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Srikakulam District ( ), formerly known as Chicacole, is the northern most district of Andhra Pradeshmarker, Indiamarker.

Srikakulam District is the extreme Northeastern District of Andhra Pradesh situated within the geographic co-ordinates of 18°-20’ and 19°-10’ of Northern latitude and 83°-50’ and 84°-50’ of Eastern longitude. The District is skirted to a distance by Kandivalasagedda, Vamsadhara and Bahuda at certain stretches of their courses white a line of heights of the great Eastern Ghats run from North East. Vizianagaram District flanks in the south and west while Orissa bounds it on the north and Bay of Bengal on the East .The total area of the District is 5837 Sq. Km. It has a population of 2537593 persons according to the 2001 census. The District derived its name from Srikakulam its headquarters town. Srikakulam District was carved out in 1950 by bifurcating it from Visakhapatnam District, it remained unaffected in its territorial jurisdiction for quite some time. But in November, 1969 the District lost 63 Villages from Saluru Taluk and 44 Villages from Bobbili Taluk on account of their transfer to the then newly constituted Gajapathinagaram Taluk of Visakhapatnam District. Again in May, 1979, the District had undergone major territorial changes on account of the formation of new District with head quarters at Vizianagaram which involved transfer of Salur, Bobbili, Parvathipuram and Cheepurupalli Taluks to the new District.

The District capital is Srikakulammarker, a municipality and mandal headquarters of Srikakulam mandal. Srikakulam formly known as Poor Man's ooty.

There are 6 urban units in Srikakulam District. Out of these, 4 are Municipalities and 2 are notified Panchayats. The Population details of lthese urban units are as follows:

Municipalities Population

1) Srikakulam 117,320

2) Amadalavalasa 37,931

3) Ichapuram 32,662

4) Palasa-Kasibugga 49,899

TOWNS

1) Rajam 23,424

2) Sompeta 17,423

Major Railway Stations:

Amadalavalasa (Srikakulam Road) Code: CHE

Palasa Code: PSA

Ichchapuram Code:IPM

Sompeta Code: SPT

Geographical divisions

Srikakulam district can be divided into two main distinct natural divisions. A portion of Srikakulam district is plain terrain with intense agriculture and another portion of the district is rocky and hilly terrain covered with forests. Some extent of Mahendragiri hills also covers Srikakulam district. Most of the forest area of the plain terrain has been damaged by intense agriculture. Kotthurumarker, Hiramandalammarker, Pathapatnammarker, Kalingadal reservoir and some other areas are still covered with dense forests.

Places of interest

Temples:
  • Surya Narayana Swamy Temple at Arasavalli,
  • Sri Kurmanadha Swamy Temple at Sri Kurmammarker,
  • Venu Gopala Swamy Temple at Salihundam,
  • Konnamma Temple at Korni,
  • Santoshi Matha Temple at Srikakulam,
Buddhist tourist places:

Other:
Srikakulam is located 100 km north of Visakhapatnam. It has a population of 2,537,593 of which 10.98% is urban as of 2001.

Srikakulam district has the longest coast line about 193 km in the state of Andhra Pradesh. It is bordered by Orissamarker on the north, Vizianagaram districtmarker on the west and south, Bay of Bengalmarker on the east.

Rivers:
  1. River Nagavalimarker,
  2. River Vamsadharamarker ,
  3. Mahendratanaya,
  4. Champavati,
  5. Bahuda,
  1. KumbhikotaGedda,
  2. Suvarnamukhi,
  3. Vegavati,
  4. Gomukhi.


Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies

There are 3 Parliamentary Constituencies and 12 Assembly Constituencies in Srikakulam. district.







The 12 Assembly Constituencies are:


Revision of Assembly Constituencies

12 MLA constituencies are reduced to 10 and renamed as

>
Name of const'. mandals population SC ST
1.Srikakulam Assembly Constituency Srikakulam, Gara, Srikakulam Town. 262,149 19,438 1,009
2.Etcherla Ranastalam, Laveru, Etcherla, G.Sigadam. 281,908 32,005 1,412
3.Rajammarker Rajam, Santakaviti, R-Amadalavalasa, Vangara. 264,867 31,303 2,998
4.Amadalavalasamarker Amadalavalasa, Sarubujjili, Burja, Ponduru 231,602 22,509 2,586
5.Palakondamarker Palakonda, Seetampeta, Bhamini, Veeragattam. 230,814 32,207 61,140
6.Narasannapetamarker Narasannapeta, Polaki, Jalumuru, Saravakota. 249,001 14,906 6,944
7.Pathapatnammarker Pathapatnam, Meliaputti, Hiramandalam, Kotturu, L.N. Peta. 243,092 27,937 36,850
8.Tekkalimarker Tekkali, Nandigam, Santabommali, Kotabommali. 258,815 14,906 6,944
9.Palasamarker Palasa, Mandasa, V.Kotturu. 233,650 12,638 13,469
10.Ichapurammarker Ichapuram, Kanchili, Kaviti, Sompeta 281,679 9,995 16,600


Irrigation

Rivers : There are 9 rivers present in Srikakulam district.
  • Vamsadhara
  • Nagavali
  • Suvarnamukhi
  • Vegavathi
  • Mahendrathanaya
  • Gomukhi
  • Champavathi
  • Bahuda
  • KumbikotaGedda


The Nagavali and Vamsadhara are the major rivers in Srikakulam district. These two river basins together constitute about 5% of the area. The Mahendratanaya and Bahuda rivers are two minor river basins in the district. Others are Benjigedda, Peddagedda, Kandivalasa gedda.

  1. Major irrigation projects: VamsadharaProject, Narayanapuram Anicut, Thotapalli Regulator and
  2. Medium irrigation projects: Pydigam Project, Onigadda are providing a total ayacut of 69,373 acres.
  3. Irrigation Water societies (telugu = Neeti Sanghalu): The societies are major and minor:
    • In the major category for Vamsadhara project 54 water societies are present and other 44 major societies to a total of 100 major.
    • Minor societies are 402
    • Through the 38 Mandals in the Srikakulam district these societies are distributed under the channel name and for each society there are Pradesika Societies about 6-8 will be elected among the farmers. In the Srikakulam district about 75,000 farmer voters are participating in these Irrigation water society elections.


Industries





Revenue divisions and Mandals

There are three revenue divisions and 38 mandals in the Srikakulam district. The revenue divisions are Srikakulammarker, Tekkalimarker and Palakondamarker.
SRIKAKULAM DIVISION TEKKALI DIVISION PALAKONDA DIVISION
1.Veeraghattammarker 2.Vangara 3.Regidi Amadalavalasa
4.Rajammarker 5.Ganguvari Sigadammarker 6.Laveru
7.Ranastalam 8.Etcherla 9.Pondurumarker
10.Santhakavati 11.Burja 12.Palakondamarker
13.Seethampeta 14.Bhamini 15.Kothurumarker
16.Hiramandalammarker 17.Sarubujjili 18.Amadalavalasamarker
19.Srikakulammarker 20.Garamarker 21.Polakimarker
22.Narasannapetamarker 23.Jalumurumarker 24.Saravakotamarker
25.Pathapatnammarker 26.Meliaputtimarker 27.Tekkalimarker
28.Kotabommalimarker 29.Santhabommali 30.Nandigammarker
31.Vajrapu Kotturu 32.Palasamarker 33.Mandasamarker
34.Sompetamarker 35.Kanchilimarker 36.Kavitimarker
37.Ichchapurammarker 38.Lakshminarasupeta


See also



References

External links




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