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Stevens Thomson Mason (29 December 1760 – 9 May 1803) was a Colonel in the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War, a member of the Virginiamarker state legislature and a Republican U.S. Senator from Virginia (1794–1803).

Early life and military career

Mason was born at Chopawamsic in Stafford County, Virginiamarker and attended William and Mary Collegemarker in Williamsburg, Virginiamarker. He studied law, was admitted to the bar, and commenced practice in Dumfries, Virginiamarker in Prince William County, Virginiamarker. He served in the Continental Army as an aide to General George Washington at the Battle of Yorktown and was a brigadier general in the Virginia Militia.

Political career

He was a member of the Virginia State House of Delegates in 1783 and 1794, a member of the Virginia State Senate 1787–1790, and a delegate to the Virginia Ratification Convention in 1788. In 1794, Mason was elected to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of James Monroe. He was reelected in 1797 and again in 1803, serving from 18 November 1794, until his death in Philadelphia, Pennsylvaniamarker. He is interred in the family burying ground at Raspberry Plain in Loudoun County, Virginiamarker.

Marriage and children

Mason married Mary Elizabeth Armistead on 1 May 1783. The couple had six children:

  • John Thomson Mason (8 January 1787 – 17 April 1850)
  • Armistead Thomson Mason (1787 – 6 February 1819)
  • Stevens Thomson Mason (1789 – 17 November 1815)
  • Mary Thomson Mason (1791–1813)
  • Emily Rutger Mason (1793–1837)
  • Catherine Mason (born 1795)


Stevens Thomson Mason was a nephew of George Mason (1725–1792); son of Thomson Mason (1733–1785); brother of John Thomson Mason (1765–1824); half-brother of William Temple Thomson Mason (1782–1862); first cousin of George Mason V (1753–1796); first cousin once removed of Thomson Francis Mason (1785–1838), George Mason VI (1786–1834), Richard Barnes Mason (1797–1850), and James Murray Mason (1798–1871); father of Armistead Thomson Mason (1787–1819) and John Thomson Mason (1787–1850); uncle of John Thomson Mason, Jr. (1815–1873); and grandfather of Stevens Thomson Mason (1811–1843).


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