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Surrey's home ground of The Brit Insurance Oval, overlooked by the famous gasholders.
Surrey County Cricket Club is one of the 18 professional county clubs which make up the Englishmarker domestic cricket structure, representing the historic county of Surreymarker. Its limited overs team is called the Surrey Brown Caps. The club is the most financially secure first class county club, with a turnover of £22 million in 2006.

The club's home since its foundation in 1845 has been The Ovalmarker cricket ground (currently known officially as the 'Brit Oval' following a sponsorship deal with the Brit insurance company), within the Kenningtonmarker area of Lambethmarker in south Londonmarker. Some home games each season are also played at Whitgift Schoolmarker, Croydonmarker and at Woodbridge Roadmarker, Guildfordmarker.

The traditional club colours are chocolate brown and silver. The club badge is the Prince of Wales' three feathers. Lord Rosebery obtained the permission to use this symbol from the Prince of Wales, owner of the land on which The Ovalmarker stands, in 1915.

Honours

First XI honours

  • Champion County An unofficial seasonal title proclaimed by consensus of media and historians prior to December 1889 when the official County Championship was constituted; for titles claimed by Surrey teams before the county club was founded, see Surrey county cricket teams (10) – 1850, 1851, 1854, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1859, 1864, 1887, 1888; shared (1) – 1889
  • County Championship (18) – 1890, 1891, 1892, 1894, 1895, 1899, 1914, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1971, 1999, 2000, 2002; shared (1) – 1950
Division Two (1) – 2006
  • FP Trophy Formerly known as the Gillette Cup (1963-1980), NatWest Trophy (1981-2000) and C&G Trophy (2001-2006) (1) – 1982
  • NatWest Pro40 League Formerly known as the Sunday League (1969-1998) (2) – 1996, 2003
Division Two (1) – 2000
  • Twenty20 Cup (1) – 2003
  • Benson and Hedges Cup (3) – 1974, 1997, 2001

Second XI honours

  • Second XI Championship (6) – 1966, 1968, 1975, 1988, 1992, 2009; shared (0) –
  • Second XI Trophy (1) – 2001
  • Minor Counties Championship (4) – 1939, 1950, 1954, 1955; shared (0) –


Earliest cricket in the county

It is widely believed that cricket was invented by children living on the Wealdmarker in Saxon or Norman times and that the game very soon reached neighbouring Surreymarker. Although not the game's birthplace, Surrey does claim the honour of being the location of its first definite mention in print. Evidence from a 1598 court case confirms that creckett was played by schoolboys on a certain plot of land in Guildfordmarker around 1550.

See : History of cricket to 1725'

Cricket became well established in Surrey during the 17th century and the earliest village matches took place before the English Civil War. It is believed that the earliest county teams were formed in the aftermath of the Restoration in 1660. The earliest known first-class match in Surrey was Croydon v London at Croydon on 1 July 1707 . In 1709, the earliest known inter-county match took place between Kent and Surrey at Dartford Brentmarker.

Surrey continued to be a major county through the 18th century. Probably its greatest players during the underarm era were the famous bowler Edward "Lumpy" Stevens and the wicketkeeper/batsman William Yalden, who both belonged to the Chertsey club.

For information about Surrey county teams before the formation of Surrey CCC, see : Surrey county cricket teams'

Origin of Surrey CCC

Surrey CCC was founded on the evening of 22 August 1845 at the Horns Tavern in South London, where around 100 representatives of various cricket clubs in Surrey agreed a motion put by William Denison (the club's first Secretary) "that a Surrey club be now formed". A further meeting at the Tavern on 18 October 1845 formally constituted the club, appointed officers and began enrolling members. A lease on Kennington Ovalmarker, a former market garden, was obtained by a Mr Houghton from the Duchy of Cornwall. Mr Houghton was of the old Montpelier Cricket Clubmarker, 70 members of which formed the nucleus of the new Surrey County club.The Honourable Fred Ponsonby, later the Earl of Bessborough was the first vice-president.

Surrey's inaugural first-class match was against the MCC at The Oval at the end of May, 1846. The first inter-county match, against Kent, was held at The Oval the following month. However the club did not do well that year, despite the extra public attractions at the Oval of a Walking Match and a Poultry Show. By the start of the 1847 season the club was £70 in debt and there was a motion to close. Ponsonby proposed that 6 life members be created for a fee of £12 each. His motion was duly passed, and the club survived.

Club history

Overview

Surrey CCC has had three notable periods of great success in its history. The club was recognised as "Champion County" seven times during the 1850s; it won the title eight times from 1887 to 1895 (including the first ever officially constituted County Championship in 1890); and seven consecutive outright titles from 1952 to 1958 inclusive following a shared title (with Lancashire) in 1950. In 1955, Surrey won 23 of its 28 county matches, a record that still stands. To date, Surrey has won the official County Championship 18 times outright, more than any other county except Yorkshire.

