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2006 NEWMAC Championships, Cambridge, MA


The steeplechase is an obstacle race in athletics, which derives its name from the steeplechase in horse racing.

Rules

The length of the race is usually 3000 m; junior events are 2000 m, as women's events formerly were. The circuit has four ordinary barriers and one water jump. Over 3000 m, each runner must clear a total of 28 ordinary barriers and seven water jumps. This entails seven complete laps after starting with a fraction of a lap run without barriers. The water jump is located on the back turn, either inside the inner lane or outside the outer lane. If it is on the outside, then each of the seven laps is longer than the standard 400 m, and the starting point is on the home straight. If the water jump is on the inside, each lap is shorter than 400 m, the starting point is on the back straight, and the water jump is bypassed at the start.

According to IAAF rules, barrier height is 914 mm (36 in) for men and 762 mm (30 in) for women. Unlike those used in hurdling, steeplechase barriers do not fall over if hit; some runners actually step on top of them. Four barriers are spaced around the track on level ground, and a fifth barrier at the top of the second turn (fourth barrier in a complete lap from the finish line) is the water jump, which consists of a barrier followed by a pit of water which is 3.66 m (12 ft) long and slopes upward from 700 mm (27.6 in) deep at the barrier end to even with the surface of the track. This slope rewards runners with more jumping ability, because a longer jump results in a shallower landing in the water.

History

The event originated in the British Isles. Runners raced from one town's steeple to the next. The steeples were used as markers due to their visibility over long distances. Along the way runners inevitably had to jump streams and low stone walls separating estates. The modern athletics event originates from a two-mile cross country steeplechase that formed part of the Oxford Universitymarker sports (in which many of the modern athletics events were founded) in 1860. It was replaced in 1865 by an event over barriers on a flat field, which became the modern steeplechase. It has been an Olympic event since the inception of the modern Olympics, though with varying lengths. Since the 1968 Summer Olympics the steeplechase in the Olympics has been dominated by Kenyanmarker athletes, including a clean sweep of the medals at the 2004 Games.

The steeplechase for women (3,000 meters long, but with lower barriers than for the men) made its first major championship appearance at the 2005 World Championships in Helsinkimarker. In 2008, Women's 3,000 meters steeplechase appeared for the first time on the Olympic tracks in Beijing (see Athletics at the 2008 Summer Olympics - Women's 3000 metre steeplechase).

World record progression

The official world record in the 3000-meter steeplechase for men is held by Saif Saaeed Shaheen of Qatarmarker (formerly Stephen Cherono of Kenyamarker) at 7:53.63 and was set on September 3, 2004 during the Memorial van Damme in Brusselsmarker. On August 16, 2002 Brahim Boulami of Moroccomarker ran 7:53.17 but this has not been ratified by the IAAF, as Boulami was banned for two years in 2003 after testing positive for EPO.

The first person to run the steeplechase in under eight minutes was Moses Kiptanui of Kenya, who ran it in 7:59.18 on August 16, 1995 in Zürich, Switzerland.

The official world record in the 3000 m steeplechase for women is held by Gulnara Galkina-Samitova of Russia at 8:58.81 and was set at the 2008 Olympics.

Men (manual timing)

TIME ATHLETE VENUE DATE
8:49.6 Bernmarker 1954-08-28
8:47.8 Helsinkimarker 1955-07-01
8:45.4 Oslomarker 1955-07-15
8:45.4 Moscow 1955-08-18
8:41.2 Brnomarker 1955-08-31
8:40.2 Budapestmarker 1955-09-11
8:39.8 Moscow 1956-08-14
8:35.6 Budapestmarker 1956-09-16
8:35.5 Tallinnmarker 1958-07-21
8:32.0 Warsawmarker 1958-08-02
8:31.4 Tula 1960-06-26
8:31.2 Kievmarker 1961-05-28
8:30.4 Wałczmarker 1961-06-26
8:29.6 Leuvenmarker 1963-09-07
8:26.4 Leuvenmarker 1965-08-07
8:24.2 Stockholmmarker 1968-07-17
8:22.2 Kievmarker 1969-08-19
8:22.0 Berlin 1970-07-04
8:20.8 Helsinkimarker 1972-09-14
8:20.8 Lagosmarker 1973-01-15
8:19.1 Helsinkimarker 1973-06-19
8:10.4 Oslomarker 1975-06-25
8:09.8 Stockholmmarker 1975-07-01
8:08.2 Montrealmarker 1976-07-28
8:05.4 Oslomarker 1978-05-13


Men (electronic timing)

