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Spotsylvania County is a county in the U.S. state of Virginiamarker. As of the 2000 census, the population was 90,395, with the Census Bureau projecting it to be 120,031 in 2008, a 32.8% increase since 2000, making it the 84th fastest growing county in the nation during this time period. Its county seat is Spotsylvania Courthousemarker . The independent city of Fredericksburgmarker is located northeast of the county but is politically separate.

This county is a part of the Washington Metropolitan Area because of its vast numbers of commuters who travel north on Interstate 95 or the Virginia Railway Express (VRE) for work.


Spotsylvania County was established in 1721 from Essexmarker, King and Queenmarker, and King Williammarker counties. The county was named in Latin for Lieutenant Governor of Virginia Alexander Spotswood.

Many battles were fought in this county during the Civil War, including the Chancellorsvillemarker, the Wilderness, Fredericksburgmarker, and Spotsylvania Court Housemarker.

Stonewall Jackson was shot and mortally wounded in Spotsylvania County during the Battle of Chancellorsvillemarker,when a group of Confederate soldiers from North Carolina who were in the woods heard General Jackson's party returning from a reconnaissance of Union lines. They mistook him for a Federal patrol and shot him in both arms. His left was amputated, but he was unable to recover and died a few days later from pneumonia at nearby Guinea Station, where Confederate wounded were being gathered for evacuation to hospitals further south away from enemy lines.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 412 square miles (1,068 km²), of which, 401 square miles (1,038 km²) of it is land and 11 square miles (30 km²) of it (2.77%) is water.

It is bounded on the north by the Rappahannockmarker and Rapidan rivers, the independent city of Fredericksburgmarker, and the counties of Staffordmarker and Culpepermarker; on the south by the North Anna River and its impoundment, Lake Annamarker, and by the counties of Hanovermarker and Louisamarker; on the west by Orange Countymarker and Culpeper County; and on the east by Caroline Countymarker.

Adjacent counties

National protected area


Historical populations

1900 9,239
1910 9,935
1920 10,571
1930 10,056
1940 9,905
1950 11,920
1960 13,819
1970 16,424
1980 34,435
1990 57,403
2000 90,395
2005 114,960
2008 120,031
As of the census of 2000, there were 90,395 people, 31,308 households, and 24,639 families residing in the county. The population density was 226 people per square mile (87/km²). There were 33,329 housing units at an average density of 83 per square mile (32/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 82.89% White, 12.45% Black or African American, 0.32% Native American, 1.38% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.04% from other races, and 1.88% from two or more races. 2.81% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 31,308 households out of which 42.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.80% were married couples living together, 9.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.30% were non-families. 16.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.22.

In the county, the population was spread out with 30.00% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 32.20% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, and 8.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 97.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.00 males.

The 2006 median income for a household in the county was $72,453, and the median income for a family was $75,507. Males had a median income of $49,166 versus $38,076 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,458. About 3.90% of families and 5.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.70% of those under age 18 and 5.20% of those age 65 or over.

Law and Government

County Government

Spotsylvania County's highest level of management is that of County Administrator. C. Douglas Barnes is the Interim County Administrator. He oversees all county departments and agencies and serves as the Spotsylvania County's Board of Supervisors liaison to state and regional agencies.

Board of Supervisors

Spotsylvania is governed by a Board of Supervisors. The board consists of seven members (one from each district within the county). The Board of Supervisors sets county policies, adopts ordinances, appropriates funds, approves land rezoning and special exceptions to the zoning ordinance, and carries out other responsibilities set forth by the county code.

The following is the current list of supervisors and districts which they represent:

District Supervisor
Battlefield Benjamin T. Pitts
Berkeley Emmitt B. Marshall
Chancellor Henry "Hap" Connors, Jr.
Courtland Jerry I. Logan
Lee Hill Gary F. Skinner
Livingston T.C. Waddy
Salem Gary Jackson

State Representation

Spotsylvania County citizens are represented in the State Senate by Senator Ryan T. McDougle (R-District 4) and Senator R. Edward Houck (D-District 17). Representing Spotsylvania residents in the House of Delegates are: Delegate Robert D. Orrock, Sr. (R-54th District), Delegate Mark L. Cole (R-88th District) and Delegate Christopher "Chris" Kilian Peace (R-97th District).

Federal Representation

Spotsylvania residents are represented by either Eric Cantor (R-7th District) or Rob Wittman (R-1st District) in the House of Representatives. The current U.S. Senators from the Commonwealth of Virginia are Mark Warner (D) and Jim Webb (D).


Spotsylvania County Schools administers the public schools in the county. The public school system consists of more than 23,000 students across 28 different schools as of the 2007-08 school year.


Spotsylvania County has a total of 17 elementary, 7 middle, and 5 high schools. It also has one Career and Technical Center and participates with other local school systems to offer the Commonwealth Governor's School.SEE ALSO:

Spotsylvania County Public Schools for more information

Elementary Schools

  • Battlefield Elementary School
  • Berkeley Elementary School
  • Brock Road Elementary School
  • Cedar Forest Elementary School
  • Courthouse Road Elementary School
  • Courtland Elementary School
  • Chancellor Elementary School
  • Harrison Road Elementary School
  • Lee Hill Elementary School
  • Livingston Elementary School
  • R. E. Lee Elementary School
  • Parkside Elementary School
  • Riverview Elementary School
  • Smith Station Elementary School
  • Spotswood Elementary School
  • Salem Elementary School
  • Wilderness Elementary School

Middle Schools

  • Battlefield Middle School
  • Chancellor Middle School
  • Freedom Middle School
  • Ni River Middle School
  • Post Oak Middle School
  • Spotsylvania Middle School
  • Thornburg Middle School

High Schools

Spotsylvania Career and Technical Center

  • Spotsylvania Career and Technical Center

Colleges and Universities

Emergency services

Fire and rescue services in Spotsylvania County are provided by a combination of career and volunteer organizations. These organizations work together to provide quality service to the citizens of Spotsylvania County. The career staff of the Department of Fire, Rescue, and Emergency Management provide fire and rescue services from 04:40 AM till 6:00 PM Monday through Friday. The volunteer organizations include: Chancellor Volunteer Fire & Rescue, The Spotsylvania Volunteer Fire Department, and The Spotsylvania Volunteer Rescue Squad. Each organization is supplemented by Spotsylvania County Fire and Rescue during daytime hours.


Points of interest

Notable residents


External links

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