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St. Helier is a residential estate in the Londonmarker boroughs of Mertonmarker and Suttonmarker. The portion of the estate north of Green Lane and Bishopsford Road is in Merton, the rest is in Sutton.

History

The estate was built between 1928 and 1936 by the London County Council for the re-housing of people from decaying inner London areas. Its development was spurred by the opening of Morden Underground stationmarker in 1926, and the Wimbledon to Sutton railway line in 1930, with a station at St Heliermarker. These services provided rapid links into central London for the residents.

The estate was named in honour of Lady St. Helier, who was an LCC Alderman from 1910 to 1927. It was the second largest (after the Becontreemarker-Dagenhammarker estate) of a series of 'out-county' estates and was based on the Garden City ideas of Ebenezer Howard. The area had previously consisted largely of lavender fields, the last remnants of the famous Mitchammarker lavender industry.

In remembrance of the area's historic ownership by Westminster Abbeymarker, the roads are named in alphabetical order after Monasteries and Abbeys starting in the north-west with Aberconway Road and ending with Woburn Road in the south-east.

The imposing St. Helier Hospitalmarker was opened in 1938. John Major, UK Prime Minister from 1990 to 1997, was born there.

The estate's Bishop Andrewes Church, in Wignore Road, was designed by the architect Geddes Hyslop in 1933.

Today

Today ownership of housing on the estate is split between private and local authority, with many people taking advantage of the right to buy scheme since the 1970s. The hospital still exerts an imposing presence on the estate, both economically and physically. Most of the buildings are original and many are still being used for their original purposes. There has been a little amount of infilling around the outskirts, and the estate now merges into the suburbs of Sutton, Carshaltonmarker and Mordenmarker.

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