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Sutter County is a county located along the Sacramento River in the Central Valleymarker of the U.S. state of Californiamarker, north of state capital Sacramentomarker. Sutter County is part of the Greater Sacramento CSA.

 its population was 93,142[12411]. The county seat is Yuba Citymarker.


Sutter County was one of the original counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood. Parts of the county were given to Placer Countymarker in 1851.

Sutter County is named after one of the state’s more engaging and complex historical personalities, and an agricultural visionary. John Augustus Sutter, a German native born to Swiss parents, was one of the first to recognize the Sacramento Valley for its potential as an agricultural empire, and his Hock Farm, established in 1841 on the Feather River just south of present-day Yuba City, was the site of the valley’s first large agricultural enterprise.

Sutter obtained a large land grant from the Mexicanmarker government, and called his first settlement New Helvetia (which included the present day city of Sacramentomarker). In 1850, Sutter retired to Hock Farm when gold seekers deprived him of most of his holdings at Sacramento.

Sutter County is the birthplace (Yuba City, 1858) of John Joseph Montgomery, who was the first American to successfully pilot a heavier than air craft, 20 years before the Wright Brothers, and who held the first patent for an "aeroplane."


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 609 square miles (1,576 km²), of which, 603 square miles (1,561 km²) of it is land and 6 square miles (16 km²) of it (0.99%) is water. Some 88 percent of the county is prime farmland and grazing land.

Sutter County is home to the Sutter Buttesmarker, known as the "World's Smallest Mountain Range." This volcanic formation provides relief to the otherwise seemingly flat Sacramento Valley. For further information about the Sutter Buttes go to [12412]

Bordered by the Sacramento River on the west and the Feather River on the east, Sutter County has 240 miles of levees. The Sutter Bypass, which diverts flood waters from the Sacramento River, cuts through the heart of Sutter County.

Cities and towns

Incorporated cities

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Transportation infrastructure

Major highways

Public Transportation

Yuba Sutter Transit operates local bus service, as well as commuter runs to Downtown Sacramento.


Sutter County Airportmarker is a general aviation airport located just south of Yuba City.


As of the census of 2000, there were 78,930 people, 27,033 households, and 19,950 families residing in the county. The population density was 131 people per square mile (51/km²). There were 28,319 housing units at an average density of 47 per square mile (18/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 67.52% White, 1.91% Black or African American, 1.55% Native American, 11.26% Asian, 0.20% Pacific Islander, 12.96% from other races, and 4.60% from two or more races. 22.21% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 10.3% were of German, 9.0% Americanmarker, 7.1% English and 6.1% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 70.3% spoke English, 17.9% Spanish and 9.3% Punjabi as their first language.

There were 27,033 households out of which 37.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.0% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.2% were non-families. 21.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.35.

In the county the population was spread out with 29.00% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.3 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,375, and the median income for a family was $44,330. Males had a median income of $35,723 versus $25,778 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,428. About 12.1% of families and 15.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.3% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.


Presidential election results
Year GOP DEM Others
2008 57.7% 10,445 40.7% 7,360 1.6% 292
2004 67.2% 20,254 31.9% 9,602 1.0% 289
2000 65.3% 17,350 31.7% 8,416 3.0% 798
1996 57.6% 14,264 34.4% 8,504 8.0% 1,977
1992 50.1% 12,956 30.5% 7,883 19.4% 5,021
1988 67.5% 14,100 31.4% 6,557 1.2% 241
1984 71.2% 14,477 27.2% 5,535 1.5% 311
1980 63.5% 11,778 27.5% 5,103 9.0% 1,676
1976 54.2% 8,745 43.2% 6,966 2.6% 420
1972 62.5% 10,224 33.0% 5,409 4.5% 739
1968 59.6% 8,665 31.8% 4,624 8.6% 1,256
1964 51.6% 7,241 48.3% 6,787 0.1% 16
1960 62.9% 7,520 36.6% 4,379 0.5% 55

Sutter is a strongly Republican county in Presidential and congressional elections. The last Democrat to win a majority in the county was Franklin Roosevelt in 1940. Sutter is part of California's 2nd congressional district, which is held by Republican Wally Herger. In the state legislature Sutter is in the 2nd Assembly district, which is held by Republican Doug LaMalfa, and the 4th Senate district, which is held by Republican Sam Aanestad.

On Nov. 4, 2008 Sutter County voted 70.7 % for Proposition 8 which amended the California Constitution to ban same-sex marriages.

See also


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