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Stargard Szczeciński ( ; ) is a city in northwestern Polandmarker, with 71,017 inhabitants (2005). Situated on the Ina River, it is the capital of Stargard Countymarker in the West Pomeranian Voivodeshipmarker (since 1999); previously it was in the Szczecin Voivodeship (1975-1998). Stargard is a major railroad junction, where the southwards connection from Szczecinmarker splits into two directions - one towards Poznanmarker and another towards Gdanskmarker. Also, another, minor line to Pyrzycemarker stems from the town.

History

Stargard, first mentioned around 1140, received Magdeburg city rights in 1243 from the Barnim I, Duke of Pomerania. The city joined the Hanseatic League in 1363 and was strongly fortified. In the 15th century, the Pomeranian dukes chose it as their residence.

During the Thirty Years' War, the city burnt down, and in the 1648 Peace of Westphalia it came — together with the rest of Further Pomerania — to Brandenburg-Prussia. In 1701 Stargard became part of the Kingdom of Prussiamarker. In 1818 after the Napoleonic Wars, Stargard became part of the new district Saatzig within the Province of Pomeraniamarker.

The city became part of the German Empiremarker in 1871 during the unification of Germany. On 1 April 1901 it became an independent city separate from Saatzig District.

During World War II the large prisoner-of-war camp Stalag II-D was located near Stargard.The city was placed under Polish administration in 1945 according to the postwar Potsdam Agreement and since then remains as part of Poland. The German population was expelled and replaced by Poles, mainly from eastern Polish areas annexed by the Soviet Union.

In the year 2004 a north-western part of the town was formed into an industrial park - Stargardzki Park Przemysłowy.

Landmarks and monuments

The town is on The European Route of Brick Gothic.

  • St. Mary's Churchmarker (15th century) - one of the biggest brick churches in Europe;
  • St. John's Church (15th century) with high tower (99 m);
  • mediaeval fortifications - ramparts, walls, gates (Brama Młyńskamarker "The Mill Gate" from 15th cent.) and towers (13th - 16th centuries) - i.e. Red Sea Tower ( ) from 1513;
  • renaissance townhall from 15th - 16th centuries;
  • gothic tenement-houses;
  • granary (16th century);
  • expiatory cross (1542);
  • column of victory (1945).


Until 1998 southeast of Stargard Szczeciński, there was a facility for mediumwave broadcasting at 15°7'E and 53°18'N used for foreign broadcasting on 1503 kHz with 300 kW. The two antenna towers of the facility are meanwhile dismantled.

Sport



Historical population

1618: 12,000 inhabitants
1640: 1,200 inhabitants

1688: 3,600 inhabitants

1720: 400 inhabitants

1740: 5,529 inhabitants

1786: 6,243 inhabitants

1800: 7,000 inhabitants

1901: 25,000 inhabitants

1913: 28,000 inhabitants

1929: 34,600 inhabitants

1939: 39,760 inhabitants

1945: 2,870 inhabitants

1950: 20,684 inhabitants

1960: 33,650 inhabitants

1970: 44,460 inhabitants

1975: 51,400 inhabitants

1980: 59,227 inhabitants

1990: 71,000 inhabitants

1995: 72,254 inhabitants


Notable residents



International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Stargard Szczeciński is twinned with:Stargard is twinned with:

External links (in Polish)

  • http://www.stargard.pl/
  • http://www.stargard.com.pl/
  • http://www.info.stargard.pl/
  • http://www.muryobronne.republika.pl/stargard/stargard.html
  • Satellite photo via Google Maps






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