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"Southwestern Conference" redirects here. For the former major conference in Texas and Arkansas, see Southwest Conference; for the Ohio High School Conference abbreviated as the SWC, see Southwestern Conference


The Southwestern Athletic Conference (SWAC) is a mid-major college athletic conference headquartered in Birmingham, Alabamamarker, which is made up of historically black universities in the southern United Statesmarker. It participates in the NCAA's Division I for all sports; in football, it participates in the Football Championship Subdivision (FCS), still frequently referred to by its former designation of Division I-AA.

The SWAC is one of two conferences (the other being the Ivy League) which do not participate in postseason play in the FCS football tournament—and is the only one of the two whose members offer a full complement of scholarships for football. The SWAC splits its schools into two divisions, and instead plays a conference championship game. Furthermore, one SWAC game — the Southern vs Grambling State game — is positioned on the schedule after the NCAA tournament has begun. In addition to the Bayou Classic being played after the start of the NCAA Tournament, Alabama State University plays non-conference foe Tuskegee Universitymarker (SIAC) annually on Thanksgiving Day (The Turkey Day Classic).

These moves have been criticized by other conferences containing historically black universities, especially the only other Division I conference made up entirely of such schools, the Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference, which annually places its champion into the FCS tournament.

History

In 1920, athletic officials from six Texas HBCUs--C.H. Fuller of Bishop College, Red Randolph and C.H. Patterson of Paul Quinn College, E.G. Evans, H.J. Evans and H.J. Starns of Prairie View A&Mmarker, D.C. Fuller of Texas College and G. Whitte Jordan of Wiley Collegemarker met in Houston to discuss common interests. At this meeting, they agreed to form a new league, the SWAC.

Paul Quinn became the first of the original members to withdraw from the league when it did so in 1929. When Langston University of Oklahomamarker was admitted into the conference two years later, it began the migration of state-supported institutions into the SWAC. Southern Universitymarker entered the ranks in 1934, followed by Arkansas AM&Nmarker in 1936 and Texas Southern Universitymarker in 1954.

Rapid growth in enrollment of the state-supported schools made it difficult for the church-supported schools to finance their athletics programs and one by one they fell victim to the growing prowess of the state-supported colleges. Bishop withdrew from the conference in 1956, Langston in 1957 and Huston-Tillotson in 1959, one year after the admittance of two more state-supported schools – Grambling College and Jackson State College. The enter-exit cycle continued in 1961 when Texas College withdrew, followed by the admittance of Alcorn A&Mmarker in 1962. Wiley left in 1968, the same year Mississippi Valley State College entered. Arkansas AM&N exited in 1970 and Alabama State Universitymarker entered in 1982. Arkansas-Pine Bluff (formerly Arkansas AM&N) rejoined the SWAC on July 1, 1997, regaining full-member status one year later. Alabama A&M Universitymarker became the conference’s tenth member when it became a full member in September, 1999 after a one year period as an affiliate SWAC member.

Today, the SWAC ranks among the elite in the nation in terms of alumni playing with professional sports teams, particularly in the sport of football. On the gridiron, the conference as been the biggest draw on the Football Championship Subdivision level of the NCAA, leading the nation in average home attendance for 19 of the 20 years the FCS has been in existence. In fact, in 1994, the SWAC fell just 40,000 fans short of becoming the first non-Football Bowl Subdivision conference to attract one million fans to its home games.

Current championship competition offered by the SWAC includes competition for men in baseball, basketball, cross country, football, golf, indoor track, outdoor track & field and tennis. Women’s competition is offered in the sports of basketball, bowling, cross country, golf, indoor track, outdoor track & field, soccer, softball, tennis and volleyball.

Membership

There are currently 10 members in the SWAC.

