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Stjepan Ivšić ( ; Orahovica, August 13, 1884 - Zagrebmarker, January 14, 1962), Croatian linguist, Slavist and accentologist.

After finishing primary school in Orahovica, he attendded gymnasium in Osijekmarker and Požega. At the Faculty of Philosophy at the University of Zagrebmarker he studied Croatian language and classical philology, and later specialized at the universities in Krakowmarker, Praguemarker, Saint Petersburgmarker, Moscowmarker and Kyivmarker. He received his Ph.D in 1913 with the thesis Prilog za slavenski akcenat ("A contribution on Slavic accent"). He served as a professor at the gymnasium in Gornji Gradmarker in Zagreb from 1909-1915, and thenceforth as a professor of Slavistics at the Faculty of Philosophy in Zagreb.

The focal point of Ivšić's research were Croatian Štokavian speeches, on which he published several very important studies (Šaptinovačko narječje, 1907; Današnji posavski govor, 1913). He was especially interested in the accentuation of Croatian speeches and Old Slavic grammars. He was the first to determine the existence of neoacute in all three Croatian dialects.

In 1928 he participated in the efforts of state committee to create a common orthography for Croatian and Serbian language. In the paper Jezik Hrvata kajkavaca (1936) he partitioned Kajkavian speeches (not including the goranski speeches) into 4 major groups. He extensively studied Croatian Glagolitic heritage, especially its language peculiarities, on which he published several works. In 1934 he tracked Baška tablet from Krk to Zagreb and wrote most rapturous article on it Sveta Lucija u Jurandvoru i njezin dragi kamen (Jutarnji list, No. 8115). From 1937 served as the vice-president of Croatian Language Society, and from 1938 as the editor of the journal Hrvatski jezik ("Croatian language"). He served as a rector of the University of Zagreb 1939-1943. During the period fo Independent State of Croatiamarker he refused an offer to serve as the head of the Croatian State Office for Language and advocated phonological orthography as opposed to official etymological-morphological (so-called korienski, "root").

Legacy

In the spring of 1945, due to the alleged collaboration with the enemies, he was sentenced to exile from Zagreb and lost his membership at the Academy of Sciences and Artsmarker. He was the only one to sign the conclusion of Novi Sad agreement with detachment "I give this signature with a remark that the statement in act 4 of the conclusion cannot be used for propaganda of Ekavian pronunciation on present-day literary Ijekavian area."

A high school in Ivšić's native Orahovica bears his name.

Works

  • Srpsko-hrvatski jezik. Izgovor i intonacija s recitacijama na pločama (with M. Kravar; Zagreb, 1955)
  • Slavenska poredbena gramatika (prepared by R. Katičić and J. Vrana, Zagreb. 1970)
  • Izabrana djela iz slavenske akcentuacije (prepared by B. Finka, Muenchen, 1971),
  • Jezik Hrvata kajkavaca (prepared by J. Lisac, Zaprešić, 1996)


See also



Notes

  1. High school "Stjepan Ivšić"


References




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