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States and territories of India: Map

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Indiamarker is a federal union of states comprising twenty-eight state and seven union territories. The states and territories are further subdivided into districts and so on.

States and territories

Parts of Jammu and Kashmir are considered disputed territory claimed by India, Pakistan & China with each country administering a part of the former state of Kashmir

Part of Arunachal Pradesh is claimed by China as South Tibet

Pre-1956

The subcontinent of India has been ruled by many different ethnic groups throughout its history, each imposing their own administrative divisions on the region. Modern India's current administrative divisions are fairly recent developments, which began to develop during British colonial rule of India. British India included almost all of present-day India, Pakistanmarker, and Bangladeshmarker, as well as the associated protectorate of Afghanistanmarker and province, later colony, of Burmamarker (Myanmarmarker). During this period, regions of India were either directly ruled by the British or under the control of local rajas. Independence in 1947 largely preserved these divisions, with the provinces of Punjab and Bengalmarker being divided between India and Pakistan. One of the first challenges for the new nation was the integration of the multitude of princely states into the union.

Following independence, however, instability soon arose in India. Many of the provinces had been created by the British to serve their colonial purposes and as such did not reflect either the will of India's citizens or the ethnic divisions found throughout the subcontinent. Ethnic tensions spurred the Indian Parliament to reorganize the country along ethnic and linguistic lines in 1956 by means of the States Reorganisation Act.

After 1956

The former French and Portuguese colonies in India were incorporated into the Republic as the union territories of Pondicherrymarker, Dadra, Nagar Havelimarker, Goamarker, Damanmarker, and Diumarker in 1962.

Several new states and union territories have been created out of existing states since 1956. Bombay State was split into the linguistic states of Gujaratmarker and Maharashtramarker on 1 May 1960 by the Bombay Reorganization Act. Nagalandmarker was made a state on 1 December 1963. . The Punjab Reorganization Act of 1966 divided the Punjab along linguistic and religious lines, creating a new Hindu and Hindi-speaking state of Haryanamarker on 1 November , transferring the northern districts of Punjab to Himachal Pradeshmarker, and designating Chandigarhmarker, the shared capital of Punjab and Haryana, a union territory.

Statehood was conferred upon Himachal Pradeshmarker on 25 January 1971, Manipurmarker, Meghalayamarker and Tripuramarker on 21 January 1972. The Kingdom of Sikkimmarker joined the Indian Union as a state on 26 April 1975. In 1987, Arunachal Pradeshmarker and Mizorammarker became states on 20 February, followed by Goamarker on 30 May, while Goa's northern exclaves of Daman and Diumarker became a separate union territory.

In 2000 three new states were created; Chhattisgarhmarker (November 1, 2000) was created out of eastern Madhya Pradeshmarker, Uttaranchalmarker (November 9, 2000), since renamed Uttarakhandmarker, was created out of the Hilly regions of northwest Uttar Pradeshmarker, and Jharkhandmarker (15 November 2000) was created out of the southern districts of Bihar. The Union Territories of Delhimarker and Pondicherrymarker (renamed to Puducherrymarker) have since been given the right to elect their own legislatures and they are now counted as small states

See also



References

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