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Sukhoi Design Bureau


Sukhoi (Сухой) is a major Russianmarker aircraft manufacturer famous for its fighters. Founded by Pavel Sukhoi in 1939 as the Sukhoi Design Bureau (OKB-51, design office prefix Su), it is currently known as Sukhoi Corporation. It comprises the JSC Sukhoi Design Bureau located in Moscowmarker, the Novosibirskmarker Aviation Production Association (NAPO), the Komsomolsk-on-Amur Aircraft Production Association (KnAAPO) and Irkutskmarker Aviation. Sukhoi is headquartered in Moscowmarker. Finmeccanica owns 25% + 1 share of Sukhoi's civil division. The Russian government merged Sukhoi with Mikoyan, Ilyushin, Irkut, Tupolev, and Yakovlev as a new company named United Aircraft Building Corporation. Specifically, Mikoyan and Sukhoi were placed within the same operating unit.

Currently Sukhoi's Su-24, Su-25, Su-27, Su-30, Su-34, and shipborne Su-33 aircraft are in service with the Russian Air Force and Navy. Sukhoi attack and fighter aircraft have been supplied to Armeniamarker, Indiamarker, Chinamarker, Polandmarker, the Czech Republicmarker, Iraqmarker, Slovakiamarker, Hungarymarker, Georgiamarker, East Germanymarker, Syriamarker, Algeriamarker, North Koreamarker, Vietnammarker, Malaysiamarker, Afghanistanmarker, Yemenmarker, Egyptmarker, Libyamarker, Iranmarker, Angolamarker, Ethiopiamarker, Perumarker, Eritreamarker, and Indonesiamarker. Venezuelamarker signed contracts for the purchase of 30 Su-30 fighter jets in July 2006. A total of more than 2000 Sukhoi aircraft were supplied to foreign countries on export contracts. With its Su-26, Su-29 and Su-31 models Sukhoi is also one of the leading manufacturers of aerobatic aircraft.

On August 4, 2006, the US State Departmentmarker imposed sanctions on Sukhoi for allegedly supplying Iranmarker in violation of the United States Iran Nonproliferation Act of 2000. Sukhoi was prohibited from doing business with the United States Federal Government. In November of 2006, the US State Department reversed its sanctions against Sukhoi.

Russiamarker launched on September 26, 2007, its first modern commercial regional airliner—the Superjet 100, a 78 to 98 seater, built by Sukhoi. It was unveiled at Komsomolsk-on-Amurmarker. The maiden flight was made on May 19, 2008.

Production aircraft

Decomissioned Polish Su-20 'Fitter' (export version of Su-17)




Experimental aircraft





Note: The Sukhoi OKB has reused aircraft designations on occasion, for example: the Su-9 from 1946 and the later Su-9 from 1956, the former was not produced in quantity. Sukhoi prototype designations are based on wing layout planform. Straight and swept wings are assigned the "S" prefix, while delta winged designs(including tailed-delta) have "T" for a designation prefix.

Example: S-37 and T-10.

See also



References

  1. " Finmeccanica Will Buy 25% of Sukhoi Civil Aircraft." Bloomberg.com. February 21, 2006.
  2. " Russian Aircraft Industry Seeks Revival Through Merger." The New York Times. February 22, 2006.
  3. Su-35 "In Parallel" With PAK-FA
  4. Reuters, PREVIEW-Russia eyes new aviation glory with Superjet
  5. Russian News and Information Agency
  6. KR-860 Ultraheavy transport and passenger aircraft.
  7. Russia's Own fifth generation combat aircraft


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