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Sudbury is a town in Middlesex Countymarker, Massachusettsmarker, United Statesmarker, population 17,977. It has the sixth highest per capita income in the state.

Sudbury also contributed the most militia during King Philip's War and was the site of a native raid. One main contributor was Ephraim Curtis who put up only victories for the militia of West Sudbury . Sudbury militia participated in the Battle of Lexington and Concordmarker, in 1775, where Sudbury members sniped on British Red Coats returning to Bostonmarker.

One of Sudbury's historic landmarks, the Wayside Inn claims to be the country's oldest operating inn, built and run by the Howe family for many generations. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow wrote Tales of a Wayside Inn, a book of poems published in 1863. In the book, the poem The Landlord's Tale was the source of the immortal phrase "listen my children and you shall hear, of the midnight ride of Paul Revere." The property was owned, restored and expanded by Henry Ford between 1923 and 1940. The expansion included a boys school, the Old Grist Mill, the Martha-Mary Chapel and the Redstone Schoolhouse, reputed to be the school in Sarah Josepha Hale's nursery rhyme Mary Had a Little Lamb, which was moved from Sterlingmarker. However, Giuseppi Cavicchio's refusal to sell his water rights scuttled Henry Ford's plans to build an auto parts factory at the site of Charles O. Parmenter's mill in South Sudbury.

In August 1925, a Sudbury farm was the scene of a riot between local members of the Ku Klux Klan and Irish-American youths from the area. Five people were wounded by gunshots, and the State Police arrested over 100 Klansmen. Massachusettsmarker officials cracked down on the group's meetings theafter, and the area Klan died out.

Sudbury was considered to become the part of the site for the headquarters of the United Nations, along with parts of Lincolnmarker, Concordmarker and Marlboroughmarker. Protests by townspeople and the Knights of Columbus caused the United Nations to choose a different location.

In the post-war period, Sudbury experienced rapid growth in population and industry. Defense contractor Raytheon became a major employer after opening a large research facility in Sudbury in 1958. Another major employer in that period was Sperry Rand. In the 1970s, the town was home to many of the engineers working in the minicomputer revolution at Digital Equipment Corporation in nearby Maynardmarker. Sudbury was also one of the largest carnation-growing towns, with many greenhouse operations.

Residentially, Sudbury's zoning bylaws helped the town maintain a more rural character through the 1970s and 1980s, when developments of single-family Colonials and large Capes established it as an affluent location. Commercial growth was restricted to the town's main thoroughfare, US Route 20, and significant tracts of open space — including much wetland - were preserved in the northern half of town. As subdivisions of large homes continued to be constructed well into the 1990s, Sudbury became one of the wealthiest towns in Massachusetts.

Contrary to some beliefs, the town's ZIP code 01776 was not issued to Sudbury for having sent more volunteer militia to the battle in Concord than any other community.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 24.6 square miles (63.8 km²), of which, 24.4 square miles (63.1 km²) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.7 km²) of it (1.06%) is water.

Sudbury is bordered by Waylandmarker on the east; Framinghammarker on the south; Hudsonmarker, Maynardmarker, Marlboroughmarker, and Stowmarker on the west; Concordmarker on the northeast; and Actonmarker on the north. Sudbury is west of Bostonmarker, east of Worcestermarker, and from New York Citymarker.

The area of original Town of Sudbury in 1650 included most of the area within the present Towns of Wayland and Maynard and all of the area within the present Town of Sudbury.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 16,841 people, 5,504 households, and 4,749 families residing in the town. The population density was 691.1 people per square mile (266.8/km²). There were 5,590 housing units at an average density of 229.4/sq mi (88.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.23% White, 0.80% African American, 0.03% Native American, 3.72% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, and 0.96% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.24% of the population.

There were 5,504 households out of which 51.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 78.5% were married couples living together, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.7% were non-families. 11.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02 and the average family size was 3.28.

In the town the population was spread out with 32.5% under the age of 18, 3.2% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 27.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town is $128,041, and the median income for a family is $149,000. Males had a median income of $98,593 versus $47,500 for females. The per capita income for the town was $53,285. About 2.1% of families and 2.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.

The median home price is $759,405.

Sudbury was ranked in 2005 as the best town in Massachusetts in which to raise a family.

Education

Sudbury students in kindergarten through eighth grade attend Sudbury Public Schools, while high school students attend schools in the Lincoln-Sudbury Regional School District, which was established in 1954, integrating the former Sudbury High School with that of the nearby town of Lincolnmarker, Massachusettsmarker. In June 2002, the towns of Lincoln and Sudbury began a $74 million dollar project to build a new high school near the site of the original building. The shared Lincoln-Sudbury Regional High Schoolmarker (LSRHS) is located in Sudbury.

The high school's science program student team won the 2006 National Ocean Sciences Bowl championship, and came in 2nd in 2005. LSRHS has a nationally recognized school newspaper and school yearbook, "The Forum" and "DYAD" respectively.

There are four elementary schools in Sudbury and one middle school. The four elementary schools are:

The middle school is:

Sudbury has two former elementary schools that were converted to other uses:

Places of worship

Sudbury's First Parish Church
The town's Presbyterian Church


Notable residents



Boy Scouts of America

Sudbury is one of nine towns in the Liberty District of the Knox Trail Council

See also



Notes



References



External links




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