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{{Infobox settlement

official_name = Styria
native_name = Steiermark
native_name_lang = de
settlement_type = State of Austria
image_flag = Flag of Steiermark (state).svg
flag_size = 120px
image_shield = Steiermark Wappen.svg
shield_size = 75px
image_map = Karte A Stmk.svg
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name =
seat_type = Capital
seat = Grazmarker
leader_party = SPÖ
leader_title = Governor
leader_name = Franz Voves
area_total_km2 = 16392
}}
population_total = 1203986
}}
population_density_km2 = auto
timezone1 = CET
utc_offset1 = +1
timezone1_DST = CEST
utc_offset1_DST = +2
blank_name_sec1 =
€ billion ( ) }}
blank1_name_sec1 =
€ ( ) }}
blank1_name_sec2 = Votes in Bundesrat
blank1_info_sec2 = 9 (of 62)
blank_name_sec2 = NUTS Region
blank_info_sec2 = AT2
iso_code = AT-6
website = www.verwaltung.steiermark.at
footnotes =}}

Styria ( , Prekmurian: Štájersko) is a state or Bundesland, located in the southeast of Austriamarker. In area, it is the second largest of the nine Austrian states, covering 16,388 km². It borders Sloveniamarker as well as the other Austrian states of Upper Austria, Lower Austriamarker, Salzburgmarker, Burgenlandmarker, and Carinthiamarker. The population (as of 2006) was 1,203,986. The capital city is Grazmarker.

Geography

The term "Upper Styria" ( ) used by an Austrian refers to the northern and northwestern parts of the federal state (districts Liezen, Murau, Judenburg, Knittelfeld, Leoben, Bruck an der Mur, and Mürzzuschlag). The term "West Styria" (Weststeiermark) is used for the districts to the west of Graz (Voitsberg, Deutschlandsberg, western part of the district Leibnitz), the districts east of Graz (Weiz, Hartberg, Feldbach, Fürstenfeld, and Radkersburg) are referred to as "East Styria" (Oststeiermark). The western and eastern parts of the district Graz-Umgebung may or may not be considered parts of West and East Styria, respectively. The southern parts of the Duchy of Styria, which have formed part of Slovenia since 1918, were (and sometimes colloquially still are) referred to as "Lower Styria" (Untersteiermark; ).

History

Economy

Like everywhere in the developed world there has been a shift away from the manufacturing sector towards the service sector in Styria. This has had negative consequences for the industrial regions of upper Styria which have suffered a steady decline in population in recent years.In 2004 Styria had the strongest economic growth rate in Austria at 3.8% - mainly due to the Graz area which saw strong economic growth that year and has continued to grow in economic and population terms since then.

Administrative divisions

The state is divided into 16 districts (Bezirke), and a statutory city.



Statutory City

  1. Grazmarker


Districts

  1. Bruck an der Mur
  2. Deutschlandsberg
  3. Feldbach
  4. Fürstenfeld
  5. Graz-Umgebung
  6. Hartberg
  7. Judenburg
  8. Knittelfeld
  9. Leibnitz
  10. Leoben
  11. Liezen with the subdistricts
    Gröbming and Bad Aussee
  12. Mürzzuschlag
  13. Murau
  14. Radkersburg
  15. Voitsberg
  16. Weiz


Politics

The state had been a stronghold of the Austrian People's Party (ÖVP) since 1945. The governor (Austrian political term: Landeshauptmann) was usually a member of this party.

2005 Elections

In the latest elections for state parliament the Social Democrats (SPÖ) under their regional chairman Franz Voves won the majority after the ÖVP had damaged its credibility through scandals and the secession of a high-ranking party member who took part in the 2005 election after setting up his own party. In this election, the Communist Party (KPÖ) also received many votes after it had gained much popularity through its role in local politics in Graz during the preceding few years. The two right wing populist parties, the FPÖ and the BZÖmarker both failed to win seats.

Notable persons



See also



External links




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