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Staffordshire ( or ; abbreviated Staffs) is a landlocked county in the West Midlands region of Englandmarker. Part of the National Forest lies within its borders. It adjoins the ceremonial counties of Cheshiremarker, Derbyshiremarker, Leicestershiremarker, Warwickshiremarker, West Midlands, Worcestershire, and Shropshiremarker.

The largest city in Staffordshire is Stoke-on-Trentmarker, which is administered separately from the rest of the county as an independent unitary authority. Lichfieldmarker also has city status, although this is a considerably smaller cathedral city. Major towns include Staffordmarker (the county town), Burton upon Trentmarker, Cannockmarker, Newcastle-under-Lymemarker and Tamworthmarker. Wolverhamptonmarker and Walsallmarker were also in Staffordshire until local government reorganisation in 1974, but are now within the West Midlands county.

Apart from Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire is divided into the districts of Cannock Chasemarker, East Staffordshiremarker, Lichfieldmarker, Newcastle-under-Lymemarker, South Staffordshiremarker, Stafford, Staffordshire Moorlands, and Tamworthmarker.

History

Historically, Staffordshire was divided into the five hundred of Cuttlestone, Offlow, Pirehill, Seisdonmarker, and Totmonslow.

Lichfield Cathedral


The historic boundaries of Staffordshire cover much of what is now the metropolitan county of West Midlands. An administrative county of Staffordshire was set up in 1889 under the Local Government Act 1888 covering the county except the county boroughs of Wolverhamptonmarker, Walsallmarker, and West Bromwichmarker in the south (the area known as the Black Countrymarker), and Hanleymarker in the north. The Act also saw the towns of Tamworthmarker (partly in Warwickshire) and Burton upon Trentmarker (partly in Derbyshire) united entirely in Staffordshire.

In 1553 Queen Mary made Lichfieldmarker a county separate from the rest of Staffordshire. It remained so until 1888.

Handsworthmarker and Perry Barrmarker became part of the county borough of Birminghammarker in the early 20th century, and thus associated with Warwickshiremarker. Burton, in the east of the county, became a county borough in 1901, and was followed by Smethwickmarker, another Black Country town in 1907. In 1910 the six towns of the Staffordshire Potteries, including Hanley, became the single county borough of Stoke-on-Trentmarker.

A major reorganisation in the Black Country in 1966, under the recommendation of the Local Government Commission for England led to the creation of an area of contiguous county boroughs. The County Borough of Warleymarker was formed by the merger of the county borough of Smethwickmarker and municipal borough of Rowley Regismarker with the Worcestershire borough of Oldburymarker : the resulting county borough was associated with Worcestershire. Meanwhile, the county borough of Dudleymarker, historically a detached part of Worcestershire, expanded and became associated with Staffordshire instead. This reorganisation led to the administrative county of Staffordshire having a thin protusion passing between the county boroughs (to the east) and Shropshire, to the west, to form a short border with Worcestershire.

Under the Local Government Act 1972, on April 1, 1974 the county boroughs of the Black Country and the Staffordshire urban district of Aldridge-Brownhillsmarker became, along with Birmingham, Solihull, and Coventry and other districts, a new metropolitan county of West Midlands. County boroughs were abolished, with Stoke becoming a non-metropolitan district in Staffordshire, and Burton forming an unparished area in the district of East Staffordshiremarker. On April 1, 1997, under a recommendation of the Banham Commission, Stoke-on-Trent became a unitary authority independent of Staffordshire once more.

Economy

This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of the non-metropolitan county of Staffordshire at current basic prices published (pp. 240-253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.
Year Regional Gross Value Added Agriculture Industry Services
1995 6,447 209 2,349 3,889
2000 8,621 150 2,986 5,485
2003 10,169 169 3,164 6,835


  1. Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
  2. includes hunting and forestry
  3. includes energy and construction
  4. includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured
Some National and Internationally known Companies have their base in Staffordshire.They include The Britannia Building Society which is based in Leekmarker. JCB are based in Rocestermarker near Uttoxetermarker.The Theme park Alton Towersmarker is in the Staffordshire Moorlands and several of the worlds largest Pottery Manufacturers are based in Stoke On Trentmarker.

Education

Staffordshire has a completely comprehensive system with eight independent schools. Most secondary schools are from 11-16 or 18, but two in Staffordshire Moorlands and South Staffordshire are from 13-18. Resources are shared where appropriate, as per the example of Kingsmead Technology Collegemarker, Blake High School and Norton Canes High School combining their sixth forms to create a 'Sixth Form Consortium', which can offer a greater selection of subjects than each school could individually.

Two major universities are located in the county. Keele Universitymarker is located in Newcastle-under-Lymemarker. Staffordshire University has two campuses; one located in Stoke-on-Trentmarker, the other in Staffordmarker.

Geography

In the north and in the south the county is hilly, with wild moorlands in the far north and Cannock Chasemarker an area of natural beauty in the south. In the middle regions the surface is low and undulating. Throughout the entire county there are vast and important coal fields. In the southern part there are also rich iron ore deposits. The largest river is the Trent. The soil is chiefly clay and agriculture was not highly developed until the mechanisation of farms. it is hilly

Staffordshire is also home to the highest village in Britain, Flashmarker. The village in the Staffordshire Moorlands stands at 463 m (1518 ft) above sea level. This record was confirmed in 2007 by the Ordnance Surveymarker after Wanlockheadmarker in Scotlandmarker also claimed the record. The BBC's The One Show investigated the case in a bid to settle the argument and Flash turned out to be the highest.

Government

Staffordshire County Council is the top-tier local authority for the non-metropolitan county.

Latest Council Election results

Boundary changes

Towns and villages

See the list of places in Staffordshire and the List of civil parishes in Staffordshire

Dogs

A type of bull terrier called the Staffordshire Bull Terrier was bred for hunting purposes in this county. They are known affectionately as "Staffs", "Staffies", and "Nanny-dogs". Staffies should not be confused with the considerably larger American Staffordshire Terrier, American Pit Bull Terrier, and (English) Bull Terrier.

Transport

Canals

Staffordshire has an extensive network of canals including the Birmingham and Fazeley Canal, Caldon Canalmarker, Coventry Canal, Shropshire Union Canalmarker and Trent and Mersey Canal.

Railways

See Rail transport in Staffordshire

Roads

The county has relatively good links to the national roads network. Several major roads intersect the county, making it a popular location for commuters working in Birmingham.

The M42 has a junction in Tamworth at the south-east of the county, and heads south-west towards Birmingham. The M6 runs north through the county and junctions 10A-16 are in the county. The M6 Toll, the UK's first toll motorway, runs through the county with junctions in Weeford near Lichfield, Cannock and joins the M6 heading north towards Stafford.

The A5 and A34 run through the county. The former has been significantly widened to a dual carriageway at several sections, although much of it remains single carriageway.

Mermaid's Pool

Mermaid's Pool is a legend linked to a pool located in the mountainous ridges of The Roaches near Staffordshire, England. According to legend, it's said to share something of a mysterious link with the Atlantic ocean, yet be poisonous to animals and fish. Legend has it, too, that the mermaid appears but once a year on Easter Eve at midnight, and anyone who sees her is either given the gift of immortality, or drawn into the depths of the pool to face their doom.

Places of interest









See also



External links





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