Institution  Nickname  Location  Founded  Type Enrollment Endowment
Alabama A&Mmarker Bulldogs Normal, ALmarker 1875 Public 6,000 $119M
Alabama Statemarker Hornets Montgomery, ALmarker 1875 Public 5,600 $51.6M
Alcorn Statemarker Braves Lorman, MSmarker 1871 Public 3,250 $4.4M
Mississippi Valley St. Delta Devils Itta Bena, MSmarker 1950 Public 2,500 $1.4M
Jackson State Tigers Jackson, MSmarker 1877 Public 8,351 $54.3M
Arkansas-Pine Bluffmarker Golden Lions Pine Bluff, ARmarker 1873 Public 3,232 $1.9M
Grambling Statemarker Tigers Grambling, LAmarker 1901 Public 4,988 $1.9M
Southernmarker Jaguars Baton Rouge, LAmarker 1880 Public 8,900 $9.6M
Prairie View A&Mmarker Panthers Prairie View, TXmarker 1876 Public 8,345 $34M
Texas Southernmarker Tigers Houston, TXmarker 1947 Public 11,550 ---


SWAC Divisions

Eastern Division



Western Division



Former members (and years of membership)



Conference facilities

School Football stadium Capacity Basketball arena Capacity
Alabama A&M Louis Crews Stadiummarker 21,000 Elmore Gymnasiummarker 6,000
Alabama State Cramton Bowlmarker 21,800 ASU Acadomemarker 8,000
Alcorn State Jack Spinks Stadiummarker 22,500 Davey Whitney Complexmarker 7,000
Arkansas Pine Bluff Lion Stadiummarker 12,500 K.L.marker Johnson Complexmarker 4,500
Grambling State Eddie Robinson Stadiummarker 19,600 Health & Physical Educational Buildingmarker
Memorial Gymnasiummarker
7,500
2,200
Jackson State Mississippi Veterans Memorial Stadiummarker 62,000 Williams Assembly Centermarker 8,000
Mississippi Valley State Rice-Totten Fieldmarker 10,000 Harrison HPER Complex 5,000
Prairie View A&M Blackshear Stadiummarker 6,000 William Nicks Buildingmarker 5,520
Southern Ace W.marker Mumford Stadiummarker 29,000 F.G.marker Clark Centermarker 7,500
Texas Southern Alexander Durley Sports Complexmarker (primary)
Reliant Stadiummarker (secondary)
5,600
68,000
Health and Physical Education Arenamarker 8,100


SWAC Championships

Football

All games at Legion Fieldmarker Birmingham, Alabama

Year Winner Runner Up Score
1999 Southernmarker Jackson State 31-30
2000 Grambling Alabama A&Mmarker 14-6
2001 Grambling Alabama State 38-31
2002 Grambling Alabama A&Mmarker 31-19
2003 Southernmarker Alabama State 20-9
2004 Alabama State Southernmarker 40-35
2005 Grambling Alabama A&Mmarker 45-6
2006 Alabama A&Mmarker Arkansas Pine Bluffmarker 22–13
2007 Jackson State Grambling 42–31
2008 Grambling Jackson State 41-9


Men's Basketball

Year Regular Season Coach Tournament Coach
1956-1957 Texas Southernmarker Ed Adams None Held
1957-1958 Texas Southernmarker Ed Adams None Held
1958-1959 Gramblingmarker Fred Hobby None Held
1959-1960 Gramblingmarker Fred Hobby None Held
1960-1961 Prairie View A&Mmarker Leroy Moore, Jr. None Held
1961-1962 Prairie View A&Mmarker Leroy Moore, Jr. None Held
1962-1963 Gramblingmarker Fred Hobby None Held
1963-1964 GramblingmarkerJackson State Fred HobbyHarrison Wilson None Held
1964-1965 Southernmarker Richard Mack None Held
1965-1966 Alcorn StatemarkerGrambling E.E.SimmonsFred Hobby None Held
1966-1967 Alcorn StatemarkerArkansas AM&Nmarker

