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Spion Kop (or Kop for short) is a colloquial name or term for a number of terraces and stands at sports stadia, particularly in the United Kingdommarker; so named due to their steep nature, resembling a hill near Ladysmithmarker, South Africa that was the scene of the Battle of Spion Kopmarker in the Second Boer War.

History

The first recorded reference to a sports terrace as Kop was at Woolwich Arsenal's Manor Groundmarker in 1904. A local newsman likened the silhouette of fans standing on a newly raised bank of earth to soldiers standing atop the hill at the Battle of Spion Kop. Two years later, in 1906, Liverpool Echo sports editor Ernest Edwards noted of a new open-air embankment at Anfieldmarker: "This huge wall of earth has been termed 'Spion Kop', and no doubt this apt name will always be used in future in referring to this spot". The name was formally consummated in 1928 upon construction of a roof. It is thought to be the first terrace officially named Spion Kop. Many other English football clubs and some Rugby league clubs (such as Wigan's former home Central Parkmarker) followed suit and applied the same name to stands in later years.

Villa Parkmarker's old Holte End is historically the largest of all Kop ends closely followed by the old South Bank at Molineuxmarker, both once regularly holding crowds in excess of 30,000. By the mid 1980s Hillsboroughmarker's Kop had become the largest roofed terrace in Europe, with a capacity of around 25,000.

Composition

There is much conjecture about what type of stand constitutes a Kop. The size and location of the stand in the stadium varies, with most being located behind the goal and being occupied by its club's most vocal supporters. It is usually a single tiered stand and traditionally terraced. However, in England, safety regulations brought into effect after the 1989 Hillsborough disaster has required many to be made all seated. It is not necessarily the largest stand in the stadium and does not have to have a particularly large capacity; for example, Chesterfield's stadium the Recreation Groundmarker has a Kop with a capacity of only a few thousand.

Kopites

The supporters on Liverpool's Kop helped make Anfield famous for its atmosphere. "Kopites" is a collective name given to the supporters of Liverpool Football Club.

Kops

Ground Club Stand
Anfieldmarker Liverpool Spion Kop
Ashton Gatemarker Bristol City The East End
Bloomfield Roadmarker Blackpool The North Stand
BMO Fieldmarker Toronto FC South End
Boothferry Parkmarker Hull City Kempton/East Side
Boundary Parkmarker Oldham Chaddy End
Bramall Lane Sheffield United The Kop
Britannia Stadiummarker Stoke City The Boothen End
Celtic Parkmarker Celtic The Jungle (prior to the 1990s redevelopment)
City Groundmarker Nottingham Forest The Trent End
County Ground Swindon Town The Town End
Dean Courtmarker AFC Bournemouth The North Stand
Deepdalemarker Preston North End Bill Shankly Kop
Elland Roadmarker Leeds United The Revie Stand
Fratton Parkmarker Portsmouth Fratton End
Filbert Streetmarker Leicester City Spion Kop (Double Decker)
Filbert Waymarker Leicester City Spion Kop
Gillette Stadiummarker New England Revolution The Fort
Highburymarker Arsenal North Bank and Clock End
Highfield Roadmarker Coventry City The Kop
Hillsborough Stadiummarker Sheffield Wednesday Spion Kop
Home Depot Centermarker Los Angeles Galaxy North Curve Section 121
Home Parkmarker Plymouth Argyle Blocks 7-10, Devonport-Lyndhurst Corner
Ibrox Stadiummarker Rangers Broomloan Stand (The Blue Order)
Leeds Roadmarker Huddersfield Town Popular (East) Terrace
London Road marker Peterborough United The London Road Terrace
Loftus Roadmarker Queens Park Rangers The Loft
Marston Roadmarker Stafford Rangers The Shed End
Meadow Lanemarker Notts County Spion Kop
Molineux Stadiummarker Wolverhampton Wanderers The South Bank/Jack Harris Stand
Nihondaira Stadiummarker Shimizu S-Pulse The West Stand
Oakwell Stadiummarker Barnsley The North and South Stands
Old Traffordmarker Manchester United Stretford End
Parc des Princesmarker Paris Saint-Germain Kop of Boulogne
PGE Parkmarker Portland Timbers F.C. Section 107
Portman Roadmarker Ipswich Town North Stand (two-tiered due to lack of space)
Prenton Parkmarker Tranmere Rovers The Bebington Kop
Prostar Stadiummarker Shrewsbury Town The South Stand/Rowley Kop
Qwest Fieldmarker Seattle Sounders FC Brougham End
Racecourse Groundmarker Wrexham Spion Kop
Recreation Groundmarker Chesterfield Spion Kop
Riverside Stadiummarker Middlesbrough North Stand
St Andrewsmarker Birmingham City Spion Kop
St James' Parkmarker Newcastle United Sir John Hall stand/Leazes End
St Mary's Stadiummarker Southampton Northam Stand
Selhurst Parkmarker Crystal Palace Holmesdale Stand/Holmesdale Road Terrace (The Kop)
Stade Félix-Bollaertmarker Lens Tony Marek Stand
Stade de Gerlandmarker Lyon Bad Gones - Kop Virage Nord
Stade de la Meinaumarker Strasbourg Quart de Virage Nord-Ouest
Stade Michel d'Ornanomarker Caen Première (The Premier)
Stadion Albert Flóriánmarker Ferencváros B közép ("B central")
Stamford Bridgemarker Chelsea The Shed End
Toyota Parkmarker Chicago Fire Section 8
Valley Parademarker Bradford City Carlsberg Stand
Villa Parkmarker Aston VIlla The Holte End
Walkers Stadiummarker Leicester City Spion Kop (replacing the south stand as of the 2008-2009 season)
Westfalenstadionmarker Borussia Dortmund Südtribüne (South Stand)
Windsor Parkmarker Linfield The Kop/Alex Russell Stand
Withdean Stadiummarker Brighton The East Stand Kop


References

  1. Duke, Greg. Football First 11: Stunning stadiums CNN. October 29, 2008.


Sources




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