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Springfield Elementary School is a fictional school on The Simpsons, attended by Bart Simpson, Lisa Simpson and other Springfieldian children.

Springfield Elementary is a grossly underfunded school and suffers from the incompetence and apathy of its administration, teachers, staff and students. It is portrayed within the show as a satire of publicly funded schools and education in the United States. As an illustrative example and parody of the lengths undertaken by some schools to attempt to overcome underfunding, some Springfield Elementary School students (specifically Cletus and Brandine Spuckler's children) are purposely excluded from state or federal standardized testing regimes. The impetus being the maintenance of artificial school-wide averages and therefore basic levels of government support—a practice not unheard of in the United States and other systems where funding is tied to test results.

Established in the episodes "Separate Vocations" and "Pokey Mom", the school's mascot is a puma. It's revealed in the episode "Lisa Gets an "A"" that Springfield Elementary was at one time voted "The Most Dilapidated School in Missouri"—it was then moved, brick-by-brick, to Springfield. It has been stated several times that the school is filled with asbestos, and the underfunding of the school has resulted in a variety of troubling scenarios for students and staff. Sub-standard facilities abound; including a cinder block having replaced the school's tetherball, cafeteria food made from circus animals, shredded newspaper, and old gym mats, among others (only the teachers eat French fries made from potatoes). In one episode, prison inmates occupied the cloakrooms in the classrooms, in an effort to save money.

For a few episodes the school also had a tower with a winding staircase within which led to an observation area. This has since been removed. Other short period additions include a phoney disabled ramp access system built by the local Mafia and other constructions. In one episode the presentation hall is bulldozed to make way for a mini-mall.

The school's address is 19 Plympton Street, revealed in the episode "Bart on the Road" when Principal Skinner receives an envelope addressed to the school containing his airline tickets to Hong Kong.



In "Lisa the Vegetarian" it is shown that both Miss Hoover and Lunchlady Doris have access to "Independent Thought Alarms" which are sent to Principal Skinner's office and are both triggered by Lisa. Many of the school faculty seem very bored with their jobs and do not try to help students, leaving them to unfulfilling futures. They also take full advantage of any-and-all time off that they have.


Several of the teachers and staff smoke and drink, possibly brought on by teaching students with no obvious interest in learning. Otto Mann is shown to be a user of illicit drugs, and in one episode Lisa notices a smell of marijuana and remarks that "it smells like the art teacher's office." The teachers, e.g. Miss Hoover and Mrs. Krabappel don't seem to care whether or not the students achieve in their class, and seem to have given up on many of them.

Administration and Administrative staff

Principal W. Seymour Skinner

W. Seymour Skinner is the principal of Springfield Elementary School, and a stereotypical educational bureaucrat. He struggles to control the crumbling school and is constantly engaged in a battle against its inadequate resources, apathetic and bitter teachers, and often rowdy and unenthusiastic students (Bart Simpson and Nelson Muntz being standout examples). He often tries to exploit Lisa Simpson's genius to make the school look good. His birth name is Armin Tamzarian.

Superintendent Chalmers

Superintendent Gary Chalmers, voiced by Hank Azaria, is the superintendent of Springfield's school district. He first appears in the episode "Whacking Day." Chalmers is a strict and largely humorless man, with a short temper and low tolerance for disorder or rule-breaking; his general manner and personality are like those of a military officer. Whenever he visits Springfield Elementary, some sort of disaster strikes. He produces extreme anxiety in Principal Skinner, who offers increasingly improbable stories to explain what is happening. Chalmers is known for throwing open the doors to the room and bellowing "SKIN-NER!!!" or "SEY-MOUR!!!," to which Seymour stammers "S-Superintendent Chalmers!". His catchphrase has caused some paranoia in Skinner (as seen in "Lisa's Date with Density"). On a few occasions he says Skinner's name this way when absolutely nothing has gone wrong, implying that he either pronounces Skinner's name this way by habit, or does it on purpose to scare him. In one episode, he even pronounces the word "skimmer" in a similar manner to Skinner's name, who mistakes it as Chalmers wanting his attention. However, Chalmers does on occasion show a fondness for Skinner. In "The Debarted," both Skinner and Chalmers are lost in the foam of a massive explosion resulting from the mixture of Mentos and Diet Coke, he screams Skinner's name and upon not receiving an answer, says it again in a softer manner. Skinner then replies to which Chalmers tells him in a frightened voice, "Don't ever scare me like that again."

