiamarker), Laosmarker, South Vietnam and Cambodiamarker (with Singaporemarker included thereafter) were the founding members. These countries agreed to hold the Games biannually. The SEAP Games Federation Committee was formed.

The first SEAP Games were held in Bangkokmarker from 12-17 December, 1959 comprising more than 527 athletes and officials from Thailand, Burma, Malaysia, Singapore, South Vietnam and Laos participating in 12 sports.

At the 8th SEAP Games in 1975, the SEAP Federation considered the inclusion of Indonesiamarker and the Philippinesmarker.The two countries were formally admitted in 1977, the same year when SEAP Federation changed their name to Southeast Asian Games Federation (SEAGF), and the games were known as the Southeast Asian Games. Bruneimarker was admitted at the 10th SEA Games in Jakartamarker, Indonesia, and East Timormarker at the 22nd SEA Games in Hanoimarker, Vietnam.

In December 2005, the Philippines hosted the Games for the third time, after 1981 and 1991 editions. With its 113 gold medals, it copped the over-all championship for the first time since it joined in 1977.

The 2007 Southeast Asian Games held in Thailand. The next host for the SEA Games is Laosmarker. It is Laosmarker' first time to host for the biannual games.

Participating Countries

Nation / IOCmarker Designation Debuted IOCmarker-Code Notes
1959
CAM
-
(IOC designation: Lao People's Democratic Republic)
1959
LAO
-
1959
MAS
-
1959
MYA
BIR 1948-1992
1959
SIN
-
1959
THA
-
(IOC designation: Viet Nam)
1959
VIE
-
(IOC designation: Brunei Darussalam)
1977
BRU
-
1977
INA
IHO 1952
FIFAmarker-code IDN
1977
PHI
-
2003
TLS
IOA 2000


Events

Events at the SEA Games. The 24th edition of the games will have the highest number of sporting events in the entire history of the SEAG, more events than the Asian Games and the Olympic Games.









¹ - not an official Olympic Sport

² - sport played only in the SEAG

³ - not a traditional Olympic nor SEAG Sport and introduced only by the host country.

° - a former official Olympic Sport, not applied in previous host countries and was introduced only by the host country.
ʰ - sport not played in the previous edition and was reintroduced by the host country.

Hosting tally

Country Event Hosted Year Hosted
6
1959, 1967, 1975, 1985, 1995, 2007
6
1965, 1971, 1977, 1989, 2001, 2015
3
1981, 1991, 2005, 2019
3
1979, 1987, 1997
3
1973, 1983, 1993
2
1961, 1969,
2
2003, 2023
2
1999, 2017
1
2009
¹
1
2021
-
-


¹ - Cambodiamarker was to host the 3rd Asiad but cancelled due to unsettling circumstances

Upcoming games after 2009 are not included.

Editions

Southeast Asian Peninsular Games

Year Games Host City Country Winner (gold) 2nd (gold) 3rd (gold)
1959 I Bangkokmarker (35) (11) (8)
1961 II Rangoonmarker (35) (21) (16)
1963 III Cambodiamarker CANCELLED
1965 III Kuala Lumpurmarker (38) (33) (18)
1967 IV Bangkokmarker (77) (28) (23)
1969 V Rangoonmarker (57) (32) (31)
1971 VI Kuala Lumpurmarker (44) (41) (32)
1973 VII Singaporemarker (47) (45) (30)
1975 VIII Bangkokmarker (80) (38) (28)


Gold medal tally

Winning tallies only includes the results from 1959 to 1975.

COUNTRY OVER-ALL CHAMPIONS 2nd GOLD 3rd GOLD
6 Times
2 Times
-
2 Times
1 Time
1 Time
-
3 Times
3 Times
-
2 Times
4 Times


Southeast Asian Games

The SEA Games Federation has named the host countries for three SEAG after the 2013 edition, although the host countries haven't yet decided on which locales will the games be held.