Success in the 1850s

Surrey enjoyed a great decade in the 1850s, being the "Champion County" seven times from 1850 to 1859 and again in 1864. In 1857, all nine matches played by the county resulted in victory. This was the time of great players like William Caffyn, Julius Caesar, HH Stephenson and Tom Lockyer, and a fine captain in Frederick Miller.

More success in the 1880s and 1890s

Surrey was again Champion County in 1887 and 1888, and jointly in 1889, before the County Championship officially came into being in 1890. They won the official title in 1890-1892, 1894, 1895 and 1899. Much of this success was under the county's first great captain, John Shuter, who led the side from 1880 to 1893. Leading players in these years were batsman Bobby Abel and a trio of top bowlers George Lohmann, Bill Lockwood and Tom Richardson.

From 1900 until World War II

The turn of the century brought a decline in Surrey's fortunes, and they won the title only once during the next fifty years, in 1914. The club's most famous player was Jack Hobbs, who began playing for the county in 1905, and he had a notable opening partner till 1914 in Tom Hayward. Between the two World Wars, Surrey often had a good side, but it tended to be stronger in batting than in bowling, Hobbs playing on until 1934 with another good opening partner in Andrew Sandham. Hobbs scored more runs and compiled more centuries in first-class cricket than any other player in the history of the game.

The Oval pitches of this period also tended to be very good for batting, so that many matches were left drawn. The club captain for much of this period was the affable and bohemian Percy Fender, whose closest colleague was the England captain of Bodyline fame (or infamy), Douglas Jardine.

Domination in the 1950s

From 1948 to 1959, Surrey were the pre-eminent English county team, finishing either first or second in the county championship in 10 seasons out of 12. They finished runners-up in 1948, shared the championship with Lancashire in 1950, won seven consecutive outright titles from 1952 to 1958, and were runners-up again in 1959. Their margins of victory were usually large (for example, Yorkshire were runners-up in 1952 but were 32 points behind).

Their great success was built on a remarkably strong bowling attack, with Test seamer Alec Bedser supported by the outstanding spin duo of Tony Lock and Jim Laker, the latter widely regarded as one of the finest ever orthodox off spinners. Lock and Laker made the most of Oval pitches receptive to spin, but the club's success was also due to the positive and attacking captaincy of Stuart Surridge, who won the title in all five years of his leadership from 1952 to 1956. The team fielded extremely well and a feature was some brilliant close catching. The team also had excellent batsmen, especially the elegant Peter May, and the determined and combative Ken Barrington.

Recent times

Over the next forty years to 1998, Surrey won the title only once, in 1971 during the career of England opener John Edrich. But then another successful period was achieved under the captaincy of Adam Hollioake and the influence of Keith Medlycott, who was county coach from 1997 to 2003.

This recent run of success came to an end in 2005, when Surrey was relegated to Division Two of the Championship, but an immediate recovery took place in 2006 as Surrey won Division Two. However they were again relegated to Division Two in 2008, failing to win a single game in the county championship for the first time in the county's history and losing their last two games by an innings.

A one day record

Surrey scored a world record 496 for 4 in one day cricket in the 50 over Friends Provident Trophy clash against Gloucestershire in April 2007. Ali Brown (176 in 97 balls) and James Benning (152) put on a Surrey record of 294 for the first wicket, only the second time that two batsmen had passed 150 in the same one day innings. Rikki Clarke passed 50 in 19 balls and scored 82 runs in 28 to take Surrey to the highest ever score made in one day cricket anywhere in the world. Jonathan Batty hit the boundary that took Surrey beyond Sri Lankamarker's score of 443 for 9 against the Netherlands. 22 sixes and 47 fours were hit in the innings as a whole.

2009 squad

The Surrey squad for the 2009 season currently consists of (this section could change as players are released or signed):

Players with international caps are listed in bold.

