Stolnik was a court office
in Poland and Muscovy, responsible for serving the royal
- For a related Romanian term, see Stolnic.
Stolnik in Poland
Poland under the first Piast dukes
and kings, this was a court office.
From the 14th century, it was an honorary office in the Polish Kingdom
and the Polish-Lithuanian
- Stolnik wielki koronny — Grand Pantler of the
- Stolnik wielki litewski — Grand Pantler of
- Stolnik koronny — Pantler of the Crown
- Stolnik litewski — Pantler of Lithuania
- Stolnik nadworny koronny — Court Pantler of
According to the 1768 office hierarchy, the stolnik'
position in the Crown of Poland
superior to that of podczaszy
inferior to that of District Judge
in the Grand Duchy of
, superior to podstoli
and inferior to wojski
Stolnik in Muscovy
Stolniks were known as palace servants of the Russian rulers since
the 12th century. In the 16th and 17th centuries they were young
nobles who brought dishes to the tsar's table, looked after his
bedroom, and accompanied him in travels. The highest category
comprised the room
could simultaneously serve in the foreign office or in the army.
were ranked fifth in the hierarchy of Muscovite bureaucracy, after
Stolniks were also attached to episcopal administrations as were
other similar offices also found in the grand princely or tsarist
administration. For example, stolniks are found in documents from
the archiepiscopal records in Novgorod the Great.