State Street is a large
south-north thoroughfare in Chicago, Illinois, USA.
on the Near North
Side at North
State Street looking north.
For much of its course, it lies between Wabash
Avenue on the east and Dearborn Street/Lafayette Avenue on the
west. It runs through the heart of Downtown Chicago and ends at the
southern city limits, intersecting 127th Street along the bank of
the Little Calumet River
intersection with Madison
( ) marks the base point for Chicago's address
known as State Road, it was the main route south through Illinois.
State Street in 1907
its early days, it was unpaved and known for having mud so deep it
could allegedly suck down a horse and buggy. In the late 1860s,
Potter Palmer decided to improve State
Street by moving the Field, Leiter & Co. store in 1868 and building his own Palmer House hotel on State Street in
1870. The historic Chicago Theatre is also located on State Street.
State Street shopping
State Street became a shopping destination during the 1900s and is
referred to in the song "Chicago"
, sung by Frank Sinatra
where Frank refers it to "State
Street, that Great Street." In 1979, Mayor Jane Byrne
converted the downtown portion into a
with only bus
traffic allowed. Mayor Richard M.
oversaw the State Street
Revitalization Project and on November 15, 1996, the street was
reopened to traffic.
20th century, State Street was largely eclipsed by Michigan
Avenue's Magnificent Mile
Various projects to restore State
Street's glory have been met with some success, and the State
Street corridor is gaining residential as well as more traditional
commercial development. New York
, Old Navy
, Urban Outfitters
, Borders Books
,and The Children's Place
opened up flagships on State Street. Today, the only two
main department store chains that remain are Macy's (formerly
Field's) and Sears on State.
The department store chain Carson
closed their flagship store on State Street on
February 21, 2007 after over 100 years of business in that
location. In early 2010, the Block 37 mall will open, bringing with it a large group of
upscale retailers to State Street.
Stores that will have
locations there will include Bebe
, Puma AG
, Club Monaco
Red Line subway
of the Chicago Transit
Authority runs under State Street in the downtown loop area on
its path from the Howard
Street station to the 95th/Dan Ryan station, and back. Additionally, the
section south from the Chicago Skyway to the 95th/Dan Ryan Terminal, runs 1/2 block west
of State within the Dan Ryan's
State Street is known for many landmarks.
bridge where State Street crosses the Chicago River is named the Bataan-Corregidor Memorial
Bridge in honor of the World War
II defenders of Bataan and
Corregidor including those in
the Bataan Death