Name Squad No Nat Batting Style Bowling Style Notes
Batsmen
Stewart Walters (c) 26 RHB RM Appointed captain following Mark Butcher's retirement
Mark Butcher 4 LHB RM Retired in August 2009
Mark Ramprakash 77 RHB OS
James Benning 2 RHB RM On loan to Leicestershire CCC, Contract will not be renewed for 2010
Usman Afzaal 7 LHB SLA
Michael Brown 8 RHB OS
Laurie Evans 21 RHB RM
Scott Newman 11 LHB On loan to Nottinghamshire CCC
Arun Harinath 25 RHB OS
Chris Murtagh 22 RHB Contract will not be renewed for 2010
Jason Roy RHB RM
All-rounders
Chris Jordan 27 RHB RMF
Matthew Spriegel 28 LHB OS
Alex Tudor 23 RHB RF
Grant Elliott 6 RHB RFM Played first half of season
Ryan Harris RHB RM Australia ODI player signed for 3 matches
Wicket-keepers
Jonathan Batty 1 RHB
Gary Wilson 19 RHB
Bowlers
Pedro Collins 3 RHB LMF Kolpak player
Jade Dernbach 16 RHB RFM
Simon King 14 RHB OS
Stuart Meaker 18 RHB RMF
Murtaza Hussain 29 RHB OS Contract will not be renewed for 2010
André Nel 89 RHB RF Kolpak player
Chris Schofield 30 RHB LS
James Ormond 15 RHB RFM, OS Contract will not be renewed for 2010
Tim Linley RHB RFM
Tom Smith RHB SLA On loan from Sussex CCC
James Anyon LHB RFM On loan from Warwickshire CCC


Notable Surrey players



Captains of Surrey

A complete list of officially appointed Surrey captains can be found here: List of Surrey cricket captains.

Current and notable former Officials of Surrey

This list excludes those who are also listed above as famous players. Data is primarily taken from Surrey Yearbooks.

Presidents:

Note that a full list can be found here: List of Presidents of Surrey CCC.

Secretaries/Chief Executives:

The post of Secretary was renamed Chief Executive in 1993.

Managing Directors of Cricket

Cricket Managers

Scorers

Records

First-class records

Highest and lowest team totals for and against

Highest Total For - 811 v Somerset at The Oval 1899
Highest Total Against - 863 by Lancashire at The Oval 1990
Lowest Total For - 14 v Essex at Chelmsford 1983
Lowest Total Against - 16 by MCC at Lord's 1872


Most appearances for Surrey

598 Jack Hobbs (1905-34)
593 Tom Hayward (1893-1914)
554 Herbert Strudwick (1902-27)
525 Andrew Sandham (1911-37)
514 Bobby Abel (1881-1904)
500 Ernie Hayes (1896-1919)
498 Mickey Stewart (1954-72)
485 Pat Pocock (1964-86)
443 Eric Bedser (1939-61)
434 Bernie Constable (1939-64)


Most runs and most wickets in a career

Most first-class runs for Surrey

Qualification - 20000 runs
Player Runs
Jack Hobbs 43554
Tom Hayward 36171
Andy Sandham 33312
John Edrich 29305
Bobby Abel 27609
Ernie Hayes 25062
Micky Stewart 25007
Andy Ducat 23108
Laurie Fishlock 22138


Most first-class wickets for Surrey

Qualification - 1300 wickets
Player Wickets
Tom Richardson 1775
Tony Lock 1713
Percy Fender 1586
Alec Bedser 1459
Alf Gover 1437
Pat Pocock 1399
Jim Laker 1395
Walter Lees 1331


Batting records

Highest individual scores for Surrey
357* R Abel v Somerset at The Oval 1899
338 WW Read v Oxford University at The Oval 1888
316* JB Hobbs v Middlesex at Lord's 1926
315* TW Hayward v Lancashire at The Oval 1898
306* A Ducat v Oxford University at The Oval 1919
301* MR Ramprakash v Northamptonshire at The Oval 2006


Most runs in a season
3246 TW Hayward in 1906


Highest partnership for each wicket
1st - 428 JB Hobbs and A Sandham v Oxford University at The Oval 1926
2nd - 371 JB Hobbs and EG Hayes v Hampshire at The Oval 1909
3rd - 413 DJ Bicknell and DM Ward v Kent at Canterbury 1990
4th - 448 R Abel and TW Hayward v Yorkshire at The Oval 1899
5th - 311 MR Ramprakash and Azhar Mahmood v Middlesex at The Oval 2005
6th - 298 A Sandham and HS Harrison v Sussex at The Oval 1913
7th - 262 CJ Richards and KT Medlycott v Kent at The Oval 1987
8th - 205 IA Greig and MP Bicknell v Lancashire at The Oval 1990
9th - 168 ERT Holmes and EWJ Brooks v Hampshire at The Oval 1936
10th - 173 A Ducat and A Sandham v Essex at Leyton 1921


Bowling records

Bowlers taking all ten wickets in an innings
10-43 T Rushby v Somerset at Taunton 1921
10-45 T Richardson v Essex at The Oval 1894
10-54 GAR Lock v Kent at Blackheath 1956
10-67 EA Watts v Warwickshire at Edgbaston 1939
10-88 JC Laker v Australians at The Oval 1956


