Susquehannock State Park is
a Pennsylvania state
park on in Drumore Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania in the United States. The park is on a
scenic plateau overlooking the Susquehanna River and Conowingo Reservoir.
The park is named for the Susquehannock
people, who lived in the area.
Susquehannock State Park is located on small roads a few miles
south of Pennsylvania Route
or west of Pennsylvania
. The nearest city is
Lancaster, about north.
In addition to its many fine views of the river and Wissler Run,
the park is used for picnics
, and has organized group tenting
facilities for overnight use by qualified groups.
There are of hiking trails at Susquehannock State Park. The trails
wind through a variety of habitats
and a wide
variety of wildflowers can be seen at the park. Woodland creatures
like the White-tailed deer
songbirds and some lizards can be seen. Osprey
and Bald Eagles
seen soaring over the river and park from the scenic overlooks. All
trails, except Rhododendron Trail, are open to horseback
- Overlook Trail is and leads to the two scenic
overlooks at Hawk Point and Wissler's Run.
- Rhododendron Trail is and is the steepest and
longest trail in the park. The trail passes rhododendrons and the
remains of the homestead of Thomas Neel, a Revolutionary War veteran.
- Pine Tree Trail is a short and steep access
trail to Wissler's Run.
- Five Point Trail is and features views of
creek valleys and many rhododendrons.
- Fire Trail is a short logging road through a stand of poplar trees.
- Nature Trail passes through a mature hardwood
forest for .
- Phites Eddy Trail is a short trail that runs
along the river in the vicinity of a former inn.
- Landis Trail is and is named for Lester Landis
the original owner of the historical Landis House which is across
from the park office. A stand of Virginia bluebells bloom along this trail
in late April and early May.
- Pipeline Trail is and follows the right of way
of an abandoned pipeline.
Susquehannock State Park features two scenic overlooks. They offer
a view of the Susquehanna River
and the Conowingo Reservoir on the Susquehanna River. Hawk Point overlooks
the reservoir, a hydroelectric
impoundment created by Conowingo Dam in northern Maryland.
waters of the reservoir provide hydroelectric power and cooling
water for the Peach Bottom nuclear
. The reservoir is also a recreational center for
The waters also provide a habitat for a wide variety of fish
. These fish are preyed
bald eagles and osprey. Hawks, turkey
and black vulture
also be seen soaring over the park from Hawk Point. Down the hill
from Hawk Point overlook is Wissler's Run overlook. This vista
gives a view of the original rocky nature of the Susquehanna's
, an Iroquoian
speaking tribe, had their first encounter with Europeans in 1608
when Captain John Smith
exploring the Chesapeake Bay
English Crown. What the Susquehannock called themselves is unknown,
the modern name comes from the name, Sasquesahanough or "roily
water people", bestowed upon them by Cpt. Smith and his Algonquian
interpreter. They made their home by
the river and had only one small village (Conestoga), but they were
a strong tribe, that controlled trade routes along the river and
the upper reaches of the bay. The Susquehannock lived along the
river until 1675 when they suffered a major defeat at the hands of
. Following this loss they
began a period of migration and eventual decline. Five chiefs were
murdered in Maryland when they went to a meeting to negotiate a
treaty. They migrated to New York in 1677 and
intermingled with the Iroquois. They returned to
Conestoga in 1697 but left again in the early 1700s when the
migrated, again, to Ohio.
remained behind and became known as Conestogas. They were able to
live in Pennsylvania until 1763 when a group of six were
slaughtered by the anti-Indian Paxton
. The remaining Indians sought protection for the colonial
governor and were taken to a workhouse
Lancaster. The Paxton Boys gained entry to the workhouse and
murdered fourteen more Indians. Only two Susquehannocks remained in
Pennsylvania. They worked the rest of their lives as servants
on a farm where they died and were buried
bringing about the end of the Susquehannock people in
Nearby state parks
The following state parks are within of Susquehannock State Park:
- Note: shows Susquehannock State Park