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Sporting Clube de Portugal ( ) ( ), also known as Sporting CP, Sporting, and often referred to mistakenly in the English speaking world as Sporting Lisbon, is a Portuguesemarker sports club based in Portugal's capital city of Lisbonmarker. The club is particularly renowned for its football department. With more than 100,000 registered club members, its teams, athletes and supporters are often nicknamed Leões ( ) by its fans and Lagartos ( ) by fans of rival teams.

During the first century of the club's existence, the teams and the athletes of Sporting won 50 Olympic gold medals (Continental and Global), as well as many silver and gold medals and thousands of national and district titles. Few clubs in the world can boast such success, with there being no other at national level. Sporting is, after Barcelona, the club with more European titles across all of the disciplines in which the club competes.

During the founding period (1906), José Alvalade made known his wish to transform Sporting into a "....big Club, as big as the biggest in Europe." Today, one century later, the extraordinary record that Sporting boasts is the manifestation of José Alvalade's, as well as the other founders of the club's, principles, values, winning ethic and ambitious spirit of sportsmanship. Daring to clear pathways in a time when, in Portugal, sports were still activities in their developmental stages and having mainly elitist characteristics, the first "Sportinguistas" managed to found a powerful collective that projects itself onto the global level in the form of the present day Sporting Clube de Portugal. As well as the many titles achieved by the club, Sporting Clube de Portugal also boasts more than three million fans spanning all continents: with up to 300 Supporters clubs, offices and delegations, as well as more than 150 affiliates. This dynamic and successful environment speaks for itself.

History

Pre-Sporting

It started as a romantic idealisation during the turbulent times of the beginning of the 20th century (1902), when a group of holidaymakers in Belas, which was then a distant suburb of Lisbonmarker, decided to found a club and hold a game of foot-ball (as it was called back then) in Seteais: integrated as part of the popular festival held in Sintra. It was a very lively game, and was considered as being apart from the festival, - with members of the royal family being present - contested between Sport Club de Belas and a group from Sintra. Belas claimed a fine 3-0 victory, in a game where the Gavazzo brothers, Franciso and José Maria, along with other sportsman on display, where described as "elements of good families". The daily news reported that more than four thousand people attended in what was a busy and animated compact circle full of interest.

Sports Club de Belas was a summer dream that gathered dust with the end of the holiday period. A dream however, that did not die. The game in Sintra, held on the 26th of August 1902, left a unique and living mark that motivated the players. The young holidaymakers, who where little more than adolescents, returned to Lisbon, dreaming of the status of sports abroad, principally in Francemarker and Englandmarker, and maintained contact with each other as many lived in the same residential area in Campo Grande. The young men frequently met in Pastelaria Bijou that still exists today on Avenida da Liberdade and it was there that, two years after the experience in Belas, in 1904, the young men decided to return to their great love, sports, and found the Campo Grande Football Club. Other attendees of the events the 26th of August 1902 also followed their passion for sports and founded the Clube Internacional de Futebol (CIF). The historical CIF is now situated in Monsantomarker.

The headquarters of the Campo Grande Football Club where situated on the second floor of the Pinto da Cunha's Manor house, a building that continues to define the corner between Alameda das Linhas de Torres and Campo Grande. Amongst others, the Gavazzo brothers participated in the founding meeting, along with the young men José Holtreman Roquette (José Alvalade), José Stromp and other sporting enthusiasts. Visconde de Alvalade, José Alfredo Holtreman, grandfather of José Alvalade, who was nearing 70 years old and was the patriarch of the family, was appointed the President for his unselfish support and natural ability to understand and encourage the spirit and incentives of his grandson as well as his friends.

Football, fencing, tennis, running, jumping, social parties and picnics where the main activities that allowed the new club to gain momentum in its first two years of existence.

Foundation

In 1906, the atmosphere in the club blurred as a division widened between members that defended the existence of the collective on the basis of social events and gatherings and others that defended the existence of the collective on the basis of dedication to the club's sporting aspects. Júlio de Araújo, who would later become the president of Sporting, a keen historian of the founding process of Sporting, noted that "day to day, two trends where emphasised: that of the boys of Lisbon that claimed the current headquarters and that of the boys of Campo Grande that also laid claim to that spot, as was fair and advisable." Furthermore, Júlio de Araújo also notes that "the disagreement was not solely in regard to location, but also in regard to the objective of the club – with contrast between Campo Grande and those interested in the social aspects of the club rather than the sporting aspects."
José Alvalade
Visconde de Alvalade
This period of turbulence would eventually result in a split between the two parties. José Gavazzo was amongst the first to resign from the original club, accompanied by around two dozen other members: one of which was José Alvalade, who proclaimed that "I am going to have my grandfather with me and he will give me the money to make another club."

The determination shown by these disgruntled players did indeed bear fruit. Visconde de Alvalade granted the creation of the new club and placed in its hands a notable quantity of money, made available a playing field in one of his farms – Sporting continues to exist in the same place till this day - and became the chairman of the board as an "associate protector" of the new club. It was largely due to this that the young José Alvalade, shining as a ray of enthusiasm due to the success of his initiatives, delivered his famous quote: "We want this Club to be a great club, as great as the greatest in Europe," well known by all Sporting supporters.

Founders of Sporting
On 14 April 1906, the newly created collective adopted the provisionary name of Campo Grande Sporting Club. On 1 July of the same year, it was suggested by António Félix da Costa Júnior that the club adopt the name Sporting Clube de Portugal. In July 1920, as proposed by Nuno Soares Júnior, the General Assembly of the Club adopted the 1st of July 1906 as the official founding date of Sporting. It was these original 18 members that made that fateful decision that has now celebrated its Centenary.

Team colors

Kit evolution

First kit evolution




Jerseys

The badges

Since its formation, on 1 July 1906, Sporting has had six badges, all of which have had as part of them the colour green and the lion.



