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The Strait of Juan de Fuca (called Juan de Fuca Strait in Canada) is a large body of water about long forming the principal outlet for the Georgia Straitmarker and Puget Soundmarker, connecting both to the Pacific Oceanmarker. It provides part of the international boundary between the United Statesmarker and Canadamarker.

It was named in 1787 by the English Captain Charles William Barkley for Juan de Fuca, the Greek navigator who sailed in a Spanish expedition in 1592 to seek the fabled Strait of Anián. The strait was explored in detail between 1789 and 1791 by Manuel Quimper, José María Narváez, Juan Carrasco, Gonzalo López de Haro, and Francisco de Eliza.


The USGS defines the Strait of Juan de Fuca as a channel. It extends east from the Pacific Ocean between Vancouver Islandmarker, British Columbiamarker, and the Olympic Peninsulamarker, Washingtonmarker, to Haro Straitmarker, San Juan Channel, Rosario Straitmarker, and Puget Soundmarker. The Pacific Ocean boundary is formed by a line between Cape Flatterymarker and Tatoosh Islandmarker, Washington, and Carmanah Point (Vancouver Island), British Columbia. Its northern boundary follows the shoreline of Vancouver Island to Gonzales Point, then follows a continuous line east to Seabird Point (Discovery Islandmarker), British Columbia, Cattle Point (San Juan Islandmarker), Washington, Iceberg Pointmarker (Lopez Islandmarker), Point Colville (Lopez Island), and then to Rosario Head (Fidalgo Islandmarker). The eastern boundary runs south from Rosario Head across Deception Passmarker to Whidbey Islandmarker, then along the western coast of Whidbey Island to Point Partridgemarker, then across Admiralty Inletmarker to Point Wilsonmarker (Quimper Peninsulamarker). The northern coast of the Olympic Peninsulamarker forms the southern boundary of the strait.

Sunset over the strait


Because it is exposed to the generally westerly winds and waves of the Pacific, seas and weather in Juan de Fuca Strait are, on average, rougher than in the more protected waters inland, thereby resulting in a number of small craft advisories.


An international vehicle ferry crosses the Strait from Port Angeles, Washingtonmarker to Victoria, British Columbiamarker several times each day, as do passenger ferries of the Washington State Ferry system, a seasonal private ferry connecting Port Angeles with Victoria and a private high-speed ferry between Victoria and Seattlemarker.

Boundary dispute

This strait remains the subject of a maritime boundary dispute between British Columbia and the U.S. The governments of Canada and the United States have proposed a boundary based on equidistance principles, while British Columbia argues that the submarine Juan de Fuca Canyon is the appropriate "geomorphic and physiogeographic boundary."

Counties and regional districts

Counties along the Strait of Juan de Fuca:

Regional districts along the Strait of Juan de Fuca:

See also


External links

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