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The Super League Greece ( ) is the highest professional football league in Greecemarker. It was formed in July 16, 2006 and replaced Alpha Ethniki at the top of the Greek football league system. The league consists of 16 teams and runs from August to May, with teams playing 30 games each. As of May 2008, Super League Greece is ranked 14th in the UEFA ranking of leagues, based on performances in European competitions over the last five-years.

Since the foundation of the first Panhellenic Championship in season 1927-28, only six clubs have won the title, with the "big three" of Athensmarker (Olympiacos, Panathinaikos and AEK Athens) dominating and only PAOK, Aris and Larissa managing to break their dominance on a few occasions. The current champions are Olympiacos, who are also the most successful team of the league having won in total 37 titles - 12 of these titles are in the last 13 years, something which is unique in European football.

History

In 2006, the Super League Greece replaced Alpha Ethniki as the highest Greek professional football league. Alpha Ethniki had held the position as the highest level of Greek football since 1959 when it replaced the Panhellenic Championship. In 1979, Alpha Ethniki, which had been an amateur competition from its inception, turned professional. Up to then the Panhellenic Championship, a cup competition open only to the largest football associations of Athens, Piraeus, Thessaloniki and Patras, had served as the top Greek league. The Panhellenic Championship began in 1906 and ran until superseded by Alpha Ethniki in 1959. This move came as Alpha Ethniki had a larger number of clubs and a greater national interest than the Panhellenic Championship. During its fifty-three years, the Panhellenic Championship was run by several organizations in succession. From 1906 to 1913, Contact of Greek Gymnastic and Athletic Associations (SEGAS) had responsibility for the Championship. From 1922 to 1927, the Union of Football Associations of Greece (EPSE), the precursor of Hellenic Football Federation (EPO), ran it, while the EPO took over in 1927. Up to then the Championship was considered an informal and unofficial competition. The first official champion was named in 1928.

Broadcasting Rights

Skai TV (Private - free channel) and NOVA (Private - pay channel) have taken the broadcasting rights of Super League Greece. The public channel NET have only the broadcasting rights of Olympiacos and Skoda Xanthi.

Structure

At present, sixteen clubs compete in the Super League, playing each other in a home and away series. At the end of the season, the bottom three clubs are relegated to Beta Ethniki. In their place, the top three teams from Beta Ethniki are promoted.

The Super League is entitled to two entrants into the UEFA Champions League. The Super League champion directly enters the third qualifying round of the UEFA Champions League. The second through fifth place teams in the Super League enter a play-off for the second Greek entry. The play-off winner enters the UEFA Champions League's second qualifying round, a two-legged tie from which the winner advances to the third qualifying round of the UEFA Champions League. The winner of the Greek Cup automatically qualifies for the UEFA Europa League, as well as the runners-up of the Super League play-off.

In the play-off for UEFA Champions League, the teams play each other in a home and away round robin. However, they do not all start with 0 points. Instead, a weighting system applies to the teams' standing at the start of the play-off mini-league. The team finishing fifth in the Super League will start the play off with 0 points. The fifth place team’s end of season tally of points is subtracted from the sum of the points that other teams have. This number is then divided by three to give the other teams the points with which they start the mini-league.

Super League Greece 2009-10 members

Club Position in
2008–09
First season after

most recent promotion
Stadium Capacity
AEK Athens 3rd (4th after regular season) Never been relegated Athens Olympic Stadiummarker 71,030
Aris 6th 2006–2007 Kleanthis Vikelidis Stadiummarker 22,800
Asteras Tripolis 12th 2007–2008 Asteras Stadiummarker 6,200
Atromitos Athens 1st; Beta Ethniki 2009–2010 Peristeri Stadiummarker 10,200
Ergotelis 9th 2007–2008 Pankritio Stadiummarker 26,240
PAS Giannina 2nd; Beta Ethniki 2009–2010 Zosimades Stadium 7,500
Iraklis 10th 1981–1982 Kaftanzoglio Stadiummarker 27,770
Kavala 3rd; Beta Ethniki 2009–2010 Kavala Stadium 12,500
Larissa 5th (5th after regular season) 2005–2006 Alkazar Stadiummarker 13,108
Levadiakos 13th 2008–2009 Levadia Municipal Stadiummarker 8,000
Olympiacos Champion Never been relegated Karaiskakis Stadiummarker 33,334
Panathinaikos 2nd (3rd after regular season) Never been relegated Athens Olympic Stadiummarker 71,030
Panionios 8th 1985–1986 Nea Smyrni Stadiummarker 11,700
Panthrakikos 11th 2008–2009 Komotini Stadium 6,500
PAOK 4th (2nd after regular season) Never been relegated Toumba Stadiummarker 28,701
Skoda Xanthi 7th 1989–1990 Skoda Xanthi Arenamarker 7,361
The final positions for the teams occupying rank 2 - 5 in regular season is being determined by the playoffs.