First years

The routes of the footballing tradition of Sporting can clearly be traced back to the founding period of 1906. However this was also an eclectic period for the multiple disciplines of athletics followed by the founders of the club. The founding members of the club where devoted athletes, as well as practitioners of the disciplines of football, tennis, tug-of-war, fencing, cricket, gymnastics and field hockey.

In 1907, Dom Fernando de Castelo Branco (Pombeiro) authorised the use of the lion from his coat of arms, without its blue background. "Not with a golden gun of red on a blue field, as was Pombeiro's, but with a silver gun of black on a green field, that clearly affirms the intentions of the founders," notes Júlio de Araújo. The green exterior was in fact suggested by Visconde of Alvalade, symbolising hope for the new club.

The 3rd of February 1907 witnessed the first game of football for Sporting. It cannot be said however that the club met with immediate success: losing 5 – 1, in the second division, against Cruz Negra, in Alcântara. However, some of the players from the winning side would later join Sporting: Alípio da Motta Veiga, Octávio Teixeira Bastos, António das Neves Vital and others. D. João de Vila Franca scored the only goal for Sporting in the game: a goal that would be the first in the history of Sporting.

The 1st of December 1907 witnessed the birth of an eternal rivalry. Sporting Clube de Portugal and Sport Lisboa (that would only become known as Benfica the following year) contested a game of football on the pitch at Quinta Nova, in Sete Rios. Sporting, who dressed in white during its early years, debuted in a kit consisting of a striped green and white shirt and white socks. This is a kit that has been reproduced in celebration of Sporting's centenary. This kit became known as the "Stromp Kit", as homage to the very popular 'Sportinguista' Franciso Stromp: a brilliant footballer who was one of the best Portuguese sportsmen of all time. Sporting won the game against Benfica 2 – 1, with one goal being scored by Cândido Rosa Rodrigues, one of the Catatau brothers and former player of Sport Lisboa. This would become the first goal for the "Lions" in the great rivalry between this two giants of Portuguese sports. The 1907–08 season would see Sporting finish as regional runner-up.

The Club had, what was considered back at that time, the best pitch in Portugal, in Sítio das Mouras. Located then at 73 Alameda do Lumiarmarker, today known as Alameda das Linhas de Torres, the pitch was located in terrain made available by Visconde de Alvalade at his farm. The pitch was in use as early as May 1906 and was improved later in 1907. The pitch and surrounding sports complex housed a football pitch, athletics track, two tennis courts and a pavilion with showers, baths and a kitchen. A pavilion that was, at the time, a luxury.

In 1910, Sporting's ecletic spirit was already settled, as its Tennis teams were gaining evidence, and titles in pole vaulting, shot put and long jump were won. This was also the year that José Alvalade would assume the presidency of the club: an office he would hold until 1916.

Initial triumphs

The direction of the club was now drawn: drawn in victory. Sporting would win its first Campeonato de Lisboa, fourth division, in 1912, repeting this feature in Sporting in 1915, now in the Honour division, together with the Honourary Cup, with a victory over Benfica in the final (3-1). The victory in Campeonato de Lisboa in 1915 was the first in a long series that Sporting would claim. A series that saw Sporting claim 19 Championships (6 of them in a row) between 1915 and 1947: when the championship came to an end. 1915 also saw the teams of Sporting begin to use black shorts to accompany the "Stromp" shirt.

Laranjeira Guerra would win the Porto-Lisboa cycling event in 1912: an event made more epic by the state of the roads traversed as well as the equipment used. This cyclist would become the precursor of brilliant cyclists such as Alfredo Trindade, João Roque, Leonel Miranda, Marco Chagas and the greatest of all: Joaquim Agostinho. Success in the Tour de France, such as being part of the top 10 for eight times, and two third place, as well as a second place in the Vuelta a España (only 11 seconds behind the winner José Manuel Fuente), during Eddy Merckx and then Bernard Hinault periods, not to mention many successes in Portugal (three times winner of Volta a Portugal), transformed Agostinho into one of the legends and symbols of Sporting.

In a sport that was very much in the vogue at the time, Tug-of-War, Sporting achieved a level of immeasurable success: they were never defeated in competitive meetings.

1912 would see more success for Sporting's athletes as the highly versatile António Stromp would shine in the 100m (reaching the fourth round) and the 200m in the Olympic Games held in Stockholmmarker, which were fatal to the Portuguese marathon runner Francisco Lázaro. António Stromp was Sporting's first Olympian athlete and he would place Sporting on a path that would see Sporting as the most successful Olympic club of the country, both in the number of representatives, as well as the number of medals won. Also in 1912 Sporting would win its first in a long series of National Championships in Cross Country.

In 1917, Sporting relocated its facilities. José Alvalade allowed for the building of the Stadium de Lisboa in 1914; however a disagreement between the founder and director over the use of the stadium led to the ones that held office to seek another solution. These Sportinguistas would lease a plot in the local vicinity in the form of the pitch at 412 Campo Grande, where a stadium would be constructed by the architect António do Couto: a stadium that would be the home of Sporting for the following 30 years. This however would not be the end of the stadium's life, as Benfica moved from Amoreiras and where granted use of the stadium by Sporting. This stadium was fondly known by his "office of wood" and was part of the land that now exists in the area south of Estádio José Alvalade.

1920–1940

During the twenties, Sporting would win its first Campeonato de Portugal (1922/23): a competition attributed as the National title although it was contested as an eliminatory competition. The decisive game was contested in Faro on the 24th of July 1923, with a 3-0 victory against Académicamarker. The Sporting team was at the time comprised of Torres Pereira, Jaime Gonçalves, Francisco Stromp, João Francisco Maia, Carlos Fernandes, José Leandro, Filipe dos Santos, Joaquim Ferreira, Cipriano dos Santos, Jorge Vieira and Henrique Portela. Joaquim Ferreira scored two goals, with Francisco Stromp, Sporting and Portuguese sport legend, pioneer athlete and one of Sporting's original figures, scoring the other. Francisco Stromp would leave football the following year (1924).

The sections of swimming, water polo and rugby where also founded during this period. It was the historic leader and career athlete Salazar Carreira with the help of Sporting that first introduced rugby to Portugal.