TIME ATHLETE VENUE DATE
8:05.35 Stockholmmarker 1989-07-03
8:02.08 Zürichmarker 1992-08-19
7:59.18 Zürichmarker 1995-08-16
7:59.08 Zürichmarker 1997-08-13
7:55.72 Cologne 1997-08-24
7:55.28 Brusselsmarker 2001-08-24
7:53.63 Brusselsmarker 2004-09-03


Women (electronic timing)

TIME ATHLETE VENUE DATE
10:34.5 Walnutmarker 1996-04-20
10:30.2 Los Angelesmarker 1996-05-17
10:23.47 Atlantamarker 1996-06-23
10:19.6 Walnutmarker 1998-04-18
09:55.28 Bucharestmarker 1998-06-21
09:48.88 Tula 1999-07-31
09:43.64 Bucharestmarker 2000-08-07
09:40.20 Reimsmarker 2000-08-30
09:22.29 Milanmarker 2002-06-05
09:21.72 Ostravamarker 2002-06-12
09:16.51 Gdańskmarker 2002-07-27
09:08.33 Tula 2003-08-10
09:01.59 Irakliomarker 2004-07-04
08:58.81 Beijing 2008-08-17


Best year performance

Men's seasons best (outdoor)

YEAR TIME ATHLETE PLACE
1968 8:24.2 Stockholmmarker
1969 8:22.2 Kievmarker
1970 8:21.98 Berlin
1971 8:24.0 Adelaidemarker
1972 8:20.8 Helsinkimarker
1973 8:13.91 Helsinkimarker
1974 8:14.2 Helsinkimarker
1975 8:09.70 Stockholmmarker
1976 8:08.02 Montréalmarker
1977 8:14.05 Stockholmmarker
1978 8:05.4 Seattlemarker
1979 8:17.92 Champaignmarker
1980 8:09.70 Moscow
1981 8:12.13 Zagrebmarker
1982 8:16.17 Koblenzmarker
1983 8:12.37 Berlin
1984 8:07.62 Brusselsmarker
1985 8:09.17 Koblenzmarker
1986 8:10.01 Brusselsmarker
1987 8:08.57 Rome
1988 8:05.51 Seoulmarker
1989 8:05.35 Stockholmmarker
1990 8:10.95 Hengelomarker
1991 8:06.46 Brusselsmarker
1992 8:02.08 Zürichmarker
1993 8:06.36 Stuttgartmarker
1994 8:08.80 Zürichmarker
1995 7:59.18 Zürichmarker
1996 8:05.68 Milanmarker
1997 7:55.72 Cologne
1998 8:00.67 Monacomarker
1999 7:58.98 Monacomarker
2000 8:02.76 Monacomarker
2001 7:55.28 Brusselsmarker
2002 7:58.09 Monacomarker
2003 7:57.38 Monacomarker
2004 7:53.63 Brusselsmarker
2005 7:55.51 Brusselsmarker
2006 7:56.32 Athensmarker
2007 7:58.80 Brusselsmarker
2008 8:00.57 Heusden-Zoldermarker


Women's seasons best (outdoor)

YEAR TIME ATHLETE PLACE
1996 10:23.47 Atlanta, Georgiamarker
1997 10:30.90 Indianapolismarker
1998 09:55.28 Bucharestmarker
1999 09:48.88 Tula
2000 09:48.88 Reimsmarker
2001 09:44.36 Poznańmarker
2002 09:16.51 Gdánskmarker
2003 09:08.33 Tula
2004 09:01.59 Irakliomarker
2005 09:15.04 Athensmarker
2006 09:17.15 Athensmarker
2007 09:06.57 Osaka
2008 08:58.81 Beijing


