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The Supreme Court of Nigeria is the highest court in Nigeriamarker, and is located in the Central District, Abujamarker, in what is known as the Three Arms Zone, so called due to the proximity of the offices of the Presidential Complex, the National Assembly, and the Supreme Court.


In 1963, the Federal Republic of Nigeria was proclaimed and Nnamdi Azikiwe became its first President. Appeals from the Federal Supreme Court to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Councilmarker were abolished at that point, and the Supreme Court became the highest court in Nigeria. In 1976, the Court of Appeal (originally known as the Federal Court of Appeal) was established as a national court to entertain appeals from the High Courts of each of Nigeria's 36 states, which are the trial courts of general jurisdiction. The Supreme Court in its current form was shaped by the Supreme Court Act of 1990 and by Chapter VII of the 1999 Constitution of Nigeria.

Under the 1999 constitution, the Supreme Court has both original and appellate jurisdictions, has the sole authority and jurisdiction to entertain appeals from Court of Appeal, having appellate jurisdiction over all lower federal courts and highest state courts. Decisions rendered by the court are binding on all courts in Nigeria except the Supreme Court itself.

Structure and organization

The Supreme Court is composed of the Chief Justice of Nigeria and not more than twenty-one justices, appointed by the President on the recommendation of the National Judicial Council and subject to confirmation by the Senate. Justices of the Supreme Court must be qualified to practice law in Nigeria, and must have been so qualified for a period not less than fifteen years.

Office Name Term
Chief Justice Idris Legbo Kutigi 2007–incumbent
Associate Justice Sylvester Umaru Onu 1993–incumbent
Associate Justice A. I. Katsina-Alu 1998–incumbent
Associate Justice F. F. Tabai 1999–incumbent
Associate Justice Niki Tobi 2002–incumbent
Associate Justice Dahiru Musdapher 2003–incumbent
Associate Justice G. A. Oguntade 2004–incumbent
Associate Justice Sunday A. Akintan 2004–incumbent
Associate Justice A. M. Mukhtar 2005–incumbent
Associate Justice Mahmud Mohammed 2005–incumbent
Associate Justice Walter Samuel Nkanu Onnoghen 2005–incumbent
Associate Justice Ikechi Francis Ogbuagu 2005–incumbent
Associate Justice Ibrahim Tanko Muhammad 2007–incumbent
Associate Justice Pius Olayiwola Aderemi 2007–incumbent
Associate Justice Christopher Michael Chukwuma-Eneh 2007–incumbent

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