In 1928, Sporting first appeared in its famous shirts with horizontal white and green strips: a move provided, largely, by the rugby team. This change occurred while on a tour in Brazilmarker, the first for a Portuguese team, and was largely due to the facts that the kits used by the rugby team where cooler and in better condition than those used by the football team (half white and half green shirt with black socks). It is from these fortunate circumstances that the present day, world famous kit has evolved through history: a kit that is much sought after for its originality. The design of horizontal stripes used by the rugby team was a design of Salazar Carreira and was inspired by his time with the French club Racing de Paris, although Racing de Paris used red and white. Upon returning from Brazil, the football team did however return the kits to the rugby team. However, in October 1928 the football team played a game against Benfica, only to emerge in the second half of the game wearing the shirts of the rugby team. Sporting won the game and so was born... a new kit.

The series of victories in the Campeonato de Portugal (Portuguese Championship) continued into the thirties with Portugal claiming titles in 1933–34, 1935–36, and 1937–38. During this decade, Sporting also claimed success in the sports of tennis, cycling, rugby (regional level), shooting, rink hockey (victory in the National Championship in 1937–38 – the first season of the competition), ice-skating, gymnastics, and fencing.

Alfredo Trindade, already with a variety of titles in numerous cycling disciplines, won the Volta a Portugal in 1933: the first individual and collective victory for Sporting in the most important event of the Portuguese cycling calendar. Trindade became an infamous figure not only for his personal successes but also for his intense rivalry, although tempered with respect and friendship, with the Benfica cyclist José Maria Nicolau. Their epic duels even then, without the presence of the media dynamic that exists today, excited Portugal. José Albuquerque, known as Faísca, won the Volta a Portugal in 1940.

The legendary centre-forward Fernando Peyroteo, who debuted for Sporting in 1937, emerged as the leading scorer of the Portuguese Championship with 34 goals. He would be a central figure in the golden years still to come.

Golden years

The '40s and '50s had where fabulous years for Sporting. 10 of 18 National Football Championships where won during these 20 years, along with four of 13 Portuguese cups that figure in the clubs role of honour. From the 1946–47 season to the 1953–54 season, Sporting won seven of the eight championships contested, including becoming tri- and tetra-champion, losing only in the 1949–50 season. This was the age of the famous Cinco Violinos ("Five Violins") that became infamous on both the national and international levels, alongside with head coaches like Joseph Szabo, Robert Kelly, Randolph Galloway, Cândido de Oliveira, Armando Ferrira, Enrique Fernández and others. The name "Cinco Violinos" was given by the journalist and trainer Tavares da Silva in order to refer to the forward line composed by Jesus Correia, Manuel Vasques, Fernando Peyroteo, José Travassos, and Albano. These men where said to play as an orchestra together in the manner of their collective spirit and efficiency on the field. During these years, Sporting scored 123 goals (almost five per game) in a championship played by 14 teams, 2 less than nowadays. This is certainly a record that will be hard to beat. For instance, Peyroteo, the striker, finished all the 12 seasons he took part in Sporting squad with more goals scored than games played.

As well as the numerous National Championships and Portuguese Cups, Sporting team also claimed victories in the sporting initiative known as Taça O Século (The Century Cup). This competition came to an abrupt end after the Lions won the first two monumental trophies as well as the Taça Império (Imperial Cup).

These times witnessed success beyond measure and as a result Sporting, although not national champions in that year, was invited to participate in the first edition of the Cup of the Clubs of the European Champions, now known as UEFA Champions League. Unfortunately for Sporting fans, UEFA did not launch this competition earlier, otherwise Sporting could most certainly have at least one Cup of the Clubs of the European Champions in his honours. Sporting inaugurated this cup in a game with FK Partizan (3 – 3), in a match held at the Estádio Nacionalmarker. It was indeed João Martins that scored the first goal of this now multi-million Euro competition.

Sporting's tetra-championship, the first in Portuguese football, finds its roots in the 1950–51 season with the players: Mário Wilson, Juca, António Jesus Correia, Manuel Passos, Juvenal, Manuel Vasques, Galileu, Veríssimo, José Travassos, Martins, Tormenta, Carlos Gomes, Leandro, Caldeira, Barros, Canário, César Nascimento, Anacleto, Manuel Marques, Pacheco Nobre, Mateus, and Pacheco. The head coach was the British Randolph Galloway, with Fernando Vaz as his assistant.

In 1955, José Travassos became the first Portuguese footballer to be selected for the European XI. He played in Belfast against the team of Great Britain, in a performance that saw him greatly praised by the international media, therefore being named forever thereafter as "Zé da Europa" ("Zé of Europe").

By this time, the famous Sporting academy had already carved its place into the pages of history, winning the first National Junior Championship, held in 1938–39 with the last running of the competition being held in 1960. Sporting would repeat this feat in 1945–46, 1947–48, and 1955–56.

In athletics, Sporting began the journey that would see it become the unrivaled champion of Portuguese athletics: winning 12 championships between 1940/1960 with cross country claiming ten victories during this period.

Francisco Inácio claimed the Volta a Portugal in 1941; however, the amount of national track and road titles reach well beyond this.

In 1945, Sporting founded the first swimming school in Portugal, the país dos marinheiros (country of sailors), where people,however, where poor swimmers. Sporting was already the most pioneering club in the field of nautical sports, however, claiming victories in water polo in the 1920s.

In 1941, Sporting won its first of what would become many titles in handball, with a victory in the Regional Championships of the variant of the game using 11 players (that existed at the time and was played on football fields). The series of 18 national victories that Sporting claims began in 1951–52: a Collection of championships that is unrivaled.

In the fifties, aside from the major titles won by Sporting, victories where also claimed in billiards, fencing, shooting, table tennis (31 championships won up until present day!), badminton and motor racing. Sporting also claimed its two first national championships in volleyball (1953–54 and 1955–56) and its first national basketball championship in 1956. Sporting would go on to win seven titles in basketball until the sport was no longer played at competitive level by the club. In volleyball, which is also no longer played by the club, Sporting claimed four more titles up until 1993–94.