Champions

  • 1927-28 to 1958-59: Panhellenic Championship
  • 1959-60 to 2005-06: Alpha Ethniki
  • 2006-07 to present: Super League Greece




Season Champion
1927-28 Aris
1928-29 not held
1929-30 Panathinaikos
1930-31 Olympiacos
1931-32 Aris
1932-33 Olympiacos
1933-34 Olympiacos
1934-35 not held
1935-36 Olympiacos
1936-37 Olympiacos
1937-38 Olympiacos
1938-39 AEK Athens
1939-40 AEK Athens
1940-41 not held due to
World War II
1941-42
1942-43
1943-44
1944-45
1945-46 Aris
1946-47 Olympiacos
1947-48 Olympiacos
1948-49 Panathinaikos
1949-50 not finished
1950-51 Olympiacos
1951-52 not finished
1952-53 Panathinaikos
1953-54 Olympiacos
1954-55 Olympiacos
1955-56 Olympiacos
1956-57 Olympiacos
1957-58 Olympiacos
1958-59 Olympiacos


Season Champion
1959-60 Panathinaikos
1960-61 Panathinaikos
1961-62 Panathinaikos
1962-63 AEK Athens
1963-64 Panathinaikos
1964-65 Panathinaikos
1965-66 Olympiacos
1966-67 Olympiacos
1967-68 AEK Athens
1968-69 Panathinaikos
1969-70 Panathinaikos
1970-71 AEK Athens
1971-72 Panathinaikos
1972-73 Olympiacos
1973-74 Olympiacos
1974-75 Olympiacos
1975-76 PAOK
1976-77 Panathinaikos
1977-78 AEK Athens
1978-79 AEK Athens
1979-80 Olympiacos
1980-81 Olympiacos
1981-82 Olympiacos
1982-83 Olympiacos
1983-84 Panathinaikos
1984-85 PAOK
1985-86 Panathinaikos
1986-87 Olympiacos
1987-88 Larissa
1988-89 AEK Athens
1989-90 Panathinaikos
1990-91 Panathinaikos


Season Champion
1991-92 AEK Athens
1992-93 AEK Athens
1993-94 AEK Athens
1994-95 Panathinaikos
1995-96 Panathinaikos
1996-97 Olympiacos
1997-98 Olympiacos
1998-99 Olympiacos
1999-00 Olympiacos
2000-01 Olympiacos
2001-02 Olympiacos
2002-03 Olympiacos
2003-04 Panathinaikos
2004-05 Olympiacos
2005-06 Olympiacos
2006-07 Olympiacos
2007-08 Olympiacos
2008-09 Olympiacos
2009-10 TBD


Performance by club

Club Champions Winning years
Olympiacos
37
1931, 1933, 1934, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1947, 1948, 1951, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1966, 1967, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1987, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009
Panathinaikos
19
1930, 1949, 1953, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1969, 1970, 1972, 1977, 1984, 1986, 1990, 1991, 1995, 1996, 2004
AEK Athens
11
1939, 1940, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1978, 1979, 1989, 1992, 1993, 1994
Aris
3
1928, 1932, 1946
PAOK
2
1976, 1985
Larissa
1
1988


Statistics

Statistics in Super League Greece since the 1959-60 season, when the championship was established in its current form.

Top three ranking

Ranking by top three appearances in Super League Greece.

