Savitskaya ( ; born August 8, 1948, in Moscow, Russian SFSR) is a former Soviet female aviator and cosmonaut who flew aboard Soyuz T-7 in 1982, becoming the second woman in
space some 19 years after Valentina
She is the daughter of Soviet military
commander Yevgeniy Savitskiy
is married, with one child.
She started training as a cosmonaut in 1980.
While on Salyut 7
space station, Savitskaya
became the first woman to perform a space walk
(on July 25, 1984). She
was outside the space station for 3 hours 35 minutes.
Upon returning to Earth, Savitskaya was assigned as a commander of
an all-female Soyuz crew to Salyut 7 in commemoration of the
International Women's Day
a mission that was later canceled.
She was twice awarded the Hero
of the Soviet Union
title. The asteroid 4118 Sveta
is named for her.
She was also a test and sports pilot - starting from 1974 she set
18 international world records on MiG
and three records in team parachute jumping. She won the first
place at the 6th FAI World Aerobatic Championship in 1970.
Savitskaya retired in 1993 from the Russian Air Force at the rank
She is a member of the State Duma
representing the Communist Party of the