On 10 June 1956, Sporting inaugurated the Estádio José Alvalademarker, an achievement that was testament to the great level of vitality of the club. The dynamic ability and capacity of the club to undertake such a project was an affirmation of the sacrifices of the associates that made the constructing of such a magnificent stadium possible. Sporting had initially returned to its origins by returning to the Estádio do Lumiar in 1937, which had been rented out, in very good condition, until its renovation in 1947. This stadium had been the home of the infamous recitals of the "Cinco Violinos"; however the stadium was quickly becoming inadequate as Sporting approached its first half-century of life, and the necessity of constructing a new stadium was becoming apparent. This necessity was complimented with the construction of a new stadium, based largely on the site of the old stadium. The stadium was baptised with the name of the founder that had always occupied himself with the quality of the facilities of Sporting: José Alvalade. This name had in fact already been adopted before the construction of the new stadium, with the renovation of the Estádio do Lumiar in 1947, and is still used in the current stadium. The member holding membership number 1 of Sporting at the time of the inauguration of the new grandiose stadium was José Maria Gavazzo: one of the founders of the club and one of the original young holidaymakers in Belas in 1902.

Later, in 1983, under the supervision of the president João Rocha, the ambition of many Sportinguista's was realised with the "closing" of the stadium for the construction of a new seated terrace, that replaced the old standing terrace on the stadium's precinct.

On 6 June 1960, Sporting was declared an institute of public utility.

Manuel Faria, a long distance runner of great prestige, predecessor of Manuel de Oliveira, Carlos Lopes, Fernando Mamede and of the Castro brothers, won the famous race of São Silvestre de São Paulo in 1957 and 1958 which was, until then, the best achievement in Sporting athletics history, along with the 4th place of Álvaro Dias in the long jump at the European Athletics Championships.

European glory

During the sixties, Sporting reached a high point of European success by winning the Cup Winners Cup in 1963/64 in a campaign which ended in a 2 games final against MTK, and saw a spectacular 5-0 win over Manchester United (after a 4-1 defeat in Old Traffordmarker and a goal-fest against Apoel Nicosia: with Sporting winning 16-1, which is still the record as most goals scored in a European match. This victory by a management team largely lacking fame, which few believed would be possible at the outset, was largely due to the togetherness and psychological strength of the team. A team led principally by Gentil Cardoso, later by the architect Anselmo Fernandez and other great names of "Lions" and national football such as Carvalho, Pedro Gomesmarker, Lino, Alexandre Baptista, José Carlos, Hilário, Fernando Mendes (The Great Captain), Geo, Pérides, Osvaldo Silva, Figueiredo, Mascarenhas (managed to score 6 goals in one single European match, which is still a record) and Morais: scorer of the infamous goal directly from a corner (known as "o cantinho de Morais") in Antwerpmarker that would prove to be the winning goal of the match.

With the ending of the Cup Winners's Cup after the 1998–99 season and its subsequent reshaping into the UEFA Cup, Sporting became the only Portuguese club to win this historic title.

Between 1960 and 1999, Sporting's football team would win a further seven National Championships including the 1981–82 championship, and seven more Portuguese Cups, including the 1994–95 Cup: a victory that would mark the return to the top of the national podium after a prolonged absence. The youth team squads would also enjoy success: winning six championships, with the juvenile teams also winning eight titles. Sporting's children would also win three National Cups: an extinct cup during the nineties.

In 1974, with 46 goals, Hector Yazalde, Sporting striker, was Europe's most prolific striker, and so the golden shoe was awarded to him. His record still stands to this day. In 2002, Mário Jardel became the second Sporting player to win this European title of distinction.

In rink hockey, Sporting enjoyed a wave of success between 1965 and 1990: winning a European Champions Cup, which placed them as the best team in the world at the time, three Cup Winner’s Cups and one CERS Cup. This well known team, managed by Torcato Ferreira, the head coach, had players like António Ramalhete, Vítor Chana, Júlio Rendeiro, João Sobrinho and António Livramento, which, together, formed the most brilliant Sporting roller hockey team.

Sporting athletics team continued to enjoy success and were a constant source of pride for Sporting, with Carlos Lopes winning 3 cross country World Championships and a one gold and one silver medal at Olympic level. Sporting runners also guided the country to a victory in the marathon in the Los Angeles Olympics in 1984. The trophies won by these athletes formed a precursor to the other Olympic, World and European titles that Sporting can today boast. Fernando Mamede became the world record holder for the 10,000 metres, which was a record that stood for 5 years and an amazing 15 years as the European record. Sporting has won, to this date, 14 European Champions Cups and 46 national titles in cross country, 43 national titles across all male events combined and 37 female national titles on the track.

In 2000, Sporting’s athletics team successed in the European Champions Clubs Cup on the track, making Portugal the only team to defeat Russia, who remains to this day as one of the athletics powers of the world. This glorious victory was further consolidated as Portugal finished third in three other events. These victories where further evidence of Sporting’s ability to maintain its Olympic athletes at the highest level, confirming its place of excellent as one of Europe’s premier athletics clubs. Athletes such as Carlos Lopes, the Castro brothers, Fernando Mamede, all of whom are international medal and record winners, Rui Silva, Naide Gomes, Francis Obikwelu (Europe’s fastest man nowadays, and silver medal in Athens 2004), Yuri Bilonog and Ionela Tirlea are all athletes of Sporting's centenary generation that expresses and interprets Sporting’s drive for success on all fronts.

In handball, another sport with a special place at the heart of Sporting, Sporting’s teams spurred to an amazing penta-championship between 1968/69 and 1972/73, a record still unbeaten in Portugal.

