The Full Wiki

More info on St. James's Park

St. James's Park: Map


Wikipedia article:

Map showing all locations mentioned on Wikipedia article:

St. James's Park is a 23 hectare (58 acre) park in Westminstermarker, central Londonmarker, the oldest of the Royal Parks of Londonmarker. The park lies at the southernmost tip of the St. James'smarker area, which was named after a leper hospital dedicated to St. James the Less.

St. James's Park is bounded by Buckingham Palacemarker to the west, The Mallmarker and St. James's Palacemarker to the North, Horse Guardsmarker to the east, and Birdcage Walkmarker to the south. The park has a small lake, St. James's Park Lake, with two islands, Duck Island (named for the lake's collection of waterfowl), and West Island. A bridge across the lake affords a view of Buckingham Palace framed by trees and fountains, and a view of the main building of the Foreign and Commonwealth Officemarker, similarly framed, to the east.

The park is the most easterly of a near-continuous chain of parks that also comprise (moving westward) Green Parkmarker, Hyde Parkmarker and Kensington Gardensmarker. The closest London Underground stations are St. James's Parkmarker, Victoriamarker, and Westminstermarker.


In 1532, Henry VIII purchased the area of swampy marshland, often flooded by the Tyburnmarker, from Eton Collegemarker. This land lay to the West of York Palace, recently acquired by Henry from Cardinal Wolsey; it was purchased in order to turn York Palace into a dwelling fit for a king. On James I's accession to the throne in 1603, he ordered the park drained and landscaped, and kept exotic animals in the park, including camels, crocodiles, and an elephant, as well as aviaries of exotic birds along the south.

During Charles II's exile in Francemarker under the Commonwealth of England, the young king was impressed by the elaborate gardens at French royal palaces, and on his ascension had the park redesigned in a more formal style, probably by the French landscaper André Mollet. This included the creation of the 775 by 38 metre (850 by 42 yard) canal visible in the old plan. Charles II opened the park to the public, as well as using the area to entertain guests and mistresses, such as Nell Gwyn. The park was notorious at the time as a meeting place for acts of degeneracy, of which John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester wrote in his poem A Ramble in St. James's Park.

The 18th century saw further changes, including the reclamation of part of the canal for Horse Guards Parademarker and the 1761 purchase of Buckingham House (now Buckingham Palace) by the Royal Family.

Further remodelling in 1826–7, commissioned by the Prince Regent (later George IV) and overseen by the architect and landscaper John Nash, saw the straight canal's conversion to a more naturally-shaped lake, and formal avenues rerouted to romantic winding pathways. At the same time, Buckingham House was expanded to create the current palace and Marble Archmarker was built at its entrance, whilst The Mallmarker was turned into a grand processional route, opened to public traffic 60 years later in 1887, the Marble Arch having been moved to its current location at the junction of Oxford Streetmarker and Park Lanemarker in 1851 and replaced with the Victoria Memorialmarker between 1906 and 1924.


Image:St James's Park Panorama - Sept 2006.jpg|St. James's Park Lake, looking east from the bridge. The Shell Towermarker and the London Eyemarker can be seen behind the main building of the Foreign and Commonwealth Officemarker.Image:Buckingham Palace viewed from St. James's park.jpg|St. James's Park Lake, looking northwest. Buckingham Palacemarker can be seen in the background.Image:Yotam 1 217.jpg|The park has yellow flowersImage:St James's Park Pelicans.jpg|The park has a group of pelicans which are fed daily at 2.30pm.Image:StJamesParkFlowers 10.JPG|Spring flowers at the Queen Anne's Gate entrance to St James's Park.

External links and references


  2. St. James's Park - History

Embed code: at The Full Wiki'>

Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address