Chalmers own competence and dedication to his job are questionable. He lets Ned Flanders allow the school to descend into anarchy when he (Flanders) is principal, freely admitting that he had fired Skinner for far less, explaining simply that "Skinner really bugged me." He seems disturbingly unconcerned with the school's decline, saying that "the way America's public schools are sliding, they'll all be like this in a matter of months. I say enjoy it — it's a hell of a toboggan ride!" He also promotes people based on personal bias as opposed to actual competence, promoting Principal Holloway, described by Skinner as a "drunk" and Chalmers as a "pill-popper", to assistant superintendent, overlooking the efforts made by Skinner to improve his school's standing. In the episode "22 Short Films About Springfield," he mentions he is from Utica, New Yorkmarker. He has also mentioned that he attended Ball State Universitymarker in Muncie, Indianamarker.

In several episodes, such as "Bart the Fink," Chalmers is seen dating Agnes Skinner (much to Seymour's chagrin), although in other episodes he mentions he is married. He is mistakenly called "Super Nintendo Chalmers" by Ralph Wiggum in "Lisa Gets an "A"." His first name is revealed to be Gary in "Yokel Chords" and in "Wild Barts Can't Be Broken," it is revealed that he is a Spanish immigrant Senor Chalmers. In the DVD commentaries to "22 Short Films About Springfield" and "Grade School Confidential," it is noted that Superintendent Chalmers seems to be one of the few "normal" characters on the show and is frequently alone in his awareness of the show's zaniness.


Leopold, voiced by Dan Castellaneta, is Superintendent Chalmers' assistant. He is a large, surly, snarling man who is one of the few characters on The Simpsons to have eyebrows. When Principal Skinner has to be temporarily replaced Leopold stomps in, issues several threats, and terrifies the children by making them think he is the replacement, and then suddenly politely introduces the actual substitute, Ned Flanders. The children then collectively sigh with relief. The gag was repeated when Marge Simpson becomes a substitute teacher in the episode "The PTA Disbands". Leopold often refers to the children of Springfield Elementary as "little freaks."

State Comptroller Atkins

State Comptroller Atkins, voiced by Hank Azaria, is the comptroller of Springfield's state. In "Lisa Gets an "A"" he is sent to deliver the basic assistance grant to Springfield Elementary after Lisa cheats on a test and raises the school's GPA up to the state's minimum requirement. Otto's impersonation of Atkins suggests that he is of Canadian origin. He appears later in "Saddlesore Galactica," where he moderates the elementary school band competition at the state fair. He plans to give Lisa the unusually large good sportsmanship award until he hears her brand the first-place band "cheaters" for using glow-sticks in their performance. Atkins' most recent appearance was in "We're on the Road to D'ohwhere," in which Superintendent Chalmers and Atkins are participating in a video conference with Skinner. He is also on Lisa's list of "interesting adults" in "Moe'N'a Lisa".


Edna Krabappel

Edna Krabappel is a teacher in the fourth grade at Springfield Elementary. In some episodes she is shown as being an incompetent teacher who doesn't care if her students, especially Bart, fail at achieving high grades. She also has a fluctuating relationship with Principal Skinner. In "Bart the Lover," Krabappel scoffs at the idea of dating Skinner because "...his mommy won't let him out to play."

In other episodes prior to "Grade School Confidential" when Edna and Seymour first started their public relationship, and in subsequent episodes where the two are separated and/or indifferent to each other, Edna's love life has been portrayed as running the gamut from simply being lovelorn as seen in "Bart the Lover" to displaying extreme, bar-hopping nymphomania, i.e., "Flaming Moe's", "One Fish, Two Fish, Blowfish, Blue Fish", and "Future-Drama".

Elizabeth Hoover

Elizabeth Hoover is a second grade teacher at Springfield Elementary, voiced by Maggie Roswell and Marcia Mitzman Gaven while Roswell was involved in a pay dispute. Miss Hoover has been worn down by her years in the public school system, and in Lisa Gets an "A" implies that she frequently drinks during lunch. She is very apathetic and bored with her job, and seems overwhelmed with stress, seeking whatever remedies she can to alleviate it. She is often seen smoking even while teaching, once even under a "No Smoking" sign in the assembly hall. Her desperate attempts to regain her stability include rushing out of class to recite "Calm blue ocean, calm blue ocean" with her eyes closed, and even, on two occasions, getting into her car and driving off.