João Roque, Leonel Miranda, Joaquim Agostinho and Marco Chagas, among others, all shone in cycling in Portuguese as well as foreign events, with Agostinho achieving an impressive third place in the Tour de France, second place in the Tour of Spain and three victories in the Tour of Portugal – dying on the 10th of May 1984 in a crash caused by a dog while he was racing in his yellow jacket in the Algarve on behalf of Sporting. His name is forever immortalised, as one of the turns of the epic climb of Alpe D’Huez in the Tour de France is now named after this infamous Portuguese cyclist and "Sportinguista".

Sporting’s table tennis teams also recorded an insurmountable series of victories, winning 11 consecutive titles between 1984/85 and 1994/95. The teams have won an outstanding number of 31 titles, since this competition was established back at the forties.

In billiards, Sporting’s representatives, such as Jorge Theriaga, also shone on the European levels in both individual and team events.

New cycle

In 1996, Sporting began a new lease of life, with the actions of José Roquette and other determined characters and leaders, entering Sporting into a period of dynamic transformation. Leaders such as Miguel Galvão Teles, Dias da Cunha and Ernesto Ferreira da Silva: these man played their part in approving new statutes that where fit to face the modern age and would lay the foundations for a business group and Society of Soccer Sports (SAD) that would be admitted into the Portuguese Stock Exchange in 1998. In addition to this sweeping transformation, the club also promoted various measures to encourage transparency in the business relationships of the Club, as well as in tax and social security matters.

The ambitious process of transformation in this period guided Sporting down a path of modernisation of its practices and infrastructures that began long before Portuguese candidature to host Euro 2004 was organised.

The reshaping of Sporting during this period became known as the "Projecto Roquette" ("Roquette's Project"), which was generally understood as being a program of dynamic modernisation of the club on three fronts: sports, through the rationalisation and optimisation of resources available via the updating of the clubs functionality; patrimonial aspects, that provided the club with a multi-functional and profitable elements; and finally the modernisation of the clubs organisation, characterised by an invigorated form that combined dedication and professionalism in a manner that was ready to deal with the present without mortgaging the future of the club.

Also in 1998, Sporting began the idealisation and construction of a new generation stadium. The stadium was inaugurated on the 6th of August 2003 in a ceremony that would be emotionally charged and truly a unforgettable night for all Sportinguistas, and stands amongst the best in the world (it was classified by UEFA as a 5-star stadium).

In addiction to the new stadium, a new Alvalade XXI complex would also be built, which only worked out to further strengthen the mulitifuctionality of the clubs latest achievement. The area where Sporting was born continued to live and was revitalised with the building of the Visconde de Alvalade building, that serves as the housing for the clubs companies; a new shopping centre called Alvaláxia also opened, and operates as a cultural and entertainment centre for everyday, as well as matchday use; Clínica CUF, a medical clinic; a health club; a day-centre, made possible by the expression of solidarity of the "Leões de Portugal" ("Lions of Portugal") organization; and the inauguration of the "Mundo Sporting" ("Sporting's World"), the clubs museum where all Sporting fans have the chance to submerge themselves in the fabulous, living tail that is Sporting Clube de Portugal.

In 2000, in a campaign followed closely by the passionate supporters and members of Sporting, Sporting would reconquer the National Football Championship after 18 long years in absence. The final game of the season saw a sweeping 4-0 victory on the fields of Salgueiros, which would be followed by a nationwide party that reached out to all "Sportinguistas" across the world who had been starved of this prestigious title. The title however would again return to Sporting in 2001/2002 season. A Portuguese Cup and a Portuguese Supercup also reinforced the new footballing dynamic that now existed in Sporting: a dynamic that would drive Sporting all the way to the final of the prestigious UEFA Cup Final. The atmosphere at Estádio José Alvalade was electric as Sporting hosted the final at its own ground. Sporting would lose the game 1-3 to CSKA Moscow after 14 games that expressed Sporting's excellent European pedigree. This loss however did nothing to deduct from the importance of this campaign in the hearts of all "Sportinguistas".

Throughout its long history, the football team of Sporting has enjoyed much European success, reaching 2 European finals and 2 European semi-finals: once in the Cup Winners Cup in 1974 and the other in the UEFA Cup in 1994, in both cases losing to the eventual winner of the competition.

At the start of its second century, Sporting was in no doubt in an enviable state of health: reinforced by the excellence of the work completed by the teams of Sporting in the previous decades, teams that continue to bear fruit and win titles.

Sporting has long held an advantage over its opponents, boasting the best athletics, futsal, table tennis, handball and swimming teams (mainly women), with recent titles also reinforcing again Sporting's dominance in athletics and handball. Sporting also holds most titles in futsal, a relatively new discipline, in which Sporting has enjoyed national, as well as international success.

At the same time, Sporting's athletes have been fighting for victory on all fronts. As Sporting commemorates its centenary, the efforts to keep the club in pole-position on all fronts continue, ensuring that the club is well prepared to deal with the present, as well as the future. The drive to maintain Sporting as Portugal's premier club consistently, as well as one of the best in Europe, continues.

It was Sporting's founding fathers that created the drive to maintain Sporting as on of Europe's greatest clubs. A drive that traces its roots all the way back to the ephemeral Sport Club de Belas and the fateful match against the group from Sintra. The work of all "Sportinguistas" has been characterised over the past 100 years by endless dedication, passion and ambition. Regardless of who carries the baton out front for Sporting, one thing remains certain: Sporting is the greatest sports club in Portugal and one of the best in Europe.

Name

Within Portugal, the Sporting Clube de Portugal is often referred to simply as "Sporting". Outside Portugal, the most commonly used designation for the club is "Sporting Lisbon". In the past, the club has attempted (unsuccessfully) to shed this name, particularly through ex-president Sousa Cintra and his staff, in an effort to become known abroad by its correct name. Despite this, the non-Portuguese media still uses Sporting Lisbon (or equivalent) due to precedent and to avoid confusion with other clubs such as Sporting Clube de Braga, Sporting Clube da Covilhã, Sporting Clube de Farense and Sporting de Gijón, instead of using a more accurate name like Sporting Portugal.

