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St. Joseph Island is a Canadian island in Lake Huronmarker, near the mouth of the St. Marys Rivermarker which connects Lake Huron with Lake Superiormarker. It is the second largest island in Lake Huron (after Manitoulin Islandmarker) and the third largest in the Great Lakesmarker overall, trailing Manitoulin and Lake Superiormarker's Isle Royalemarker.

St. Joseph Island has a year-round population of around 2000, and is connected to the mainland by the Highway 548 bridge spanning the North Channelmarker of Lake Huron. There is another segment of Highway 548 that circles the island. The largest towns on the island are Hilton Beachmarker and Richards Landingmarker. Tourism is the primary source of income, while logging, maple syrup, and agriculture are of lesser importance. The island is a popular tourist destination, especially for residents from nearby Sault Ste.marker Mariemarker.

History

St. Joseph Island's location at this vital gateway to Lake Superior made it important for trade with First Nations peoples and for defence. After Mackinac Islandmarker was handed over to the United Statesmarker, the Britishmarker chose to fortify equally strategic St. Joseph island in 1796. The British troops based at Fort St. Josephmarker captured the American Fort Mackinacmarker during the War of 1812. After the war ended the fort was abandoned, but the site and remaining structures are now a National Historic Site, managed by Parks Canada.

Municipalities on St. Joseph Island



See also



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