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St James's is an area of central Londonmarker in the City of Westminstermarker. It is bounded to the north by Piccadillymarker, to the west by Green Parkmarker, to the south by The Mallmarker and St James's Parkmarker and to the east by The Haymarketmarker.

History

St James's was once part of the same royal park as Green Parkmarker and St. James's Parkmarker. In the 1660s, Charles II gave the right to develop the area to Henry Jermyn, 1st Earl of St Albans, who proceeded to develop it as a predominantly aristocratic residential area with a grid of streets centred on St James's Square.

Until the Second World War, St James's remained one of the most exclusive residential enclaves in London. Famous residences in St James's include St James's Palacemarker, Clarence Housemarker, Marlborough Housemarker, Lancaster Housemarker, Spencer House, Schomberg Housemarker and Bridgewater House. It is now a predominantly commercial area with some of the highest rents in London and, consequently, the world. Corporate offices in St James's include the global headquarters of BP and Rio Tinto Group. The auction house Christie's is based in King Street, and the surrounding streets contain a great many upmarket art and antique dealers.

St James's is also the home of many of the best known gentlemen's club in London, and is sometimes, though not as often as formerly, referred to as "Clubland". The "clubs" found here are organisations of English high society. A variety of groups congregate here, such as: royals, military officers, motoring enthusiasts, and other groups. In 1990, the Carlton Clubmarker, traditional meeting place for members of the Conservative Party, was struck by an IRA bomb. See List of London's gentlemen's clubs. In a similar vein, the area is also home to fine wine merchants Justerini and Brooks and Berry Brothers and Rudd, at numbers 61 and 3 St James's Streetmarker respectively. Adjoining St James's Street is Jermyn Streetmarker, famous for its many tailors. St James's is also famous for being home to some of the most famous cigar retailers in London. At 35 St James's Street is Davidoff of London, 19 St James's Street is home to J.J. Fox and 50 Jermyn St has Dunhill; this makes the area a Cuban cigar haven.

The area has a good number of art galleries, covering a spectrum of tastes. The White Cubemarker gallery, which represents Damien Hirst and Tracey Emin, had originally opened in Duke Street, St James's, then moved to Hoxton Squaremarker. In September 2006, it opened a second gallery in St James's at 25–26 Mason's Yard, off Duke Street, on a plot previously occupied by an electricity sub-station. The gallery, designed by MRJ Rundell & Associates, is the first free-standing building to be built in the St James's area for more than 30 years.

Notable streets

These include:

Economy

BP is headquartered in St. James's.

Education

References

  1. " Contact BP in the United Kingdom." BP. Retrieved on 18 August 2009.


External links




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