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The Spanish Colonial style of architecture dominated in the early Spanish colonies of North and South America, and were also somewhat visible in its other colonies. It is sometimes marked by the contrast between the simple, solid construction demanded by the new environment and the Baroque ornamentation exported from Spain.

Mexicomarker, as the center of New Spain - and the richest province of Spain's colonial empire - has some of the most renowned buildings built in this style. With twenty-nine sites, Mexico has more sites on the UNESCO World Heritage list than any other country in the Americas, many of them boasting some of the richest Spanish Colonial architecture. Some of the most famous cities in Mexico built in the Colonial style are Pueblamarker, Zacatecasmarker, Queretaromarker, Guanajuatomarker, and Moreliamarker.

The historic center of Mexico Citymarker is a mixture of architectural styles from the 16th century to the present. The Metropolitan Cathedralmarker – built from 1563 to 1813 in a variety of styles including the Renaissance, Baroque, and Neo Classical. The rich interior is mostly Baroque. Other examples are the Palacio Nacionalmarker, the beautifully restored 18th-century Palacio de Iturbide, the 16th-century Casa de los Azulejos - clad with 18th-century blue-and-white talavera tiles, and many more churches, cathedrals, museums, and palaces of the elite.

During the late 1600s to 1750, one of Mexico's most popular architectural styles was Mexican Churriqueresque. These buildings were built in an ultra-Baroque, fantastically extravagant and visually frenetic style.

The Ciudad Colonial (colonial district) of Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, founded in 1498, is the oldest city in the New World and a prime example of this architectural style. The port of Cartagena, Colombiamarker, founded in 1533 and Santa Ana de Coromarker, Venezuelamarker, founded in 1527, are two more UNESCOmarker World Heritage Sites preserving some of the best Spanish colonial architecture in the Caribbean." Also, Old San Juan with its walled city and buildings (ranging from 1521 to the early 1900s) are very good examples, and in excellent condition.

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