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At the 1904 Summer Olympics, nine swimming events were contested, all for men. The 1904 swimming competition was the only time in Olympic history that racing distances were measured in yards. The competition was held September 4–6, 1904.

The short sprint, at , made its first appearance. The 100 returned after not being contested in 1900. The 1000 metres and 4000 metres were replaced with the much shorter and events, making the 200 the only freestyle event to be held for the second time in a row.

The 200 metre backstroke was shortened to and the team swimming event was replaced with a 4×50 yard freestyle relay. The obstacle course and underwater swimming events were eliminated, while breaststroke made its Olympic debut.

Medal table

1 4 2 2 8
2 3 6 5 14
3 2 1 1 4
4 0 0 1 1

Medal summary

50 yard freestyle

100 yard freestyle

220 yard freestyle

440 yard freestyle

880 yard freestyle

1 mile freestyle

100 yard backstroke

440 yard breaststroke

4×50 yard freestyle relay

The New York Athletic Clubmarker
Joseph Ruddy
Leo Goodwin
Louis Handley
Charles Daniels

Chicago Athletic Association
David Hammond
William Tuttle
Hugo Goetz
Raymond Thorne

Missouri Athletic Club
Amedee Reyburn
Gwynne Evans
Marquard Schwarz
William Orthwein

Participating nations

32 swimmers from 4 nations competed.


  1. Francis Gailey was originally assumed to be American, before it was discovered that his nationality was Australian. The International Olympic Committee still credits this medal for the United States, however.

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