Year Games Host Cities Country Winner (gold) 2nd (gold) 3rd (gold)
19771 IX Kuala Lumpurmarker Malaysiamarker (62) (37) (31)
1979 X Jakartamarker Indonesia (92) (50) (26)
1981 XI Manilamarker Philippinesmarker (85) (62) (55)
1983 XII Singaporemarker Singapore (64) (49) (49)
1985 XIII Bangkokmarker Thailandmarker (92) (62) (43)
1987 XIV Jakartamarker Indonesiamarker (183) (63) (59)
1989 XV Kuala Lumpurmarker Malaysiamarker (102) (67) (62)
1991 XVI Manilamarker Philippinesmarker (92) (90) (72)
1993 XVII Singapore Citymarker Singaporemarker (88) (63) (57)
1995 XVIII Chiang Maimarker Thailandmarker (157) (77) (33)
1997 XIX Jakartamarker Indonesiamarker (194) (83) (55)
1999 XX Bandar Seri Begawanmarker Bruneimarker (65) (57) (44)
2001 XXI Kuala Lumpurmarker Malaysiamarker (111) (103) (72)
2003 XXII Hanoimarker and Ho Chi Minh Citymarker2 Vietnammarker (158) (90) (55)
2005 XXIII Manilamarker3 Philippinesmarker (113) (87) (71)
2007 XXIV Nakhon Ratchasimamarker4 Thailandmarker (183) (68) (64)
2009 XXV Vientianemarker Laosmarker
2011 XXVI Bandungmarker and Semarangmarker5 Indonesiamarker
2013 XXVII Singaporemarker Singaporemarker
2015 XXVIII Malaysiamarker
2017 XXIX Bruneimarker
2019 XXX Philippinesmarker




Gold medal tally

Winning tallies only includes the results from Southeast Asian Games or SEA Games since 1977-present.

COUNTRY OVER-ALL CHAMPIONS 2nd GOLD 3rd GOLD
9 Times
2 Times
3 Times
4 Times
9 Times
3 Times
1 Time
3 Times
1 Time
1 Time
2 Times
6 Times
1 Time
-
2 Times
-
-
1 Time
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-


All-time medal count

As of the 2007 Southeast Asian Games.


SOUTHEAST ASIAN PENINSULAR GAMES
COUNTRY GOLD SILVER BRONZE TOTAL
374
254
261
889
204
229
221
654
198
207
214
619
194
255
316
765
2
39
51
65
155
27
36
41
104
0
6
23
29
SOUTHEAST ASIAN GAMES
COUNTRY GOLD SILVER BRONZE TOTAL
1,377
1,209
1,178
3,764
1,318
1,125
1,098
3,541
763
880
1,063
2,706
705
682
927
2,315
431
484
733
1,684
407
373
461
1,241
221
361
505
1,087
11
21
78
110
9
33
125
167
4
15
53
72
0
0
3
3
COMBINED TOTALS
COUNTRY GOLD SILVER BRONZE TOTAL
1,692
1,379
1,359
4,430
1,377
1,209
1,178
3,764
1
900
937
1,243
3,080
763
880
1,063
2,706
635
713
954
2,302
4
446
424
526
1,396
5
419
568
719
1,706
3
31
51
94
176
11
27
101
139
9
33
125
167
0
0
3
3


  • 1 Competed as Malaya in the inaugural games until 1961.
  • 2 The Republic of South Vietnam was dissolved in July 1976 when it merged with the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) to become the Socialist Republic of Vietnammarker also known as Vietnam. Therefore, the medal counts for this country are considered to be as until 1975. International Olympic Committeemarker (IOC) is not using codes for South Vietnam anymore after unifying with North Vietnam.
  • 3 Competed as Cambodia, Kampuchea, and Khmer Republic.
  • 4 In 1989 edition, a unified Vietnam re-join the games with new name and new flag. Medals made by South Vietnam are already combined here. See table tally above for South Vietnam.
  • 5 Competed as Burma until 1985.


See also



References



External links




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