Best match bowling
16-83 GAR Lock v Kent at Blackheath 1956


Most wickets in a season
252 T Richardson in 1895


Fielding records (excluding wicketkeepers)

Most catches in an innings
7 MJ Stewart v Northamptonshire at Northampton 1957


Most catches in a match
8 GAR Lock v Warwickshire at The Oval 1957


Most catches in a season
77 MJ Stewart 1957


Most catches in career
605 MJ Stewart 1964-1972


Wicketkeeping records

Most dismissals in an innings
8 (ct 8, st 0) JN Batty v Kent at The Oval 2004 (equals world record)


Most dismissals in a match
12 (ct 8, st 4) EW Pooley v Sussex at The Oval 1868


Most dismissals in a season
91 (ct 74, st 17) A Long 1962


Most dismissals in career
1221 (ct 1035, st 186) H Strudwick (1902-1927)


Limited overs records

World Record "List A" One-Day Total
496 for 4 (50 overs) v Gloucestershire at The Oval, April 29th 2007. Crook, P Daily Telegraph Sports Section S32 496: Surrey rewrite the record book


World Record "List A" One-Day Individual Score
268 by AD Brown v Glamorgan at The Oval 2002


Surrey Facts and Feats

  • 80,000 people attended the Surrey v Yorkshire CCC match at the Oval in July 1906. Walter Lees had chosen this match as his benefit and pocketed 2,120 pounds. Surrey won the match.


  • Tom Hayward scored 3,518 runs in all first-class cricket in 1906, equalled C.B. Fry's record of 13 centuries in a season and, in one six day period, scored two centuries at Trent Bridge and two more at Leicester. He scored his hundredth hundred, appropriately enough, at the Oval in 1913.


  • Alf Gover took 200 wickets in both 1936 and 1937, a fine achievement for a fast bowler on the flat Oval track. Though he generated his pace from an untidy action himself, he became a highly respected coach.


  • Surrey reduced the Indian Tourists to 205 for 9 in 1946 before C.T. Sarwate, number 10, and Shute Nangerjee, number 11, came together to post 249 for the last wicket. They both scored centuries and passed the record, in England, of Woolley and Fielder who had compiled 235 in 1909.


  • Surrey made 706 - 4 declared in answer to Nottinghamshire's 401 at Trent Bridge in May 1947. 4 Surrey batsman scored hundreds, E.R.T. Holmes (122*) and Jack Parker (108*) following Stan Squires (154) and David Fletcher (194 in only his second match).


  • In 1999, Surrey's staff included three sets of brothers: Bicknell (Darren and Martin), Butcher (Gary and Mark) and Hollioake (Adam and Ben). The Butchers' father, Alan, was the 2nd XI Coach and had played a County Championship match in an emergency the previous season. The staff also included Alec Stewart, whose father Mickey was a previous captain of the county.


  • Ali Brown has scored 2 double hundreds in one day cricket. His innings of 268 against Glamorgan is the highest score ever made in one day cricket, beating Graeme Pollock's former record score. Surrey scored 438.


  • Surrey made a one-day world record score of 496-4 from their 50 overs, the first of which was a maiden, against Gloucestershire at The Oval on 29 April 2007. Ali Brown top scored with 176 from just 97 deliveries.


Notes

  1. Counties warm to salary-cap idea as gap widens between haves and have-nots guardian.co.uk 19 September 2007
  2. Cricinfo article, "A Brief History of Surrey".
  3. Classification of cricket matches from 1697 to 1825
  4. Scorecard of Surrey's first match.
  5. Scorecard of Surrey's first inter-county match.
  6. The History of Surrey County Cricket Club by David Lemmon, 1989. ISBN 0-7470-2010-8, pp14-19.
  7. Wisden Cricketers' Almanack, 1993 edition, obituary of Stuart Surridge. (Since 1993 counties have played fewer than 23 matches a season, so there has been no subsequent opportunity to break the record.)
  8. Cricket Archive
  9. Cricket Archive


References

  • Derek Birley, A Social History of English Cricket, Aurum, 1999
  • Rowland Bowen, Cricket: A History of its Growth and Development, Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1970
  • Arthur Haygarth, Scores & Biographies, Volume 3 (1841-1848), Lillywhite, 1862
  • The History of Surrey County Cricket Club by David Lemmon, 1989. ISBN 0-7470-2010-8
  • Surrey County Cricket Club First-Class Records 1846-2000, Limited Overs Records 1963-2000, compiled by The Surrey Statistics Group, published by Surrey CCC
  • Surrey CCC Yearbooks
  • Playfair Cricket Annual (various editions)
  • Wisden Cricketers Almanack (various editions)


External sources




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