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Synoptic table of the principal old world prehistoric cultures: Map

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The synoptic table of the principal old world prehistoric cultures gives a rough picture of the relationships between the various principal cultures of Prehistory outside the Americas, Antarcticamarker, Australia and Oceania. It also serves as an index of the broad features of that prehistory to be followed through links to articles.

Table

The Principal prehistoric cultures of the Old World
Prehistoric Europe
History of Africa & African archaeology
Near Eastern archaeology

& History of Asia
Period & Climate Western Europe Central Europe

and Eastern Europe
North Africa,

West Africa and Sahara
Central Africa,

South and East Africa
Middle East South Asia, and

Central Asia
East Asia and South-East Asia
After the year 1,000 CE







Medieval Iron Age of the

Chadmarker Basin
1,000 CE







Opening of the Middle Ages



End of Antiquity
Iron Age





Iron Age in Nigermarker, Roman Empire
Iron Age in Kenyamarker, Uganda

Tanzania, Zambiamarker, Zimbabwemarker






Roman Empire
1 BCE







Iron Age Iron Age Nigeriamarker, Great Lakes First cultivators

of the equatorial forest and settled agriculture in Southern Africa
Empire of Alexander

Persian Empire

Phoeniciansmarker
Mauryan Empire (Indiamarker)

Steppe Scythians

Chinesemarker Iron Age

Chinese

Zhou period
1,000 BCE









Bronze Age



Bronze Age

Myceneansmarker
Copper Age in Nigermarker





development of agriculture

in East Africa and Central Africa




Hittites


Assyrians
development of

Indianmarker Iron Age pastoralism in Indiamarker

Bactrian towns
Chinesemarker Bronze Age

Chinese

Shang period
2,000 BCE









Bell beaker

Chalcolithic

corded ceramic





domestication of the horse
Neolithic of Tichitmarker



Tenerean


Akkad Empire
marker

Sumerian Kingdom
Indus Valley civilisation



writing
Chinesemarker Neolithic

of Longshan
3,000 BCE











enclosed villages



first megaliths




Chalcolithic


of Central Europe
Beginning of the Hunter-gatherer art

of South Africa
Bronze Age
4,000 BCE















Lower Neolithic


Danubian
Neolithic



Mediterranean

and Egyptian

Neolithic
Beginning of Neolithic in East Africa

Chalcolithic


(copper metallurgy)




Neolithic


of Iranmarker

Neolithic

of Yang-Shao

rice-growing (?)
5,000 BCE









Cardial and Linear Pottery

(agriculture, stock-rearing, Pottery)



Tardenoisian

cultures
Starčevo and Vinča culture



agriculture, stock-rearing (pigs, bovine, sheep)
Neolithic of the Sahara/Sahel



irrigated agriculture ceramic Cyprus









irrigation
cultivation of millet

pig rearing
6,000 BCE















Sauveterrian
cultures

(gathering of legumes)
Neolithic in Greecemarker

and the Eastern Mediterranean

Sesklo and Choirokoitiamarker






ceramic
Neolithic with ceramic

raising

sheep & goats

end of pre-ceramic B aceramic Cyprus
pre-ceramic of Iranmarker

Afghanistanmarker and

Baluchistan
Neolithic of northern Chinamarker



7,000 BCE















Backed point

culture
Wiltonian Pre-ceramic B

Pre-ceramic A

Neolithic in Turkeymarker

(wheat, barley)
hunter gatherers

of Jōmon (ancient Japanmarker)
8,000 BCE











Azilian




and Asiloid cultures
Capsian Goats domestication Zagrosmarker in Iranmarker



First towns Near East at Aşıklı Höyükmarker and Jerichomarker
Hoabinhian of Southeast Asia
9,000 BCE















late Gravettian
late Gravettian plains

complex (Mezine

Kostienki)


Magosian






Natufian






Khandivili
marker



10,000 BCE Holocene began

glacial ended (10,000 BCE)



glacial at its coldest (18,000 BCE)

Magdalenian

Solutrean

Epigravettian




Epigravettian




Ibero-maurusian




Sebilian

Lupemban culture







Kebarian


Athlitian



pre-Jōmon ceramic (Japanmarker) Paleo-Siberian hunters move to North America (one possible timing)

20,000 BCE













Gravettian




Aurignacian (art)




Pavlovian




Aurignacian (art)




Aurignacian
(art)
Sơn Vi culture (northern Vietnam)
30,000 BCE













Châtelperronian





Szeletian







Aterian




Stillbay










Angara
marker culture




Sen-Doki

40,000 BCE









Emirian





50,000 BCE







Mousterian

(earliest graves)







Mousterian










Mousterian








Fauresmithian






Mousterian




Mousterian









Soanian






Ngandong


culture
80,000 BCE







latest glacial began (95,000 BCE)







Micoquien








Micoquien


Mousteroid











Ordos

culture


100,000 BCE





glacial ended (130,000 BCE)







Upper Acheulean









Upper Acheulean







Sangoan













Acheulean




Soanian




Fen
Culture
200,000 BCE

glacial began (350,000 BCE)








Tayacian












Acheulean












Acheulean














Acheulean




300,000 BCE











middle Acheulean







Clactonian


middle Acheulean















Pre-Soanian
500,000 BCE









Lower Acheulean









worked pebbles
Lower Acheulean









worked pebbles








Lower Acheulean

Padjitanian









1,000,000 BCE









worked pebbles









worked pebbles













worked pebbles






lower Acheulean





Oldowan




worked pebbles






2,000,000 BCE





See also




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