Stendal ( ) is a town in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
It is the
capital of Stendal
District and unofficial capital of the Altmark.
population in 2001 was 38,900. It is located some 125 km (78 miles)
west of Berlin and around
170 km (106 miles) east of Hanover.
Stendal has a market and a psychiatric rehabilitation clinic.
Founded by Albrecht the
in the 12th century, it quickly became an important member
of the Hanseatic League
Magnificent churches, the city hall and the two remaining city
gates are still proof of that former wealth.
part of the Margraviate of
Brandenburg, Stendal became part of the Prussian Province of Saxony after the Napoleonic
Wars. From 1949 until German reunification in 1990, Stendal
was in the German Democratic Republic.
The pseudonym "Stendhal
" of the French
author Marie-Henri Beyle is generally supposed to be a homage to
the German author Johann
, who was born in Stendal in 1717.
the seat of the Verwaltungsgemeinschaft
("collective municipality") Stendal-Uchtetal.
Tangermünder Tor, a brick gate
Twin towns — Sister cities
Stendal is twinned
Sites of interest
Theatre of the Altmark
The area has a theatre named Theater der Altmark, Stendal
. It was founded in
1946 and has always had a particular involvement in youth and
children's theatre. Theatrical performances and dance events are
staged, as well as concerts, conferences and meetings.
The Winckelmann Museum
is named after Johann Joachim Winckelmann
founder of classical archaeology
holdings include biographical documents, works, designs and
diagrams as well as Greek sculptures
or casts, along with other small artworks from antiquity.
Since summer 2003 the museum is the owner of the world's biggest
Trojan horse. With its size of 15.60 m high, 13 m long, 9.50 m wide
and its weight of 45 tons it offers a beautiful view over Stendal.
Exhibitions are held relating to archaeology and the history of art
from the 18th and 19th centuries; there is also a modern art
museum. The museum is the seat of the Winckelmann-Gesellschaft
In addition, the museum has exhibits relating to the history and
cultural history of the city of Stendal and of the Altmark dating
from the prehistoric period through the area's early history right
up to the present. There are exhibits on the Hanseatic League,
The Roland-Statue in front of the Town
Fire Brigade Museum
The town also has the Landesfeuerwehrmuseum
), showing the development of fire fighting and
protection from the leather bucket to modern fire engines.
Other buildings include the Gothic cathedral, the Town Hall with
the statue of Roland
and the two mediaeval
town gates. There are also other churches in the area.
Stendal is also part of the Altmark cycle path. Information and
maps about this cycle path can be had for free from the tourist
Sons and daughters of Stendal
- Johann Joachim
Winckelmann, the founder of classical archaeology and the
history of art. He was born in Stendal in 1717, son of a shoemaker.
He is commemorated by the above-named museum.
The French writer Marie Henri
, who was stationed here as a soldier during the Napoleonic Wars
, used the alias
from 1817 in homage to Johann Joachim