She is in particular weary of dealing with Lisa's unbridled enthusiasm (though initially she seemed proud of Lisa) and Ralph's mishaps and inanities. A typical response to one of his difficulties is, "The children are right to laugh at you, Ralph." She was replaced by a substitute teacher, Mr. Bergstrom, when she thought she had Lyme disease. It turned out that her condition was psychosomatic, which the children thought that meant that she was both "faking it" and "crazy." At the beginning of the series, her hair was blue, which changed to red, then changed to brown (her current hair color).

Dewey Largo

Mr. Largo
Dewey Largo, voiced by Harry Shearer, is the music teacher, whom Lisa credited with proving that any piece of music could have the soul sucked out of it. He is very uncreative and is a poor, pathetic music conductor.

He has not played a large role in the series, but was originally intended to be an uptight foil for Lisa, and her non-conformist ways. In one episode, however, in which Lisa first meets Bleeding Gums Murphy, he criticizes Lisa's creative freedom with the piece he is conducting, and blatantly hopes that the class won't suffer from her creativity. In one issue of the Simpsons comic, he is mentioned to be head of the school's "Talent Restraint Board". After the first few seasons, Mr. Largo was rarely seen and has only had speaking parts in approximately one episode per season, even though he is often an extra in crowds. However he has since resurfaced as a recurring character in the seventeenth season, making appearances in several episodes. His backwards push was noted in "Homer to the Max". When Lisa notes that some TV shows push characters into the background, Mr. Largo walks by the window.

In the 17th season episode "My Fair Laddy", after Willie left Springfield Elementary, the grounds-keeping work was passed on to the next lowest person employed at the school, which turned out to be Largo. Also in the 17th season in the episode "Homer's Paternity Coot" it is revealed that Largo was accepted to the Juilliard Schoolmarker, but never got the letter as it was frozen atop Mount Springfield. He ended up at Springfield Elementary instead.

Mr. Largo has banned the "forbidden music" also known as "Pop Goes the Weasel". His last name Largo is also an Italian word for a slow, broad musical tempo, a possible reference to the fact that he can make any piece of music uninteresting.

In "Eeny Teeny Maya Moe" he wanted a sex change operation to look like Julie Newmar, but instead ended up having an operation to make him shorter, which was intended for Moe.

Largo kicks Lisa out of band in the openings of each episode.

Brunella Pommelhorst

The school gym teacher, voiced by Tress MacNeille. First appeared in "Moaning Lisa", although her name isn't mentioned until "The PTA Disbands" (Her full name is also printed in The Simpsons One Step Beyond Forever!: A Complete Guide to Our Favorite Family ...Continued Yet Again). Mrs. Pommelhorst is seen sometimes in crowd shots, but rarely speaks. She has blond hair and usually wears a whistle and takes a tough-as-nails approach to teaching. In "Little Girl in the Big Ten", she decides that because of the oath she took on Xena, she has to fail Lisa but decides to let her make it up by taking private lessons. In a more recent episode, "My Fair Laddy", she decides to go leave for the year and return the next semester as "Mr. Pommelhorst, the new shop teacher." Her name is very likely derived from a fixture in gymnasiums, the Pommel horse.

Coach Krupt

Coach Krupt, voiced by Hank Azaria, is a gym teacher who is obsessed with the game Bombardment, where he hits students with balls relentlessly, even ignoring medical orders that would prevent him from assaulting his students. He also plays this game with bread rolls in restaurants. He is the substitute teacher for Ms. Pommelhorst who is taking a leave of absence, because she's recovering from sex reassignment surgery. Krupt has a wife and two children, a boy and a girl. Coach Krupt was seen in the episode "My Fair Laddy". He later appears in "How the Test Was Won". It is possible that his surname is derived from "corrupt".

