(October 29, 1892 in
Lviv – November 22, 1982 in London) was a
best known for serving as the last President of Lwów and third
President of Poland in
He was born in Lviv to Michał Ostrowski, who fought in a January uprising
. Ostrowski studied
medicine in Lviv University
fought, as a doctor, in the Polish-Ukrainian War
(battle of Lwów
) and the Polish-Bolshevik War
(1919-20). Then he
was President of Lwów
that Vice President). He was also three-term Sejm
member from BBWR
As a legislator he focused on health affairs as well as developed a
reputation of defender of minorities rights.
After the Soviet
invasion of Poland
, he was arrested and imprisoned in Moscow
(until 1941). Among his cellmates was Anandyn Amar, former Prime Minister and
President of Mongolia.
left the Soviet Union as an officer of the Polish Army in the East
(commander-in-chief general Władysław Anders
) in 1942.
He fought against Germans in Italy (1944-1945). When World War II
ended, he moved to England and
became involved in the politics of the Polish community there,
which included the Polish
government in exile
Ostrowski was the third President of Poland in exile (1972-1979).
He took office after death of President August Zaleski
. In start he had to deal with
a deep crisis in the emigre circles. Zaleski, despite earlier
promises, declined to step down after seven years in office
), which caused formation of the Council of Three
- opposition body recognized by
a part of emigration as a collective head of state. Ostrowski's
selection was recognized by the Council which dissolved themselves.
Because of that Ostrowski is credited for uniting emigration
circles. He also strongly refused to acknowledge
annexation of the eastern areas of the Second Polish
Republic by the USSR after
World War II.
As promised, President Ostrowski stepped down after 7-years term in
favor of Edward Bernard
died in London and is buried in a Polish military cemetery in
Newark, along with
past Presidents in exile.
1987 a table dedicated to Ostrowski was
unveiled in Saint Stanisław Kostka church in Warsaw (Żoliborz).
Ostrowski died without children.