Grambling
E.E. SimmonsHubert Clemens

Fred Hobby
None Held
1967-1968 Alcorn StatemarkerJackson State Bob HopkinsPaul Covington None Held
1968-1969 Alcorn Statemarker Bob Hopkins None Held
1969-1970 Jackson State Paul Covington None Held
1970-1971 Grambling Fred Hobby None Held
1971-1972 Grambling Fred Hobby None Held
1972-1973 Alcorn Statemarker Davey L. Whitney None Held
1973-1974 Jackson State Paul Covington None Held
1974-1975 Jackson State Paul Covington None Held
1975-1976 Alcorn Statemarker Davey L. Whitney None Held
1976-1977 Texas Southernmarker Robert Moreland None Held
1977-1978 Southernmarker Carl Stewart Jackson State Paul Covington
1978-1979 Alcorn Statemarker Davey L. Whitney Alcorn Statemarker Davey L. Whitney
1979-1980 Alcorn Statemarker Davey L. Whitney Alcorn Statemarker Davey L. Whitney
1980-1981 Alcorn StatemarkerSouthernmarker Davey L. WhitneyCarl Stewart Southernmarker Carl Stewart
1981-1982 Alcorn StatemarkerJackson State Davey L. WhitneyPaul Covington Alcorn Statemarker Davey L. Whitney
1982-1983 Texas Southernmarker Robert Moreland Alcorn Statemarker Davey L. Whitney
1983-1984 Alcorn Statemarker Davey L. Whitney Alcorn Statemarker Davey L. Whitney
1984-1985 Alcorn Statemarker Davey L. Whitney Southernmarker Bob Hopkins
1985-1986 Alcorn StatemarkerSouthernmarker Davey L. WhitneyBob Hopkins Mississippi Valley State Lafayette Stribling
1986-1987 Grambling Bob Hopkins Southernmarker Ben Jobe
1987-1988 Southernmarker Ben Jobe Southernmarker Ben Jobe
1988-1989 GramblingSouthernmarker

Texas Southernmarker
Bob HopkinsBen Jobe

Robert Moreland
Southernmarker Ben Jobe
1989-1990 Southernmarker Ben Jobe Texas Southernmarker Robert Moreland
1990-1991 Jackson State Andy Stoglin Jackson State Andy Stoglin
1991-1992 Texas SouthernmarkerMississippi Valley State Robert MorelandLafayette Stribling Mississippi Valley State Lafayette Stribling
1992-1993 Jackson State Andy Stoglin Southernmarker Ben Jobe
1993-1994 Texas Southernmarker Robert Moreland Texas Southernmarker Robert Moreland
1994-1995 Texas Southernmarker Robert Moreland Texas Southernmarker Robert Moreland
1995-1996 Jackson StateMississippi Valley State Andy StoglinLafayette Stribling Mississippi Valley State Lafayette Stribling
1996-1997 Mississippi Valley State Lafayette Stribling Jackson State Andy Stoglin
1997-1998 Texas Southernmarker Robert Moreland Prairie View A&Mmarker Elwood Plummer
1998-1999 Alcorn Statemarker Davey L. Whitney Alcorn Statemarker Davey L. Whitney
1999-2000 Alcorn Statemarker Davey L. Whitney Jackson State Andy Stoglin
2000-2001 Alabama Statemarker Rob Spivery Alabama Statemarker Rob Spivery
2001-2002 Alcorn Statemarker Davey L. Whitney Alcorn Statemarker Davey L. Whitney
2002-2003 Prairie View A&Mmarker Jerome Francis Texas Southernmarker Ronnie Courtney
2003-2004 Mississippi Valley State Lafayette Stribling Alabama Statemarker Rob Spivery
2004-2005 Alabama A&Mmarker L. Vann Pettaway Alabama A&Mmarker L. Vann Pettaway
2005-2006 Southernmarker Rob Spivery Southernmarker Rob Spivery
2006-2007 Mississippi Valley State James Green Jackson State Tevester Anderson
2007-2008 Alabama Statemarker Lewis Jackson Mississippi Valley State James Green
2008-2009 Alabama Statemarker Lewis Jackson Alabama Statemarker Lewis Jackson