National records

Men

(Updated as of September 15, 2009)
NATION TIME ATHLETE VENUE DATE
7:53.63 Saif Saaeed Shaheen Brusselsmarker 2004-09-03
7:55.28 Brahim Boulami Brusselsmarker 2001-08-24
7:55.72 Bernard Barmasai Cologne 1997-08-24
8:01.18 Bouabdellah Tahri Berlinmarker 2009-08-18
8:04.95 Simon Vroemen Brusselsmarker 2005-08-26
8:05.75 Mustafa Mohamed Heusdenmarker 2007-07-28
8:06.13 Tareq Mubarak Taher Athensmarker 2009-07-13
8:07.44 Luis Miguel Martín Brusselsmarker 2002-08-30
8:07.96 Mark Rowland Seoulmarker 1988-09-30
8:08.14 Sa'ad Shaddad Al-Asmari Stockholmmarker 2002-07-16
8:08.57 Francesco Panetta Romemarker 1989-09-05
8:08.82 Daniel Lincoln Romemarker 2006-07-14
8:09.11 Bronislaw Malinowski Montrealmarker 1976-07-28
8:09.48 Damian Kallabis Zürichmarker 1999-08-11
8:10.01 William Van Dijck Brusselsmarker 1986-09-05
8:10.23 Laid Bessou Monacomarker 2000-08-18
8:10.46 Sun Ripeng Shanghai 1997-10-19
8:10.67 Jukka Keskisalo Zurich 2009-08-28
8:10.83 Günther Weidlinger Sevillamarker 1999-08-21
8:11.32 Roba Gary Thessalonikimarker 2009-09-13
8:11.63 Ruben Ramolefi Monacomarker 2009-07-28
8:12.05 Jim Svenøy Brusselsmarker 1997-08-22
8:12.48 Filbert Bayi Moscowmarker 1980-07-31
8:12.58 Graeme Fell Koblenzmarker 1985-08-28
8:12.98 Benjamin Kiplagat Ostravamarker 2009-06-17
8:13.26 Florin Ionescu Sevillamarker 1999-08-21
8:14.05 Peter Renner Koblenzmarker 1984-08-29
8:14.41 Wander Moura Mar del Platamarker 1995-03-22
8:15.07 Fethi Baccouche Helsinkimarker 1987-07-02
8:15.54 Pavel Potapovich Parismarker 2003-07-04
8:16.22 Shaun Creighton Villeneuve d'Ascqmarker 1993-07-02
8:16.96 Boštjan Buč Ostravamarker 2003-06-12
8:17.97 Gábor Markó Potsdammarker 1984-07-21
8:18.43 Halil Akkaş Izmirmarker 2007-05-22
8:18.93 Yoshitaka Iwamizu Saint-Denis 2003-08-23
8:18.97 Ion Luchianov Beijing 2008-08-16
8:19.82 Manuel Silva Stockholmmarker 2004-07-27
8:22.24 Christian Belz Hengelomarker 2001-06-04
8:22.9 Flemming Jensen Eugenemarker 1983-04-30
8:23.8 Dusan Moravcik Prahamarker 1972-09-17
8:24.01 Filippos Filippou Dar-el-Beida 1983-09-15
8:24.09 Brendan Quinn Brusselsmarker 1985-08-30
8:24.14 Itai Maggidi Longeville-lès-Metzmarker 2008-07-04
8:24.66 Angel Rodriguez Göteborgmarker 1995-08-07
8:24.81 Anatoliy Dimov Moscowmarker 1980-07-28


Women

(Updated as of September 15, 2009)
NATION TIME ATHLETE VENUE DATE
8:58.81 Gulnara Galkina Beijing 2008-08-17
9:07.41 Eunice Jepkorir Beijing 2008-08-17
9:07.32 Marta Domínguez Berlinmarker 2009-08-17
9:15.04 Dorcus Inzikuru Athensmarker 2005-06-14
9:16.51 Alesya Turova Gdańskmarker 2002-07-27
9:16.85 Cristina Casandra Beijing 2008-08-17
9:17.15 Wioletta Janowska Athensmarker 2006-07-03
9:17.85 Zemzem Ahmed Beijing 2008-08-17
9:18.35 Donna MacFarlane Oslomarker 2008-06-06
9:18.54 Antje Möldner Berlinmarker 2009-08-17
9:12.50 Jenny Barringer Berlinmarker 2009-08-17
9:22.50 Jessica Augusto Huelvamarker 2008-06-13
9:24.29 Hanane Ouhaddou Heusden-Zoldermarker 2009-07-18
9:12.52 Habiba Ghribi Berlinmarker 2009-08-17
9:25.62 Sophie Duarte Romamarker 2009-07-10
9:26.25 Liu Nian Wuhanmarker 2007-11-02
9:27.21 Mardrea Hyman Monacomarker 2005-09-09
9:27.26 Valentyna Gorpynich Yaltamarker 2008-06-07
9:27.48 Elena Romagnolo Beijing 2008-08-15
9:28.29 Roisin McGettigan Heusden-Zoldermarker 2007-07-28
9:28.47 Veerle Dejaeghere Neerpeltmarker 2007-06-02
9:29.14 Helen Clitheroe Beijing 2008-08-15
9:30.20 Lívia Tóth Monacomarker 2005-09-09
9:30.21 Rasa Troup Beijing 2008-08-15
9:30.72 Iríni Kokkinaríou Athensmarker 2008-07-13
9:32.54 Kate McIllroy Heusden-Zoldermarker 2006-07-22
9:33.19 Karoline Bjerkeli Grøvdal Neerpeltmarker 2007-06-02
9:33.93 Minori Hayakari Heusden-Zoldermarker 2008-07-20
9:36.63 Oxana Juravel Berlinmarker 2009-08-15
9:38.31 Fatiha Bahi Azzouhoum Athensmarker 2005-06-14
9:38.40 Miranda Boonstra Nijmegenmarker 2009-05-29
9:38.55 Christin Johansson Heusden-Zoldermarker 2007-07-28
9:40.28 Johanna Lehtinen Athensmarker 2006-07-03
9:41.22 Sabine Heitling Londonmarker 2009-07-24
9:42.01 Michaela Mannová Bydgoszczmarker 2003-07-19
9:42.08 Dobrinka Shalamanova Milanomarker 2007-06-24
9:42.36 Türkan Erismis Bursamarker 2008-07-19
9:47.41 Muna Durka Barcelonamarker 2008-07-19
9:47.61 Andrea Mayr Jambesmarker 2008-07-02
9:51.16 Carol Henry Baton Rougemarker 2002-06-01
9:51.56 Inna Poluškina Ventspilsmarker 2008-06-14
9:52.98 Letiwe Marakurwa Sacramentomarker 2003-06-13
9:53.65 Daniela Kuleska Odessamarker 2001-06-06
9:55.11 Tebogo Masehla El Djezair 2007-07-20
9:55.43 Talis Apud Rio de Janeiromarker 2007-07-28
10:00.36 Rosa Godoy Huelvamarker 2008-06-13
10:02.24 Biljana Jovic Debrecenmarker 2007-07-13
10:04.65 Louise Mørch Prahamarker 2005-06-27
10:11.98 Monica Amboya Huelvamarker 2008-08-06
10:14.46 Haingo Ny Aina Rakotomalala Narbonnemarker 2003-07-24
10:18.76 Sudha Singh Jamshedpurmarker 2007-10-25
10:21.47 Jekaterina Patjuk Tallinnmarker 2008-06-21