Organization

Sporting is a multisports club, composed by many different competitive departments, including football, futsal, athletics and handball, among others. The football department is the largest in terms of budget and popularity. The other sports departments of the club (the ranks of which include Olympic winners and World Champions) are managed by specialized professionals according to each sport's specificity and have their own decision-making bodies.

Football

Football is the most popular sport in Portugal and the Portuguese Liga is the most important sports championship, where the top teams earn a place in the most demanding and profitable European football competitions - the UEFA Champions League and the Europa League. The club's football team has won 18 national championship titles, 15 national cups and the former Cup Winners' Cup in 1964. Unfortunately, in the late 2000s, Sporting has failed to win a championship but consistently obtaining a 2nd place behind FC Porto and ahead of SL Benfica.

Sporting has been a major contender in the Portuguese Liga since its inception. The club's football department has developed an increasingly professionalized profile which operates in an increasingly competitive environment in both Portugal and Europe. In 1998, the football department of the club was reorganized into a company and issued stock on the market. Since then, Sporting - Sociedade Desportiva de Futebol, S.A.D., is a publicly traded company which is listed on the Euronext Lisbon stock exchange.

Facilities

Stadium

Sporting boasts a new stadium, Estádio José Alvalademarker, built for the UEFA Euro 2004 championship. Sporting also has a world-class football training facility (Academia Sporting in Alcochetemarker), which accommodated Portugal during the Euro 2004 competition, and has helped to produce some of the best Portuguese players, such as Luís Figo, Simão, Nani, Cristiano Ronaldo, and Ricardo Quaresma, among many others.

The stadium was designed by Tomás Taveira and was classified by UEFA as a 5-star stadium, enabling it to host finals of major UEFA events. This stadium - originally projected to hold only 40,000 spectators at any given time - has a capacity of 50,076 and was acoustically engineered as a venue for major concerts. Its official opening was on 6 August 2003 when Sporting played and beat Manchester United 3-1. It also hosted the 2005 UEFA Cup final between Sporting and CSKA Moscow, which CSKA Moscow won 3-1.

The stadium was also one of the stadia that hosted matches during the Euro 2004. There were five games played in Estádio José Alvalade, one of them being the semi-final between Portugal and the Netherlands, which Portugal won 2-1.

Sporting's youth academy

Famous for its football youth academy system which features a range of well-equipped facilities and is one of the most renowned in the world, Sporting has continuously developed many world class footballers. Some of its most notable home-bred footballers include João Moutinho, Miguel Veloso, Yannick Djaló, Bruno Pereirinha, Rui Patrício, Adrien Silva, Daniel Carriço, Marco Caneira, André Marques and Carlos Saleiro in the current squad, Paulo Futre (retired), Luís Figo (retired), Cristiano Ronaldo (Real Madrid), Nani (Manchester United), and Luís Boa Morte (West Ham United). The long list of valuable players who developed their skills in the youth academy of the club include other noted footballers such as Dani Carvalho (retired), who played for AFC Ajax, former FC Barcelona and FC Porto player Ricardo Quaresma (who joined Internazionale in 2008), Simão (Atlético Madrid), Hugo Viana (Valencia CF) and Miguel (Valencia CF, although he only played for the youth squads, before moving to Estrela da Amadora). Sporting's youth academy was considered by Luiz Felipe Scolari (former Portugal national coach) and José Pekerman (former Argentina national coach) as one of the best sports academies in the world. It was also the home training ground for the Portuguese national football team during Euro 2004. A great number of European clubs choose the Sporting's Academia for training in the off-season.

The Academy (known as the Academia de Alcochete) has been renamed Sporting/Puma Academy (Academia Sporting/Puma) to reflect the sponsoring and naming contract signed by the club and the sports brand Puma in 2006; the contract will last until 2012.

Honours

Domestic competitions



* Winners (4): 1922-1923, 1933-1934, 1935-1936, 1937-1938
* Runners-up (6): 1922, 1924-1925, 1927-1928, 1932-1933, 1934-1935, 1936-1937




* Winners (18): 1940–1941, 1943–1944, 1946–1947, 1947-1948, 1948-1949, 1950-1951, 1951-1952, 1952-1953, 1953-1954, 1957-1958, 1961-1962, 1965-1966, 1969-1970, 1973-1974, 1979-1980, 1981-1982, 1999-2000, 2001-2002
* Runners-up (19):




* Winners (15): 1940–41 1944–45 1945–46 1947–48 1953–54 1962–63 1970–71 1972–73 1973–74 1977–78 1981–82 1994–95 2001–02 2006–07 2007–08
* Runners-up (16):


* Winners (-)
* Runners-up (2): 2007-2008, 2008-2009




* Winners (7): 1982, 1987, 1995, 2000, 2002, 2007, 2008
* Runners-up (1): 1980


  • Lisbon Championship
* Winners (18): 1914-1915, 1918-1919, 1921-1922, 1922-1923, 1924-1925, 1927-1928, 1930-1931, 1933-1934, 1934-1935, 1935-1936, 1936-1937, 1937-1938, 1938-1939, 1940-1941, 1941-1942, 1942-1943, 1944-1945, 1946-1947
* Runners-up (10): 1907-1908, 1912-1913, 1916-1917, 1917-1918, 1920-1921, 1923-1924, 1925-1926, 1931-1932, 1939-1940, 1945-1946


  • Taça de Honra
* Winners (10): 1914-1915, 1915-1916, 1916-1917, 1946-1947, 1948-1949, 1960-1961, 1962-1963, 1964-1965, 1983-1984, 1990-1991
* Runners-up (-):


* Winner (1): 1943-1944


  • Copa BES


* Winners (1): 2005-2006
* Runners-up (3): 2003-2004, 2004-2005, 2007-2008


Major european competitions



* Winners (1): 1963-1964
* Runners-up (-):




* Winners (-)
* Runners-up (1): 2004-2005


* Winners (-)
* Runners-up (1): 1949


Friendly competitions

* Winners (1): 1961
* Runners-up (-):