Audrey McConnell

Third grade teacher, voiced by Tress MacNeille. She is introduced in "Bart vs. Lisa vs. the Third Grade". Uncharacteristically for a teacher at Springfield Elementary, she doesn't seem as downbeat or exasperated as Edna Krabappel or Ms. Hoover, displaying a certain degree of cheerfulness, confidence and competence. However this is somewhat abated by upon introducing the Simpsons kids to her class she openly refers Ms. Hoover as an alcoholic and Ms. Krabappel as a slut in addition to immediately breaking down after the failure of the buddy system.

Mr. Glascock

Mr. Glascock is a teacher who becomes very upset when students make fun of his name and threatens to quit. Principal Skinner promises, after Bart becomes hall monitor and cleans up the corruption at school, that no one will ever make light of his name again. He is placated, until a jealous Lisa acts out and steals all the teacher's aids, causing the school to degenerate into a cesspool again.

Mr. Kupferberg

Mr. Kupferberg is the French teacher who can't speak French, as exposed by Lisa. He is voiced by Hank Azaria. He spoke only within one episode, and appeared in later episodes.

Mr. Johnson

First seen in the episode "Little Orphan Millie", Mr. Johnson is a third grade gym teacher at Springfield Elementary. He is an advocate of rope climbing, not only for physical fitness, but also for its real world applications. Quite expectedly, his students think his class is useless.

School staff

Groundskeeper Willie

Groundskeeper Willie is Springfield Elementary School's groundskeeper and custodian who drives a tractor and lives in a shack behind the school.

Otto Mann

Otto Mann is the bus driver of Springfield Elementary. His apparent sole pastime is playing the guitar, which, according to him, was "all [he] did when [he] was growing up." His catch phrase is "All right!" and he is much endeared to students of Springfield Elementary, especially Bart.He uses cannabis (as seen with Homer, who used it medicinally).

Lunchlady Doris

Lunchlady Doris Peterson, voiced by Doris Grau up until her death, and now voiced by Tress MacNeille, is a sardonic chef for Springfield Elementary. She can frequently be seen serving deeply unpleasant meals, such as animal genitalia and ground up gym mats, because of the school budget cutbacks. She has also made a handful of appearances acting as a school nurse, apparently due to budget cutbacks.

After Grau's death in 1995, Lunchlady Doris was retired out of respect for over 10 years. Due to the delay between recording some episodes and the time they actually air, Grau's voice was included in episodes airing as late as 1997 such as "Lisa's Sax." Lunchlady Doris is seen as a silent background character until she speaks in the 18th season during "The Mook, the Chef, the Wife and Her Homer," where she is voiced by Tress MacNeille, season 19's "The Debarted," where she is again voiced by Tress MacNeille but with a different voice, and season 20's "Father Knows Worst".

It is implied in "Team Homer" that she is the mother of Squeaky Voiced Teen.

Dr. J. Loren Pryor

Dr. J. Loren Pryor, voiced by Harry Shearer, is the school psychologist. He is based on an early design for Seymour Skinner, and first appears in "Bart the Genius" where he decides to send Bart to a school for gifted children after Bart cheats on a test. Bart later approaches him to request returning to Springfield Elementary. In "Bart Gets an F," he tells Bart that he may have to repeat the fourth grade. He appears again, discussing Bart's problems at school and Lisa's special gift in a flashback sequence of "Lisa's Sax." In this episode he also inadvertently reveals that Milhouse Van Houten possesses "flamboyantly homosexual" tendencies. Pryor does not appear again for several years until the episode "See Homer Run," in which he tells Lisa that she is going through a developmental condition. He has made a few background appearances since this episode, usually amongst the school's faculty.


Myra has only appeared once, in "We're on the Road to D'ohwhere", as Principal Skinner's secretary.

Miss Phipps

Miss Phipps is a nurse at the school. She appears in Bart Gets an F, where she is voiced by Jo Ann Harris, and Lisa's Sax in a non-speaking role. It is implied in later episodes that Miss Phipps is replaced by Lunchlady Doris due to budget cutbacks.

Name of South Carolina school

In 1994, the naming of a new elementary school in Greenwood, South Carolinamarker was left up to the students, and the name Springfield Elementary was chosen. The school board was unaware of the connection to The Simpsons until a protest by one group of parents, who argued that Bart was a poor role model. The name stood, and the school opened in August 1994. Bart Simpson weighed in on the controversy, in a statement from the Fox Network where he said "at least they didn't call it Beavis and Butt-head Elementary".[10166]

See also


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