Tournaments Performance by school

School Championships Championship Years
Alcorn Statemarker
7
1979, 1980, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1999, 2002
Southernmarker
7
1981, 1985, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1993, 2006
Jackson State
5
1978, 1991, 1997, 2000, 2007
Texas Southernmarker
4
1990, 1994, 1995, 2003, 2005
Mississippi Valley State
4
1986, 1992, 1996, 2008
Alabama Statemarker
3
2001, 2004, 2009
Prairie View A&Mmarker
1
1998
Alabama A&Mmarker
1
2005


Women's Basketball

Year Regular Season Coach Tournament Coach
1981-1982 Jackson State Sadie Magee Jackson State Sadie Magee
1982-1983 Jackson State Sadie Magee Jackson State Sadie Magee
1983-1984 Alcorn Statemarker Shirley Walker Jackson State Sadie Magee
1984-1985 Alcorn Statemarker Shirley Walker Jackson State Sadie Magee
1985-1986 Alcorn Statemarker Shirley Walker Alcorn Statemarker Shirley Walker
1986-1987 Grambling Patricia Bibbs Mississippi Valley State Jessie Harris
1987-1988 Mississippi Valley State Jessie Harris Grambling Patricia Bibbs
1988-1989 Grambling Patricia Bibbs Alabama Statemarker Ron Mitchell
1989-1990 Jackson State Andrew Pennington
1990-1991 Alcorn Statemarker Shirley Walker Alcorn Statemarker Shirley Walker
1991-1992 Alcorn Statemarker Shirley Walker Alcorn Statemarker Shirley Walker
1992-1993 Alcorn StatemarkerSouthernmarker Shirley WalkerHerman Hartman Mississippi Valley State Jessie Harris
1993-1994 Alcorn Statemarker Shirley Walker Grambling Patricia Bibbs
1994-1995 Alcorn StatemarkerGrambling

Jackson State
Shirley WalkerPatricia Bibbs

Andrew Pennington
Jackson State Andrew Pennington
1995-1996 Alcorn StatemarkerJackson State Shirley WalkerAndrew Pennington Grambling Patricia Bibbs
1996-1997 Grambling Patricia Bibbs Grambling Patricia Bibbs
1997-1998 Grambling David Ponton Grambling David Ponton
1998-1999 Grambling David Ponton Grambling David Ponton
1999-2000 Grambling David Ponton Alcorn Statemarker Shirley Walker
2000-2001 Alcorn Statemarker Shirley Walker Alcorn Statemarker Shirley Walker
2001-2002 Southernmarker Sandra Pugh Southernmarker Sandra Pugh
2002-2003 Alabama StatemarkerJackson State Freda Freeman-JacksonDenise Taylor Alabama Statemarker Freda Freeman-Jackson
2003-2004 Alabama Statemarker Freda Freeman-Jackson Southernmarker Sandra Pugh
2004-2005 Alcorn Statemarker Shirley Walker Alcorn Statemarker Shirley Walker
2005-2006 Jackson StateSouthernmarker Denise TaylorSandy Pugh Southernmarker Sandra Pugh
2006-2007 Prairie View A&MmarkerJackson State Cynthia CooperDenise Taylor Prairie View A&Mmarker Cynthia Cooper
2007-2008 Prairie View A&Mmarker Cynthia Cooper Jackson State Denise Taylor
2008-2009 Prairie View A&Mmarker Cynthia Cooper


See also



Notes and references

  1. The Ivy League does not award athletic scholarships at all. Northeast Conference members are limited to 30 football scholarships, less than half the FCS scholarship limit of 63. Pioneer League members may offer scholarships in other sports, but do not award football scholarships, and do not allow athletes receiving scholarships in other sports to play football.
  2. http://www.swac.org/conference/history.htm


External links




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