Top 25 performers

Men

(Updated August 18, 2009)

Pos Time Athlete Venue Date
1. 7:53.63 Bruxellesmarker September 3, 2004
2. 7:55.28 Bruxellesmarker August 24, 2001
3. 7:55.72 Köln August 24, 1997
4. 7:56.16 Köln August 24, 1997
5. 7:56.37 Romemarker July 8, 2005
6. 7:57.29 Bruxellesmarker August 24, 2001
7. 7:58.85 Dohamarker May 8, 2009
8. 7:59.08 Zürichmarker August 13, 1997
9. 8:00.89 Berlinmarker August 18, 2009
10. 8:01.18 Berlinmarker August 18, 2009
11. 8:01.69 Bruxellesmarker August 24, 2001
12. 8:02.89 Bruxellesmarker September 14, 2007
13. 8:03.41 Köln August 24, 1997
14. 8:03.57 Paris Saint-Denis June 23, 2000
15. 8:03.74 Monacomarker August 18, 2000
16. 8:03.89 Monacomarker August 16, 1997
17. 8:04.95 Bruxellesmarker August 26, 2005
18. 8:05.01 Monacomarker July 25, 1995
19. 8:05.35 Stockholmmarker July 3, 1989
20. 8:05.37 Rietimarker September 6, 1992
21. 8:05.4 Seattlemarker, WAmarker May 13, 1978
22. 8:05.43 Zürichmarker August 11, 1999
23. 8:05.51 Seoulmarker September 30, 1988
24. 8:05.68 Bruxellesmarker September 3, 2004
25. 8:05.75 Heusden-Zoldermarker July 28, 2007


Women

(Updated September 20, 2009)

Pos Time Athlete Venue Date
1. 8:58.81 Beijing August 17, 2008
2. 9:06.57 Osaka August 27, 2007
3. 9:07.32 Berlinmarker August 17, 2009
4. 9:07.41 Beijing August 17, 2008
5. 9:08.39 Berlinmarker August 17, 2009
6. 9:08.57 Berlinmarker August 17, 2009
7. 9:09.19 Osaka August 27, 2007
8. 9:12.50 Berlinmarker August 17, 2009
9. 9:12.52 Berlinmarker August 17, 2009
10. 9:13.16 Berlinmarker August 17, 2009
11. 9:14.62 Berlinmarker August 17, 2009
12. 9:15.04 Athensmarker June 14, 2005
13. 9:16.51 Gdańskmarker July 27, 2002
14. 9:16.85 Beijing August 17, 2008
15. 9:17.15 Athensmarker July 3, 2006
16. 9:17.85 Beijing August 17, 2008
17. 9:18.35 Oslomarker June 6, 2008
18. 9:18.54 Berlinmarker August 17, 2009
19. 9:19.91 Oslomarker July 3, 2009
20. 9:20.23 Huelvamarker June 13, 2008
21. 9:21.94 Athensmarker July 3, 2006
22. 9:22.15 Cheboksarymarker July 24, 2009
23. 9:22.29 Milanomarker June 5, 2002
24. 9:22.50 Huelvamarker June 13, 2008
25. 9:22.76 Heusden-Zoldermarker July 20, 2008


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