* Winners (2): 1967, 1970
* Runners-up (1): 2005


* Winners (1): 1969
* Runners-up (-):


  • International Tournament in Caracas
* Winners (1): 1981
* Runners-up (-):


  • Tournament of Bulgaria
* Winners (1): 1981
* Runners-up (-):


  • Tournament City San Sebastián
* Winners (1): 1991
* Runners-up (-):


  • Iberian Cup
* Winners (1): 2000
* Runners-up (-):


* Winners (1): 2001
* Runners-up (1): 1977


* Winners (3): 2005, 2006, 2008
* Runners-up (-):


* Winners (1): 2006
* Runners-up (-):


* Winners (-)
* Runners-up (1): 2008


Current squad

 (a)
2nd


 (a)


3rd





 (b)
 (a)
 (b)
 (b)
 (a)
 (b)
 (b)
 (a)
 (b)
 (b)
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 (b)


 (b)
 (a)


(a) According to LPFP

(b) Players included in UEFA list B

Players with double Nationality

Squad changes for 2009-10

In Total spending: €3,635,000

Out

Main squad

Previously on loan players Total gain:

Yet to be solved

Out/Out on loan
  • André Filipe Martins
  • Rui Figueiredo
  • David Santos
  • Celsinho


Out on loan

(to Real Massamá)
(to União de Leiria)
(to Olhanense)
(to Estrela da Amadora)
 (to Real Massamá)
(to União de Leiria)
 (to Real Massamá)


 (to Real Massamá)
(to Real Massamá)
 (to Real Massamá)
(to Fátima)
 (to Real Massamá)
 (to Vitória de Setúbal)
 (to Videoton)


Clubs Officials

As of December 1, 2009.

Directive Board

  • President: José Eduardo Bettencourt
  • Vice-Presidents: Miguel Ribeiro Telles, Mário Moniz Pereira, Júlio Rendeiro, Rogério Brito, Luís Palha da Silva
  • Vowel: João Xara-Brasil


General Assembly

  • President: José Dias Ferreira
  • Vice-President: Paulo Ávila Abreu
  • Secretaries: Marcelo Godinho Rebanda, João Lino de Castro, António Terra da Mota


Fiscal and Disciplinary Council

  • President: Agostinho da Silva Abade
  • Vice-President: José Maria Ricciardi
  • Vowels: Rui Gonçalves Ascenção, Tito Arantes Fontes, Alberto Laplaine Guimarães, Sikander Abdul Sattar, Samuel Fernandes de Almeida
  • Substitutes: Sérgio Sousa Nunes, Felipe Xara-Brasil Monteiro


Sporting - Sociedade Desportiva de Futebol, S.A.D.

  • President: José Eduardo Bettencourt (Football, Commercial)
  • Vice-President: Miguel Ribeiro Telles (Non-executive)
  • President of the General Assembly: Rogério Alves
  • Vowels: Rita Corrêa Figueira (Administrative, Legal, Market, Compliance), Pedro Mil-Homens (Academy), Pedro Teles Baltazar (Non-executive), José Castro Guedes (Financial)


Coaching and Medical Staff

First team staff
  • Manager and Strength & conditioning coach: Carlos Carvalhal
  • Assistant managers: Rifa (Paulo Sampaio), João Mário, José Lima
  • Goalkeeping coach: Vítor Silvestre
  • Kitman: Paulinho (Paulo Gama)
  • Director of football: Ricardo Sá Pinto
  • Team Manager: Miguel Salema Garção
  • Director of communication: António Sousa Duarte
  • PR director: Maurício do Vale


Academy coaching staff
  • Director of youth football: Aurélio Pereira
  • Director of scouting: Paulo Cardoso
  • Under 19s director: Mário Lino
  • Under 19s head coach: Telmo Costa
  • Under 17s director: Jorge Cardoso
  • Under 17s head coach: Luís Dias
  • Under 16s delegate: Atanásio
  • Under 16s head coach: Nuno Lourenço
  • Under 15s director: Alberto Fernandes
  • Under 15s head coach: Luís Gonçalves
  • Under 15s directors: Luís Corado, José Costa
  • Under 14s head coaches: Pedro Gonçalves, Tiago Capaz
  • Under 13s head coach: Hugo Cruz
  • Under 12s head coach: José Gonçalves
  • Under 11s head coach: Vasco Noronha
  • Under 10s head coach: João Plantier
  • Under 9s head coach: Daniel Gonçalves


Medical staff
  • Club doctor: Dr. Gomes Pereira
  • Assistant club doctor: Dr. Virgílio Abreu
  • Masseur: Mário André


Others

Grupo Stromp
  • President: Carlos Graça de Oliveira
  • Vowels: Augusto Calixto Pires, Vítor Salgado


Os Cinquentenários
  • President: Carlos Araújo Sequeira
  • Vice-Presidents: Mário Casquilo, Maria de Lourdes Borge de Castro
  • Others: Carlos Canário, Isabel Batalha Ribeiro


Leões de Portugal
  • President: Raúl Baptista Gomes
  • Vice-Presidents: Pedro Rascão, Helena Dias Ferreira, Graça Nunes de Carvalho
  • Treasurer: Rui Ascenção
  • 1st secretary: Raúl Magalhães Faria
  • 2nd secretary: João Roque Martins


Club records

See Sporting Clube de Portugal records and statistics.

Other sports

Like many Portuguese sports clubs, Sporting fields teams and supports athletes in many events other than football, among them athletics (members include world-class athlete Carlos Lopes, Olympic Marathon Gold Medal in Los Angeles 84, Rui Silva, Naide Gomes and Francis Obikwelu), swimming, handball, table tennis, beach soccer, and futsal. Sporting's athletics department and the futsal team are especially notable. Sporting's futsal has won the league for 7 times out of 16 FPF sponsored tournaments.

