The Full Wiki

More info on Symphony in Three Movements (Stravinsky)

Symphony in Three Movements (Stravinsky): Map

Advertisements
  

Wikipedia article:

Map showing all locations mentioned on Wikipedia article:



The Symphony in Three Movements is a work by Russian expatriate composer Igor Stravinsky. Stravinsky wrote the symphony from 1942–45 on commission by the Philharmonic Symphony Society of New York. It was premièred by the New York Philharmonic Orchestra under Stravinsky on January 24, 1946.

The Symphony in Three Movements is considered as Stravinsky's first major composition after emigrating to the United Statesmarker. It uses material written by Stravinsky for aborted film projects and is in a style reminiscent of his enfant terrible period, when composing music for producer Serge Diaghilev.

In 1943, Stravinsky had begun work on rescoring his enfant terrible ballet The Rite of Spring. Although the project was left incomplete, his revisit to this earlier composition appears to have influenced the symphony. The symphony is violent and highly rhythmic while maintaining a neoclassical organization.

A typical performance of the symphony lasts 20–25 minutes:
  1. Overture; Allegro (about 10 minutes)
  2. Andante; Interlude: L'istesso tempo (about 6 minutes)
  3. Con moto (about 6 minutes)


The symphony is scored for an orchestra of piccolo, 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 3 clarinets in B and A (3rd doubling bass clarinet), 2 bassoons, contrabassoon, 4 horns, 3 trumpets in C, 3 trombones, tuba, timpani, bass drum, piano, harp, violins I & II, violas, cellos, and double basses.

Stravinsky, who rarely acknowledged outside inspirations for his music, referred to the composition as his 'war symphony'. He claimed the symphony as a direct response to events of the Second World War in both Europe and Asia. The first movement was inspired by a documentary on Japanese scorched earth tactics in Chinamarker. The third movement deals with footage of German soldiers goosestepping and the allied forces' mounting success.

Material is drawn from projects that Stravinsky had abandoned or reorganized. The pianoforte's presence in the first movement stems from a piano concerto that was left incomplete. Music for harp is prominent in the second movement, using themes for a film adaptation of Franz Werfel's novel The Song of Bernadette. Stravinsky was considered for this project but it was later assigned to Bernard Herrmann. The third movement unites the first two movements by giving equal emphasis to piano and harp.

In contrast to Stravinsky's earlier Symphony in C, the Symphony in Three Movements is much more turbulent and chromatic. While the Symphony in C is based on abstract ideas, his later symphony makes use of pressing social concerns. From a purely musical standpoint, the Symphony harkens back to Stravinsky's earlier styles of composition while an outstanding achievement of neoclassicism.

Notes

  1. Michael Oliver, Igor Stravinsky (London: Phaidon Press Ltd, 1995), p. 152.
  2. Stephen Walsh, "Stravinsky, Igor", New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 2nd ed., edited by Stanley Sadie and John Tyrrell (New York: Grove's Dictionaries), §8.
  3. Eric Walter White, Stravinsky: The Composer and his Works, 2nd edition (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1979), p. 435.
  4. Charles M. Joseph, Stravinsky Inside Out (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2001), p. 120.
  5. Michael Oliver, Igor Stravinsky (London: Phaidon Press Ltd, 1995), pp.152, 154-6.
  6. Eric Walter White, Stravinsky: The Composer and his Works, 2nd edition (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1979), p. 429.
  7. Eric Walter White, Stravinsky: The Composer and his Works, 2nd edition (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1979), p. 435.



Embed code:
Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message