Club 1st 2nd 3rd
Olympiacos 22 14 8
Panathinaikos 16 13 14
AEK Athens 11 16 12
PAOK 2 3 7
Larissa 1 1 -
Aris - 1 4
OFI - 1 2
Panionios - 1 1
Apollon Athens - - 1
Iraklis - - 1


Seasons in Super League Greece

The number of seasons that each team has played in the top division until 2009-10. Olympiacos, Panathinaikos, AEK Athens and PAOK are the only teams to have played in the top division in every season since the league's inception in its modern form. The teams in bold will take part in the Super League Greece 2009-10.

Seasons Clubs
51 Olympiacos, Panathinaikos, AEK Athens, PAOK
50 Iraklis
49 Aris, Panionios
37 Apollon Athens
36 OFI, Ethnikos Piraeus
26 Panachaiki
25 Larissa
23 Egaleo, Panserraikos
21 Skoda Xanthi
20 Doxa Drama, Apollon Kalamaria
18 Kavala
16 Ionikos, Pierikos, PAS Giannina
15 Proodeftiki
12 Veria
10 Kastoria, Levadiakos
9 Athinaikos, Atromitos
8 Olympiakos Volos
7 Fostiras, Trikala, Kalamata, Paniliakos
6 Panegialios
5 Niki Volos, Edessaikos, Korinthos, Ergotelis
4 Kallithea, Ethnikos Asteras, Vyzas, Rodos, Akratitos
3 Panelefsiniakos, Olympiakos Nicosia, Diagoras, Asteras Tripoli
2 Panetolikos, Chalkidon Near East, Kerkyra, Panthrakikos
1 Thrasyvoulos, Naousa, Makedonikos, Chalkida, Pankorinthiakos, Olympiakos Chalkida,
Atromitos Piraeus, Thermaikos, A.E.

Nikaia, Megas Alexandros Katerini,
APOEL, Omonia Nicosia, AEL Limassol, EPA Larnaca



Per geographic region

All the geographic regions of Greece have been represented by at least one team in the first national division. Atticamarker has had the strongest presence with 21 teams, followed by Macedoniamarker (excluding Thessalonikimarker) and the Peloponnesemarker. The regions of Epirus and the Ionian islandsmarker have been represented by only one team each.

Regions Τotal Teams
Atticamarker
21
Olympiacos Piraeus, Panathinaikos, AEK Athens, Panionios, Apollon Athens, Ethnikos Piraeus, Egaleo, Ionikos, Proodeftiki, Athinaikos, Atromitos, Fostiras, Vyzas, Akratitos, Ethnikos Asteras, Kallithea, Panelefsiniakos, Chalkidon Near East, Thrasyvoulos, A.E. Nikaia, Atromitos Piraeus
Macedoniamarker
9
Panserraikos, Doxa Drama, Kavala, Pierikos, Veria, Kastoria, Edessaikos F.C., Megas Alexandros Katerini, Naoussa F.C.
Peloponnesemarker
7
Panachaiki, Kalamata, Paniliakos, Panegialios, Korinthos, Asteras Tripoli, Pankorinthiakos
Thessalonikimarker
6
PAOK, Iraklis, Aris, Apollon Kalamaria, Thermaikos, Makedonikos
Cyprusmarker
5
Olympiakos Nicosia, AEL Limassol, EPA Larnaca, APOEL, Omonia Nicosia
Thessalia
4
Larissa, Olympiakos Volos, Trikala, Niki Volos
Sterea Ellada
4
Levadiakos, Panetolikos, Chalkida, Olympiakos Chalkida
Cretemarker
2
OFI, Ergotelis
Thrace
2
Skoda Xanthi, Panthrakikos
Aegean Islands
2
Rodos, Diagoras
Epirus
1
PAS Giannina
Ionian Islands
1
Kerkyra


UEFA ranking

UEFA coefficients for national leagues including season 2008-09, which determines the number of teams from each country competing in the UEFA competitions of season 2010-11.

Last update: 19 December 2008
Rank Country Points CL places EL places
7 Romania 38.908 2 4
8 Netherlands 38.130
9 Portugal 35.319
10 Ukraine 33.600 3
11 Turkey 31.225
12 Greece 27.915
13 Scotland 27.875
14 Switzerland 25.250
15 Belgium 25.075
16 Denmark 23.050 1 3
17 Bulgaria 21.250


See also



References

External links




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