Sporting Clube de Portugal's active sports departments besides the football department include:

Archery

  • Various types, adding up, amounts to more than 50 national titles and 2 European titles


Athletics

  • There are various titles in this sport but in the major ones, Sporting has almost 300 national titles and more than 30 European titles (1 time European champion)


Billiards

  • 36 individual national titles
  • 15 doubles national titles
  • 2 individual Cups of Portugal
  • 4 doubles Cups of Portugal
+ 100 titles in various types of billiards (Feminine, etc.)

Boxing

  • There are various types because of the age and weight but adding up the major titles, Sporting has more than 100 national titles.


Chess

  • 14 national titles and more than 20 in other variances of chess.


Full contact karate

  • 14 national titles
  • 1 Intercontinenatal Championship
  • 3 European Champion
  • 1 World Champion


Futsal

  • 7 League titles
  • 2 Cups of Portugal
  • 1 National Cup (*extinct)
  • 3 Portuguese Super Cups


Gymnastics

  • Sporting has more than 150 national titles, in the various types of gymnastics and 11 European titles.


Handball

  • 19 times National Champions: 2 Elite Division titles and 17 League titles
  • 12 Cups of Portugal
  • 2 Portuguese Super Cups


Shooting

  • 18 individual titles
  • 12 team titles
+ 50 other variances titles

Superleague Formula

Sporting CP has a team in the Superleague Formula race car series where football teams lend their name to cars. The team made its debut in the 2009 season with driver Pedro Petiz. The team is operated by former Formula One team Zakspeed.Sporting CP have 1 podium.

Swimming

  • There are various competitions, in general Sporting has more than 150 national titles and 3 European titles


Table tennis

  • + 50 League titles (11 in a row record)
  • 3 Portuguese/Spanish vs American Competition
  • 3 times Bronze Medal in European Championships


Taekwondo

  • In taekwondo, Sporting has performed almost like Boxing but adding up, Sporting has more than 50 national titles.


Weight-lifting

  • 16 national titles


Presidents

Full list:
  • Alfredo Augusto das Neves Holtreman (Visconde de Alvalade) - 1906-1910
  • Luís Caetano Pereira - 1910
  • José Holtreman Roquette (José Alvalade) - 1910-1912
  • Luís Caetano Pereira - 1912-1913
  • José da Mota Marques - 1913-1914
  • Daniel Queirós dos Santos - 1914-1918
  • Mário de Lemos Pistacchini - 1918
  • António Nunes Soares Júnior 1918
  • Mário de Lemos Pistacchini - 1918-1921
  • António Nunes Soares Júnior - 1921
  • Manuel Garcia Carabe - 1921-1922
  • Júlio Barreiros Cardoso de Araújo - 1922-1923
  • Pedro Sanches Navarro - 1923-1924
  • Júlio Barreiros Cardoso de Araújo - 1924-1925
  • José Salazar Carreira - 1925-1926
  • Pedro Sanches Navarro - 1926-1927
  • António Nunes Soares Júnior - 1927-1928
  • Joaquim Guerreiro de Oliveira Duarte - 1928-1929
  • Eduardo Mário Costa - 1929
  • Álvaro José de Sousa - 1929-1931
  • Artur Silva - 1931
  • Álvaro Luís Retamoza Dias - 1932
  • Joaquim Guerreiro de Oliveira Duarte - 1932-1942
  • Augusto Amado de Aguilar - 1942-1943
  • Prof. Dr. Diogo Alves Furtado - 1943
  • Alberto da Cunha e Silva - 1943-1944
  • Augusto Fernando Barreira de Campos - 1944-1946
  • António José Ribeiro Ferreira - 1946-1953
  • Carlos Cecílio Góis Mota - 1953-1957
  • Francisco de Cazal-Ribeiro - 1957-1958
  • Guilherme Braga Brás Medeiros - 1958-1961
  • Gaudêncio L. da Silva Costa - 1961-1962
  • Commodore Joel Azevedo da Silva Pascoal - 1962-1963
  • General Horácio de Sá Viana Rebelo - 1963-1964
  • General Martiniano A. Piarra Homem de Figueiredo - 1964-1965
  • Guilherme Braga Brás Medeiros - 1965-1973
  • Dr. Orlando Valadão Chagas - 1973
  • Manuel Henrique Nazareth - 1973
  • João António dos Anjos Rocha - 1973-1986
  • Amado de Freitas - 1986-1988
  • Jorge Manuel Alegre Gonçalves - 1988-1989
  • José de Sousa Cintra - 1989-1995
  • Pedro Miguel Santana Lopes - 1995-1996
  • José Alfredo Parreira Holtreman Roquette - 1996-2000
  • António Augusto Serra Campos Dias da Cunha - 2000-2005
  • Filipe Soares Franco - 2005-2009
  • José Eduardo Bettencourt - Since the 5th of June 2009


Supporters

Being one of the most popular teams in Portugal, Sporting Clube de Portugal is among the Portuguese clubs with more house clubs (houses that represent the club in a particular region in Portugal or outside the country), Sporting has more than 200 official houses and more than 90,000 club members.

Organised fan groups:
  • Juventude Leonina - The biggest and oldest supporters group in Portugal founded by the sons of a former Sporting president in 1976, having more than 3,000 members.
  • Directivo Ultras XXI - Formed by a former leader of Juve Leo regarding an internal problem that is now healed. One of the biggest supporters group in Portugal with almost 2,000 members.
  • Torcida Verde - Second oldest supporters group of Sporting, formed in 1984, Torcida Verde is very well known because of their demonstrations against alleged corruption in Portuguese football and by supporting the less visible sports of Sporting.


References

  1. Sporting Clube Portugal official website: crests
  2. Lisbon Championship
  3. "Taça Império" the inauguration of Estádio Nacional
  4. Copa BES
  5. Sporting Clube Portugal dispute Trofeo Ibérico
  6. Friendly tournament played in Córdoba in the El Arcángel Stadium
  7. Sporting Clube Portugal won the Copa Ciudad de Caracas in 1981
  8. Sporting Clube Portugal won "Tournament for the 1300th Anniversary of Bulgaria 1981"
  9. Tournament City San Sebastián
  10. Trophy Ibérico (Iberian Cup)


External links








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